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Prague, Czech Republic

The Faculty of Informatics and Statistics , also known as School of Informatics and Statistics is the fourth of six faculties at University of Economics, Prague. The faculty formed in 1991, following the dissolution of the Faculty of Direction. Today, its departments focus on informatics, statistics, econometrics and other mathematical methods applied to business practice.With eight departments and several research laboratories, the faculty today hosts around 3,500 students in its Bachelor, Master and Doctoral programs. Wikipedia.

Population regulation cannot be left just to wars, epidemics and famines in future. A mutual cooperation is necessary to accept suitable measures helping to decrease, or at least to sustain, the population at the desirable level and at the same time to improve life conditions of many inhabitants of the Earth. The mankind has the necessary knowledge and means to find the right solution. The belief into a better future is the driving force of the necessary steps. A decisive role is played by the population transition. its first phase, which still prevails in some regions, started the exponential increase of the Earth population. in the second phase, the demographic revolution causes ageing of the population. At present, the world population increments are decreasing and it can be presupposed in the long run that the size of the population will stabilise. All population increments will be the matter of developing countries, while the population of the most developed countries will stagnate or, under the influence of the de-population in some countries, even slightly decrease. Source

Dlouhy M.,University of Economics in Prague
Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

Background: Policy makers as well as health services researchers lack information on financial flows within national mental health systems. The studies that are available use different methodologies and hence it is difficult to make any comparisons. The aim of this study was to modify the existing health accounting framework and apply it to describe and analyse the financial flows within a national mental health system. Methods: Mental health expenditures are classified by the three-dimensional methodology of OECD health accounts that is extended by two other dimensions for the purpose of the study. Results: The framework of five-dimensional mental health accounts is introduced and applied to mental health expenditure in the Czech Republic, 2006. Mental health expenditure is estimated to be 4.14% of the total health expenditure. Mental health expenditure is classified based on its source of financing, provider industry, health-care function, cost category and diagnostic group. Conclusions: Health expenditure estimates present the most detailed information on resource allocation in the mental health system of the Czech Republic. The application of the standardized framework in other countries can improve the quality of international comparisons. On the national level, especially if the time series are available, mental health accounts can serve as a useful tool for strategic resource allocation decisions. This is particularly useful for the countries that plan changes in resource allocation directed from institutional to community-based care. © 2010 Springer-Verlag. Source

Stadnik B.,University of Economics in Prague
Business: Theory and Practice

Directional forecasting of a future market price development of liquid investment instruments is the focus of interest of investment companies, individual investors, banks and other financial market participants. This problematic has still not been fully answered because the market price development is a process which is very close to a random walk and appropriate models are still under the discussion. The opportunities can be used for the better prediction, their usage for profit making, quantification and also their discussion according to the current financial market models (models with the direction or the volatility dependence) is the core of the paper. The purpose of this research is also to simplify the whole situation for the practitioners due to the complicated theoretical background of this financial market topic. Source

Dlouhy M.,University of Economics in Prague
BMC Health Services Research

Background: The objective of this international comparative study is to describe and compare the mental health policies in seven countries of Eastern Europe that share their common communist history: Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Moldova, Poland, Romania, and Slovakia. Methods. The health policy questionnaire was developed and the country-specific information was gathered by local experts. The questionnaire includes both qualitative and quantitative information on various aspects of mental health policy: (1) basic country information (demography, health, and economic indicators), (2) health care financing, (3) mental health services (capacities and utilisation, ownership), (4) health service purchasing (purchasing organisations, contracting, reimbursement of services), and (5) mental health policy (policy documents, legislation, civic society). Results: The social and economic transition in the 1990s initiated the process of new mental health policy formulation, adoption of mental health legislation stressing human rights of patients, and a strong call for a pragmatic balance of community and hospital services. In contrast to the development in the Western Europe, the civic society was suppressed and NGOs and similar organizations were practically non-existent or under governmental control. Mental health services are financed from the public health insurance as any other health services. There is no separate budget for mental health. We can observe that the know-how about modern mental health care and about direction of needed reforms is available in documents, policies and programmes. However, this does not mean real implementation. Conclusions: The burden of totalitarian history still influences many areas of social and economic life, which also has to be taken into account in mental health policy. We may observe that after twenty years of health reforms and reforms of health reforms, the transition of the mental health systems still continues. In spite of many reform efforts in the past, a balance of community and hospital mental health services has not been achieved in this part of the world yet. © 2014 Dlouhy; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Chytkova Z.,University of Economics in Prague
Consumption Markets and Culture

Consumer acculturation of immigrants has been treated in the literature in two different ways. While the post-assimilationist research has shown that immigrants negotiate the home and host cultures constructing multiple, hybrid identities through their consumption choices, its critics have proclaimed such results dependent on certain implicit conditions of the researched context. This study looks at the negotiation of gender roles of female immigrants as an inseparable part of consumer acculturation in a context that does not present such characteristics. The analysis of the data on immigrant women's understanding of the home and host cuisine first illustrates how such interpretation is intertwined with the gender discourses in the home and host cultures, and then how the heterogeneous reading of the foodstuffs indicate different gender identity positions. It is then shown how the immigrant women forge hybrid gender identities, yet constrained by the discourses in the home and host cultures. © 2011 Taylor & Francis. Source

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