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Prague, Czech Republic

The Faculty of Informatics and Statistics , also known as School of Informatics and Statistics is the fourth of six faculties at University of Economics, Prague. The faculty formed in 1991, following the dissolution of the Faculty of Direction. Today, its departments focus on informatics, statistics, econometrics and other mathematical methods applied to business practice.With eight departments and several research laboratories, the faculty today hosts around 3,500 students in its Bachelor, Master and Doctoral programs. Wikipedia.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2011.4.2 | Award Amount: 3.05M | Year: 2012

The goal of LT-Web is to set the foundation for the integration of language technologies into core Web technologies, via the creation of a standard defining three kinds of metadata about: 1) information in Web content being relevant for language technology processing; 2) processes for creating Web content via localisation and content management work flows; 3) language technology applications and resources used in these applications. The organizations participating in LT-Web will join the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and create a group defining the metadata standard, within the Internationalization Activity of W3C.\nUsing the credibility and outstanding position of W3C, LT-Web will create broad consensus across communities, involving producers of content, localization workers, language technology experts, browser vendors and users. W3C will help to establish a network between stakeholders in these communities, to ensure the long-term adoption of the metadata standard and future opportunities for integrating language technologies and emerging Web technologies. Finally, LT-Web will lay the technical foundations for new business opportunities, to reach out to a growing linguistic and cultural diversity of Web users in the European Union and its trade partners, and to respond to their specific needs in a timely and cost-effective manner.

Jenicek V.,University of Economics in Prague
Agricultural Economics | Year: 2010

Population regulation cannot be left just to wars, epidemics and famines in future. A mutual cooperation is necessary to accept suitable measures helping to decrease, or at least to sustain, the population at the desirable level and at the same time to improve life conditions of many inhabitants of the Earth. The mankind has the necessary knowledge and means to find the right solution. The belief into a better future is the driving force of the necessary steps. A decisive role is played by the population transition. its first phase, which still prevails in some regions, started the exponential increase of the Earth population. in the second phase, the demographic revolution causes ageing of the population. At present, the world population increments are decreasing and it can be presupposed in the long run that the size of the population will stabilise. All population increments will be the matter of developing countries, while the population of the most developed countries will stagnate or, under the influence of the de-population in some countries, even slightly decrease. Source

Dlouhy M.,University of Economics in Prague
BMC Health Services Research | Year: 2014

Background: The objective of this international comparative study is to describe and compare the mental health policies in seven countries of Eastern Europe that share their common communist history: Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Moldova, Poland, Romania, and Slovakia. Methods. The health policy questionnaire was developed and the country-specific information was gathered by local experts. The questionnaire includes both qualitative and quantitative information on various aspects of mental health policy: (1) basic country information (demography, health, and economic indicators), (2) health care financing, (3) mental health services (capacities and utilisation, ownership), (4) health service purchasing (purchasing organisations, contracting, reimbursement of services), and (5) mental health policy (policy documents, legislation, civic society). Results: The social and economic transition in the 1990s initiated the process of new mental health policy formulation, adoption of mental health legislation stressing human rights of patients, and a strong call for a pragmatic balance of community and hospital services. In contrast to the development in the Western Europe, the civic society was suppressed and NGOs and similar organizations were practically non-existent or under governmental control. Mental health services are financed from the public health insurance as any other health services. There is no separate budget for mental health. We can observe that the know-how about modern mental health care and about direction of needed reforms is available in documents, policies and programmes. However, this does not mean real implementation. Conclusions: The burden of totalitarian history still influences many areas of social and economic life, which also has to be taken into account in mental health policy. We may observe that after twenty years of health reforms and reforms of health reforms, the transition of the mental health systems still continues. In spite of many reform efforts in the past, a balance of community and hospital mental health services has not been achieved in this part of the world yet. © 2014 Dlouhy; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Chytkova Z.,University of Economics in Prague
Consumption Markets and Culture | Year: 2011

Consumer acculturation of immigrants has been treated in the literature in two different ways. While the post-assimilationist research has shown that immigrants negotiate the home and host cultures constructing multiple, hybrid identities through their consumption choices, its critics have proclaimed such results dependent on certain implicit conditions of the researched context. This study looks at the negotiation of gender roles of female immigrants as an inseparable part of consumer acculturation in a context that does not present such characteristics. The analysis of the data on immigrant women's understanding of the home and host cuisine first illustrates how such interpretation is intertwined with the gender discourses in the home and host cultures, and then how the heterogeneous reading of the foodstuffs indicate different gender identity positions. It is then shown how the immigrant women forge hybrid gender identities, yet constrained by the discourses in the home and host cultures. © 2011 Taylor & Francis. Source

Spicka J.,University of Economics in Prague
Agris On-line Papers in Economics and Informatics | Year: 2014

The mixed crop and livestock farming represents significant share in agricultural output in the Czech Republic. So, it raises questions about determinants of its production efficiency. The aim of the article is to evaluate production efficiency and its determinants of mixed crop and livestock farming among the EU regions. The DEA method with variable returns to scale (DEAVRS) reveals efficient and inefficient regions including the scale efficiency. In the next step, the two-sample t-test determines differences of economic and structural indicators between efficient and inefficient regions. The research reveals that substitution of labor by capital/ contract work positively affects income indicator Farm Net Value Added per AWU. The significant economic determinants of production efficiency in mixed type of farming are crop output per hectare, livestock output per livestock unit, productivity of energy and capital. Agricultural enterprises in inefficient regions have more extensive structure and produce more non-commodity output (public goods). Source

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