University of Economics and Innovation

Lublin, Poland

University of Economics and Innovation

Lublin, Poland

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Jarosz M.J.,Institute of Rural Healthm Lublin | Jarosz M.J.,University of Economics and Innovation
Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine | Year: 2014

Introduction. Osteoporosis is recognized by the World Health Organization as a disease associated with the progress of civilization, also called the 'epidemic of the 21st century'. Objective. An attempt to portray the level of knowledge and health behaviours of societies of selected countries of the world in the prevention of osteoporosis, based on available studies. Materials and method. Theoretical concepts and reviews of current published studies. Results. Accessible study findings conducted worldwide are not exhaustive and often present the subject in a fragmentary way. Data presented in the presented article shows that knowledge of osteoporosis among the Polish population and the population of selected countries of the world appears insufficient in the issues associated with its prophylaxis and prevention; they also testify to a disregard and lack of application of the principles of a healthier lifestyle in daily life regarding this still little-known illness. Since the number of people threatened with osteoporosis, as well as the number of bone fractures, is constantly rising, versatile action should be undertaken aimed at preventing falling ill and progression of the disease. Conclusions. After reviewing the literature, it was realized that few researchers have been interested in the issue of osteoporosis. This fact is proved by an insufficient amount of publications dealing with the subject and the problem associated with osteoporosis from the point of view of the public. The findings of presented study show that most often the subject is not portrayed as a whole, but concerns only selected preventive behaviours or learning about some risk factors.


Iwanowicz-Palus G.J.,Medical University of Lublin | Stadnicka G.,Medical University of Lublin | Wloszczak-Szubzda A.,Institute of Rural Health | Wloszczak-Szubzda A.,University of Economics and Innovation
Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine | Year: 2013

Introduction: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is the most frequent type of urinary incontinence among adult women. Objective: The objective of the study was evaluation of the effect of environmental, systemic and obstetrical factors on the development of stress urinary incontinence, and diagnosing and determination of areas in which changes could be made. Material and method: The study covered 313 females aged 30-75 living in the Lublin Region. The respondents were divided into two groups according to the clinical diagnosis, occurrence of symptoms of SUI or lack thereof: Group I-women with SUI symptoms (119), Group II-women without SUI (194). A diagnostic survey was conducted with the use of a self-designed research instrument based on the Gaudenz questionnaire, data from relevant literature and the 'competent judges' test. The following statistical tests were used to compare two structure indicators (fraction, frequency); chi-square test and t-Student test. Statistical analysis was performed by means of STATISTICA 9 (StatSoft) software. Results and conclusions: Statistically significant differences were found between the group of patients with SUI and the control group, with respect to the number of deliveries and their duration. The study showed that there is a statistically higher probability of the development of SUI in the case of surgical delivery, or natural childbirth of a baby with a birth weight of 4000 g or more. The study showed that hard physical work and past gynaecological surgeries are risk factors of urinary incontinence. Barriers of a psychosocial nature were also found (feeling of shame and embarrassment accompanying disclosure of the SUI), which minimized the respondents' participation in urinary incontinence prophylactic actions.


Wloszczak-Szubzda A.,Institute of Rural Health | Wloszczak-Szubzda A.,University of Economics and Innovation | Jarosz M.J.,Institute of Rural Health | Jarosz M.J.,University of Economics and Innovation
Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine | Year: 2013

Background: Dissonance between the high 'technical' competences of medical professionals, including physiotherapists, and the relatively low level of patient satisfaction with care received is a phenomenon observed in many countries. Many studies show that it occurs in the case of an inadequate interpersonal communication between medical professionals and patients. Objectives: The primary goal of the presented research was evaluation of the level (study of the state) of communication competences of physiotherapists, and determination of the factors on which this level depends. An additional goal was analysis of the needs and educational possibilities within the existing models of education in the area of interpersonal communication provided by higher medical education institutions. Design, setting and participants: The self-designed questionnaire and adjective check list were subject to standardization from the aspect of reliability and validity. Information available on the websites of 20 educational facilities in Poland were compared. The study group covered a total number of 115 respondents in the following subgroups: 1) occupationally-active physiotherapists who, as a rule, were not trained in interpersonal communication (35 respondents); students of physiotherapy covered by a standard educational programme (60 respondents); 3) students of physiotherapy who, in addition to a standard educational programme, attended extra courses in professional interpersonal communications (20 respondents). Results: The results of studies indicate poor efficacy of shaping communication competences of physiotherapists based on education in the area of general psychology and general interpersonal communication. Communication competences acquired during undergraduate physiotherapy education are subject to regression during occupational activity. Conclusions: Methods of evaluating communication competences are useful in constructing group and individual programmes focused on specific communication competences, rather than on general communication skills.


Goniewicz M.,School of Economics and Law in Kielce | Goniewicz K.,University of Economics and Innovation
European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery | Year: 2013

Introduction: International humanitarian law affords special protection to medical property and personnel whose mission is to save lives and provide health care for civilians and combatants alike. Discussion: This paper presents the legal aspects of medical-personnel protection in armed conflicts. Presented below are examples of the Afghanistan analyses where, as a result of war situations, people are most vulnerable. Discussed are the minimum protection and standards applicable to such situations specified by the international humanitarian law. Conclusion: Its rules and provisions obligate fighting parties to take all necessary measures to protect and respect medical missions in all circumstances. © 2013 The Author(s).


Wloszczak-Szubzda A.,Institute of Rural Health | Wloszczak-Szubzda A.,University of Economics and Innovation | Jarosz M.J.,Institute of Rural Health | Jarosz M.J.,University of Economics and Innovation
Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine | Year: 2013

Background: A dissonance between high 'technical' professionalism of nurses and a relatively low level of patient satisfaction with received care is a phenomenon observed in many countries. Method: Theoretical concept and review of current published studies. Discussion: Most reviewed studies show that a low level of patient satisfaction occurs in the case of an inadequate interpersonal communication between nurses and patients. Most studies indicate poor effectiveness of shaping communication competences of nurses based on standard education in the area of general psychology and communication knowledge, because this knowledge does not convert itself 'spontaneously' into communication competences during occupational activity. Conclusions: It is necessary to supplement educational programmes for nurses with practical courses in professional interpersonal communication. International experience exchange concerning the shaping of nurses' communication competences may be limited due to cultural, organizational and systems factors.


Wloszczak-Szubzda A.,Institute of Rural Health | Wloszczak-Szubzda A.,University of Economics and Innovation | Jarosz M.J.,Institute of Rural Health | Jarosz M.J.,University of Economics and Innovation
Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine | Year: 2012

Introduction: Dissonance between the high 'technical' professionalism of nurses and the relatively low level of patient satisfaction with care received is a phenomenon observed in many countries. Many studies show that it occurs in the case of an inadequate interpersonal communication between nurses and patients. Methods: Three basic scopes of communication competences were involved in the research process: a) motivation, b) knowledge, c) skills, and the following three methods were used: 1) documentation analysis (standards, plans and educational programmes); 2) diagnostic survey concerning professional communication competences of nurses in nursing care - a questionnaire form designed by the authors; 3) self-reported communication skills in nursing care - adjective check list. The study group covered a total number of 108 respondents in the following subgroups: 1) professional nurses who, as a rule, were not trained in interpersonal communication (42 respondents); students of nursing covered by a standard educational programme (46 respondents); 3) students of nursing who, in addition to a standard educational programme, attended extra courses in professional interpersonal communications nursing (20 respondents). The data obtained were subjected to statistical analysis with the use of descriptive statistics and hypothesis testing. Results: The results of studies indicate poor efficacy of shaping communication competences of nurses based on education in the area of general psychology and general interpersonal communication. Communication competences acquired during undergraduate nursing education, are subject to regression during occupational activity. Discussion: Methods of evaluating communication competences are useful in constructing group and individual programmes focused on specific communication competences rather than on general communication skills.


Dziemidok P.,Institute of Public Health | Makara-Studzinska M.,Medical University of Lublin | Jarosz M.J.,Institute of Rural Health | Jarosz M.J.,University of Economics and Innovation
Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine | Year: 2011

The article presents a review of current medical and psychological literature published between 2000 - 2010, with the use of the PubMed database, concerning the occurrence of anxiety and depression in diabetic patients, with particular consideration of those affected by complications. Anxiety and fear are the most frequent emotional disorders among diabetic patients. Depression occurs in approximately 30% of patients with diabetes. Both diabetes and depression belong to so called 'life style' or 'civilization diseases'. Numerous studies have confirmed that the course of depression in patients with diabetes is more severe, and the relapses of depression episodes are more frequent. The studies show that diabetic patients experience various types of psychosocial and emotional problems due to which the monitoring of own state of health is not the priority in life. In the process of treatment of both sole diabetes and concomitant anxiety and depression it is important to adjust and motivate patients to apply widely understood therapeutic recommendations. The treatment of depression syndrome in the course of diabetes does not have to lead to improvement in glycaemic control. The following factors influencing the therapeutic effect should be mentioned: duration of diabetes, presence of complications, and the effect of the drugs applied on body weight, or possibly initial diabetes management. It seems, therefore, that the patient education model based on the provision of knowledge concerning diabetes and its complications, methods of treatment, principles of nutrition and health-promoting life style, may be insufficient, at least for patients with depression. The results of a review of reports shows that an optimum treatment of diabetes, in accordance with the current state of knowledge, requires from physicians a special consideration of psychological and psychiatric knowledge for the 2 following reasons: 1) effectiveness of therapy to a high degree depends on the proper behaviour of a patient; 2) considerably more frequent, compared to the total population, occurrence of the symptoms of emotional disorders negatively affect the course of diabetes.


Dulebova L.,Technical University of Košice | Duleba B.,Technical University of Košice | Krzyzak A.,University of economics and Innovation
Advanced Materials Research | Year: 2014

This study presents the evaluation of selected mechanical tests of polymer composites which were re-processed. Materials Valox PBT (with 30 % glass fibre) and Celanex® 2004-2 PBT (without filler) and their regranulate were used at tests. The material PBT - regranulate PBT compositions investigated were 100/0, 80/20, 60/40, 30/70 and 0/100. Samples from PBT were prepared by injection molding and their mechanical properties were tested by tensile test and Shore hardness test. The material made from 100% recycled material compared to the baseline had a decrease in tensile strength and Shore hardness value hasn't changed. Failure of the samples was also observed by SEM. Utilization of regranulate at the production of new moulded parts are important from aspect of reduction plastics waste and pollution abatement of environment. © (2014) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.


Koszalka G.,Lublin University of Technology | Niewczas A.,University of Economics and Innovation | Pieniak D.,Main School of Fire Service
Proceedings of 2012 International Conference on Quality, Reliability, Risk, Maintenance, and Safety Engineering, ICQR2MSE 2012 | Year: 2012

The article shows an analysis of the reliability of a compression-ignition engine used in a medium duty truck. The criterion for the reliability assessment was the decrease in combustion chamber tightness. The analysis was based on the results of compression pressure tests and leak-down tests conducted during a long-term operation of 5 trucks. Experimental survival functions and then continuous reliability functions, fitted to the empirical ones, were determined along with the failure rate functions. © 2012 IEEE.


Krzyzak A.,University of economics and Innovation | Valis D.,University of economics and Innovation
Safety and Reliability: Methodology and Applications - Proceedings of the European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2014 | Year: 2015

The paper deals with selected aspects of safety features of polymer composites with natural fibres. These kinds of composites have been starting to be used quite widely in the technical industry like automotive and aerospace, etc. Our paper will present approaches for selection of those properties and features of polymer composites which are to be used for an event cause description. In this paper we will present selected mechanical properties and qualities which usually create the fundamental point of view in terms of decision about the applicability of polymer composites. The materials measures like strength, hardness and elasticity play vital role in terms of physical in-situ applicability. Such properties are firstly observed and assessed in terms of system and object safety parameters. © 2015 Taylor & Francis Group.

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