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Iwanowicz-Palus G.J.,Medical University of Lublin | Stadnicka G.,Medical University of Lublin | Wloszczak-Szubzda A.,Institute of Rural Health | Wloszczak-Szubzda A.,University of Economics and Innovation
Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine | Year: 2013

Introduction: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is the most frequent type of urinary incontinence among adult women. Objective: The objective of the study was evaluation of the effect of environmental, systemic and obstetrical factors on the development of stress urinary incontinence, and diagnosing and determination of areas in which changes could be made. Material and method: The study covered 313 females aged 30-75 living in the Lublin Region. The respondents were divided into two groups according to the clinical diagnosis, occurrence of symptoms of SUI or lack thereof: Group I-women with SUI symptoms (119), Group II-women without SUI (194). A diagnostic survey was conducted with the use of a self-designed research instrument based on the Gaudenz questionnaire, data from relevant literature and the 'competent judges' test. The following statistical tests were used to compare two structure indicators (fraction, frequency); chi-square test and t-Student test. Statistical analysis was performed by means of STATISTICA 9 (StatSoft) software. Results and conclusions: Statistically significant differences were found between the group of patients with SUI and the control group, with respect to the number of deliveries and their duration. The study showed that there is a statistically higher probability of the development of SUI in the case of surgical delivery, or natural childbirth of a baby with a birth weight of 4000 g or more. The study showed that hard physical work and past gynaecological surgeries are risk factors of urinary incontinence. Barriers of a psychosocial nature were also found (feeling of shame and embarrassment accompanying disclosure of the SUI), which minimized the respondents' participation in urinary incontinence prophylactic actions. Source

Goniewicz M.,School of Economics and Law in Kielce | Goniewicz K.,University of Economics and Innovation
European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery | Year: 2013

Introduction: International humanitarian law affords special protection to medical property and personnel whose mission is to save lives and provide health care for civilians and combatants alike. Discussion: This paper presents the legal aspects of medical-personnel protection in armed conflicts. Presented below are examples of the Afghanistan analyses where, as a result of war situations, people are most vulnerable. Discussed are the minimum protection and standards applicable to such situations specified by the international humanitarian law. Conclusion: Its rules and provisions obligate fighting parties to take all necessary measures to protect and respect medical missions in all circumstances. © 2013 The Author(s). Source

Dziemidok P.,Institute of Public Health | Makara-Studzinska M.,Medical University of Lublin | Jarosz M.J.,Institute of Rural Health | Jarosz M.J.,University of Economics and Innovation
Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine | Year: 2011

The article presents a review of current medical and psychological literature published between 2000 - 2010, with the use of the PubMed database, concerning the occurrence of anxiety and depression in diabetic patients, with particular consideration of those affected by complications. Anxiety and fear are the most frequent emotional disorders among diabetic patients. Depression occurs in approximately 30% of patients with diabetes. Both diabetes and depression belong to so called 'life style' or 'civilization diseases'. Numerous studies have confirmed that the course of depression in patients with diabetes is more severe, and the relapses of depression episodes are more frequent. The studies show that diabetic patients experience various types of psychosocial and emotional problems due to which the monitoring of own state of health is not the priority in life. In the process of treatment of both sole diabetes and concomitant anxiety and depression it is important to adjust and motivate patients to apply widely understood therapeutic recommendations. The treatment of depression syndrome in the course of diabetes does not have to lead to improvement in glycaemic control. The following factors influencing the therapeutic effect should be mentioned: duration of diabetes, presence of complications, and the effect of the drugs applied on body weight, or possibly initial diabetes management. It seems, therefore, that the patient education model based on the provision of knowledge concerning diabetes and its complications, methods of treatment, principles of nutrition and health-promoting life style, may be insufficient, at least for patients with depression. The results of a review of reports shows that an optimum treatment of diabetes, in accordance with the current state of knowledge, requires from physicians a special consideration of psychological and psychiatric knowledge for the 2 following reasons: 1) effectiveness of therapy to a high degree depends on the proper behaviour of a patient; 2) considerably more frequent, compared to the total population, occurrence of the symptoms of emotional disorders negatively affect the course of diabetes. Source

Dulebova L.,Technical University of Kosice | Duleba B.,Technical University of Kosice | Krzyzak A.,University of Economics and Innovation
Advanced Materials Research | Year: 2014

This study presents the evaluation of selected mechanical tests of polymer composites which were re-processed. Materials Valox PBT (with 30 % glass fibre) and Celanex® 2004-2 PBT (without filler) and their regranulate were used at tests. The material PBT - regranulate PBT compositions investigated were 100/0, 80/20, 60/40, 30/70 and 0/100. Samples from PBT were prepared by injection molding and their mechanical properties were tested by tensile test and Shore hardness test. The material made from 100% recycled material compared to the baseline had a decrease in tensile strength and Shore hardness value hasn't changed. Failure of the samples was also observed by SEM. Utilization of regranulate at the production of new moulded parts are important from aspect of reduction plastics waste and pollution abatement of environment. © (2014) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland. Source

Koszalka G.,Lublin University of Technology | Niewczas A.,University of Economics and Innovation | Pieniak D.,Main School of Fire Service
Proceedings of 2012 International Conference on Quality, Reliability, Risk, Maintenance, and Safety Engineering, ICQR2MSE 2012 | Year: 2012

The article shows an analysis of the reliability of a compression-ignition engine used in a medium duty truck. The criterion for the reliability assessment was the decrease in combustion chamber tightness. The analysis was based on the results of compression pressure tests and leak-down tests conducted during a long-term operation of 5 trucks. Experimental survival functions and then continuous reliability functions, fitted to the empirical ones, were determined along with the failure rate functions. © 2012 IEEE. Source

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