Amri F.,University of Economic Sciences
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2017
This study aims to explore economic growth-energy consumption nexus in Algeria between 1980 and 2012. With cointegration tests, we demonstrate the existence of long-run link between real gross domestic product, real capital and the two categories of energy consumption i.e renewable energy per capita and non-renewable energy. The long-run and the short-run autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) estimates indicate that only the non-renewable energy sort and capital can contribute to enhancing economic growth whereas renewable energy does not show any significant effect. The outcome of causality tests proves a feedback link among non-renewable energy consumption and gross domestic product, among capital and gross domestic product, and among non-renewable energy and capital, in both short-run and long-run terms. Moreover, the results reveal a unidirectional link going from renewable energy to economic growth, capital, and non-renewable energy respectively, in the long run. Furthermore, the results illustrate the presence of a unidirectional link going from non-renewable energy to renewable energy in the short term. Our outcome suggests that policy makers in Algeria should enhance the renewable energy share together with controlling the non-renewable one. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd
Weiss C.C.,University of Economic Sciences |
Baker-Smith E.C.,University of Economic Sciences
Journal of Research on Adolescence | Year: 2010
We examine a set of academic and social outcomes in 9th grade, comparing middle school attendees with those who attended K-8 schools. Previous research with these data has shown that there are few differences in 8th-grade outcomes by school type. Here we extend these findings to determine whether school form influences student outcomes in the first year of high school. The results reveal several domains in which attendance at a middle school results in worse outcomes (e.g., greater rates of course failure); however, we find that a large portion of the difference by type of a student's 8th-grade school is accounted for by differential rates of attendance at the district's magnet schools. That is, our results indicate that type of school attended during the middle grades is significantly and positively related to magnet school attendance and thereby on the academic outcomes in the 9th-grade year. © 2010 The Authors. Journal of Research on Adolescence © 2010 Society for Research on Adolescence.
Amri F.,University of Economic Sciences
Environmental Science and Pollution Research | Year: 2017
This study examines the relation between CO2 emissions, income, non-renewable, and renewable energy consumption in Algeria during the period extending from 1980 to 2011. Our work gives particular attention to the validity of environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis. The autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) with break point method outcome demonstrates the positive effect of non-renewable type of energy on CO2 emissions consumption. On the contrary, the results reveal an insignificant effect of renewable energy on environment improvement. Moreover, the results accept the existence of EKC hypothesis but the highest gross domestic product value in logarithm scale of our data is inferior to the estimated turning point. Consequently, policy-makers in Algeria should expand the ratio of renewable energy and should decrease the quota of non-renewable energy consumption. © 2017 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Khalili-Damghani K.,Islamic Azad University at Tehran |
Abtahi A.-R.,University of Economic Sciences |
Tavana M.,Philadelphia University
Reliability Engineering and System Safety | Year: 2013
In this paper, a new dynamic self-adaptive multi-objective particle swarm optimization (DSAMOPSO) method is proposed to solve binary-state multi-objective reliability redundancy allocation problems (MORAPs). A combination of penalty function and modification strategies is used to handle the constraints in the MORAPs. A dynamic self-adaptive penalty function strategy is utilized to handle the constraints. A heuristic cost-benefit ratio is also supplied to modify the structure of violated swarms. An adaptive survey is conducted using several test problems to illustrate the performance of the proposed DSAMOPSO method. An efficient version of the epsilon-constraint (AUGMECON) method, a modified non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm (NSGA-II) method, and a customized time-variant multi-objective particle swarm optimization (cTV-MOPSO) method are used to generate non-dominated solutions for the test problems. Several properties of the DSAMOPSO method, such as fast-ranking, evolutionary-based operators, elitism, crowding distance, dynamic parameter tuning, and tournament global best selection, improved the best known solutions of the benchmark cases of the MORAP. Moreover, different accuracy and diversity metrics illustrated the relative preference of the DSAMOPSO method over the competing approaches in the literature. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Tavana M.,Philadelphia University |
Tavana M.,University of Paderborn |
Abtahi A.-R.,University of Economic Sciences |
Khalili-Damghani K.,Islamic Azad University at Tehran
Expert Systems with Applications | Year: 2014
Considering the trade-offs between conflicting objectives in project scheduling problems (PSPs) is a difficult task. We propose a new multi-objective multi-mode model for solving discrete time-cost-quality trade-off problems (DTCQTPs) with preemption and generalized precedence relations. The proposed model has three unique features: (1) preemption of activities (with some restrictions as a minimum time before the first interruption, a maximum number of interruptions for each activity, and a maximum time between interruption and restarting); (2) simultaneous optimization of conflicting objectives (i.e., time, cost, and quality); and (3) generalized precedence relations between activities. These assumptions are often consistent with real-life projects. A customized, dynamic, and self-adaptive version of a multi-objective evolutionary algorithm is proposed to solve the scheduling problem. The proposed multi-objective evolutionary algorithm is compared with an efficient multi-objective mathematical programming technique known as the efficient ε-constraint method. The comparison is based on a number of performance metrics commonly used in multi-objective optimization. The results show the relative dominance of the proposed multi-objective evolutionary algorithm over the ε-constraint method. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Wagner U.,University of Economic Sciences
Quality Management in Health Care | Year: 2010
Objective: The more complex a medical device is, the more difficult it is to control the hazards associated with its use. A substantial percentage of harm or injuries to patients resulting from treatment can be attributed to errors. No one knows exactly how many victims have been claimed by medical errors. Studies from the United States and other countries show that 3% to 4% of all hospital patients suffer harm or injuries. This text is intended to provide a practice-oriented approach to the discussion of targeted improvement opportunities in connection with a superficial consideration of the sociotechnical system comprising the manufacturers, the medical devices, and the users in the health facilities. Method: Analysis of the risk reports received by the Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices (Bundesinstitut für Arzneimittel und Medizinprodukte) in connection with undesirable events involving the use of medical devices. Supplementary consideration of additional data from previous human factors research in the field of medicine. The evaluation period for the primary data focuses on the years 2005 to 2008. A differentiation is made between the error causal factors, man, and device. Results: A substantial percentage of the incidents that occurred can be attributed to human blunders. Within the scope of an evaluation of more than 16 000 risk reports in connection with medical devices, 5000 risk reports could not be directly attributed to the failure of a medical device. The lack of an error culture seems to be a considerable problem. Conclusion: The safe and reliable development and use of medical devices requires efficient and consistent risk management. Until now, human factors are not sufficiently considered when identifying sources of errors in sociotechnical systems. The useful data required for an extensive risk assessment are missing. An interface-overlapping method of solution is required which permits system-analytical and unbiased error handling and integrates all stakeholders. © 2010 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Amri F.,University of Economic Sciences
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2016
The current study inspects the nexus amongst energy consumption, FDI inflows and output in 75 countries meantime the period 1990–2010. We further examine this relationship with regard to developed as well as developing countries assembled from diverse geographic regions from the world. The present results display that there is proof of bidirectional linkage concerning FDI and output per capita, concerning renewable energy consumption and gross domestic product per capita and concerning non-renewable energy and gross domestic product per capita in the three groups of countries (developed, all, and developing). In addition, the judgments detect a bidirectional linkage concerning renewable energy consumption and FDI in developed countries. An increase of 1% rate in renewable energy participates to improving FDI by 0.185 % and at the same time an increase of FDI contributes to enhancing renewable energy by 0.292%. Nevertheless, in the case of all and developing countries, the results discover unidirectional link moving from foreign inflows to both sorts of energy. In conclusion, the policy recommendations of our empirical results are taken into consideration. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd
Kouakou A.K.,University of Economic Sciences
Energy Policy | Year: 2011
This paper examines the causal relationship between the electric power industry and the economic growth of Cote d'Ivoire. Using the data from 1971 to 2008, a test was conducted for the cointegration and Granger causality within an error correction model. Results from these tests reveal a bidirectional causality between per capita electricity consumption and per capita GDP. A unidirectional causality running from electricity consumption to industry value added appears in the short run. Economic growth is found to have great effects on electricity consumption and a reverse causality from electricity to economic growth may also appear. In the long run, there is a unidirectional causality between electricity and both GDP and industry value added. From these findings, we conclude that the country will be energy dependent in the long run and must therefore secure the production network from shortfalls to ensure a sustainable development path. Accordingly, government should adopt policies aimed at increasing the investment in the sector by stepping up electricity production from existing and new energy sources. © 2011 Elsevier Ltdl.
Smith A.C.H.,University of Economic Sciences
Carbon Management | Year: 2016
This paper reviews the use of organizational greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions data by investors. It then asks if comparisons between organizations may be affected by a specific aspect of GHG accounting methodology: the choice of organizational boundary. The effect of boundary choice is rarely quantified, but the paper draws together a limited number of cases where this has been done. One case is found in which a different boundary choice changes the scope 1 emission figure by 73%. The paper presents exploratory interview evidence on organizations’ reasons for boundary selection and then reviews the approach taken in the recently introduced UK mandatory carbon reporting regulations. It concludes that further research is justified on the effect of boundary choice on corporate GHG emission figures and that the approach of the Climate Change Reporting Framework may offer a path to comparable data while allowing reporting organizations some flexibility. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
Falkowski J.,University of Economic Sciences
Agricultural Economics | Year: 2012
Numerous studies have shown that processing and retail industries have actively assisted farmers in joining the modern food marketing systems. Data from the Polish dairy sector show that assistance is provided not only for the traditional-channel farmers wishing to modernize, but also for farmers already included in the modern marketing channel. Two explanations can be provided to account for this phenomenon. One, even modern-channel farmers may lack sufficient funds to maintain required quality/quantity on their own. Two, it may be the case that even after undertaking necessary adjustments, modern-channel farmers are more likely to quit their relationship with a processor and turn elsewhere, in which case assistance is provided to prevent them from defecting. Using farm-level data, we investigate the impact of supply chain modernization on farmers' access to credit and their loyalty toward processors. Our results do not provide compelling evidence to support either hypothesis, suggesting at most a partial explanation for the existence of vertical linkages between processors and modern-channel farmers in Poland. © 2011 International Association of Agricultural Economists.