The University of East London is a newly established public university in the London Borough of Newham, London, England, based at three campuses in Stratford and Docklands, following the opening of University Square Stratford in September 2013. The university can trace its roots back to 1892, gaining university status in 1992. It has more than 28,000 students from 120 countries. Wikipedia.
Tkatchenko-Schmidt E.,University of East London
Health policy and planning | Year: 2010
INTRODUCTION: Studies on the relevance of stronger health systems to the success of vertical programmes has focused mainly on developing countries with fragile infrastructures and limited human resources. Research in middle-income, and particularly post-Soviet, settings has been scarce. This article examines the relationships between health system characteristics and the HIV response in Russia, the country which towards the end of the Soviet period had the world's highest ratios of doctors and hospital beds to population and yet struggled to address the growing threat of HIV/AIDS. METHODS: The study is based on semi-structured qualitative interviews with policy-makers and senior health care managers in two Russian regions, and a review of published and unpublished sources on health systems and HIV in Russia. FINDINGS: We identified a number of factors associated with the system's failure to address the epidemic. We argue that these factors are not unique to HIV/AIDS. The features of the wider health system within which the HIV response was set up influenced the structure and capacities of the programme, particularly its regulatory and clinical orientation; the discrepancy between formal commitments and implementation; the focus on screening services; and problems with scaling up interventions targeting high-risk groups. DISCUSSION: The system-programme interplay is as important in middle-income countries as in poorer settings. An advanced health care infrastructure cannot protect health systems from potential failures in the delivery of vertical programmes. The HIV response cannot be effective, efficient and responsive to the needs of the population if the broader health system does not adhere to the same principles. Strengthening HIV responses in post-Soviet societies will require improvements in their wider health systems, namely advocacy of prevention for high-risk populations, reallocation of resources from curative towards preventive services, building decision-making capacities at the local level, and developing better working environments for health care staff.
De Angelis M.,University of East London
Antipode | Year: 2010
This paper builds on the author's previous theoretical work on the role of processes such as enclosures, market discipline and governance. It discusses the middle class in terms of a stratified field of subjectivity within the planetary wage hierarchy produced by these processes. It discusses the thesis that the middle class, qua middle class, will never be able to contribute to bring about a fundamental change in the capitalist system of livelihood reproduction. The production in common centered on middle class values-however historically and culturally specific they are-is always production in common within the system. Our common action as middle class action, whether as consumers, workers, or citizens, reproduces the system of value and value hierarchy that is the benchmark, the referent point for our cooperation. The paper then discusses some of the implications of the conundrum faced by those who seek alternatives: there will be no " beginning of history" without the middle class, nor there will be one with the middle class. © 2010 The Author Antipode © 2010 Editorial Board of Antipode.
Mason K.,University of East London |
Whitehead M.,Aberystwyth University
Antipode | Year: 2012
This paper explores the contested construction of more relational urban imaginaries within a movement that is simultaneously committed to enhanced systems of care for distant places/others, and intensified regimes of (re)localisation. Transition Culture initiatives explore 'how to prepare for a carbon constrained, energy lean world' and stem from a concern for a post peak-oil global future. While the radical political openness of Transition Culture is in keeping with the vision of a more diverse polity imagined by advocates of relational space (for instance Amin, 2004), we argue that this openness is predicated upon an apolitical pragmatism that masks latent tensions between an environmentally benign localism and an ethics of care at-a-distance. If a transitional ethics of space occupies the uncertain ground between a relational and territorial geographical imagination, the Transition Culture movement provides a rich context within which to explore the ethical conundrums that stem from different tactics of place-making. © 2011 The Authors Antipode © 2011 Editorial Board of Antipode.
Tucker I.,University of East London
Environment and Planning D: Society and Space | Year: 2010
Theorising psychological activity as a spatial product appears a logical extension of moves in social theory to emphasise the role of space and place in the consideration of experience. Catalysed by turns in social and human geographies to highlight the role of space and location in constituting psychological activity, various forms of the 'spatialisation of experience' have emerged. In this paper I will follow this theoretical direction in relation to the underlying destabilisation of everyday life that emerges as a product of theoretical formations that emphasise the fluidity of space. More specifically, I will take the example of the home as a central space in the ongoing activity of people with enduring mental distress. Forging a theoretical line that takes in geographies of mental health, the home, and finally, Gilles Deleuze's work on 'repetition' and 'habit', I will analyse the role of home spaces in everyday life. Key here is a concern regarding the impact of theoretical emphases on continuity, mobility, and instability on understandings of the everyday lives of mental health service users. This includes addressing conceptualisations of the home space alongside the activities of the people who occupy, and hence co-make, such spaces. The article concludes by framing 'spatial habituation' of the everyday as central to creating a perceivable stability, analysis of which can aid understanding of the challenges facing people suffering with mental distress. © 2010 Pion Ltd and its Licensors.
Cutler S.J.,University of East London
Journal of Applied Microbiology | Year: 2010
Borrelial relapsing fever was once a major worldwide epidemic disease that made a significant impact on Livingstone during his epic travels through Africa and throughout Europe. Indeed, the term 'relapsing fever' was first used to describe clinical cases of this disease in Edinburgh. During the last century, we have witnessed the demise of the louse-borne infection, largely through improving standards of living resulting in a reduction in body lice, the vector for Borrelia recurrentis [louse-borne relapsing fever (LBRF)]. The tick-borne zoonotic form of the disease persists in endemic foci around the world [tick-borne relapsing fever (TBRF)]. Indeed, TBRF is reportedly the most common bacterial infection from Senegal and listed within the top ten causes of mortality in children under five in Tanzania. In Ethiopia, LBRF is again within the top ten causes of hospital admission, associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Despite these figures, many now regard relapsing fever as an unusual tropical disease. Certainly, recent cases have been imported following travel from endemic zones. More surprisingly, cases have been reported following family reunions in Colorado, USA. A further case was reported from the Mt Wilson observatory in Los Angeles, USA. In many regions, the infection is zoonotic with natural reservoirs in several vertebrate species. In West Africa, infection is again primarily zoonotic. Whether those species found predominantly in East Africa are zoonoses or are infections of humans alone is still debated, however, the life cycle may be determined by the feeding preferences of their arthropod vectors. © 2009 The Author.