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Dubai, United Arab Emirates

This paper presents case study findings of exploratory research on the growth of Event Tourism in Dubai, UAE. Dubai targeted tourism as a growth industry in the 1990s and is now emerging as a world-class event destination. The research takes an epistemological approach in exploring theoretical knowledge of tourism events along with practical knowledge of their development and delivery. Utilizing a typology of Dubai events and a narrative of their growth, a conceptual framework is developed to guide related research into the behaviour of event tourists. Findings show Dubai has applied a diverse strategic approach in developing a strong brand image and events have significantly contributed to this as a brand extension, a key brand element, and as a co-branding partner. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group Source

Azzam A.M.,University of Dubai | Azzam A.M.,University of Nebraska - Lincoln | Rettab B.,Economic Research and Sustainable Business
Food Policy | Year: 2012

The recent and expected continuing rise in food prices has re-ignited concern and discussion in the United Arab Emirates about the country's vulnerability to food supply shocks. Defining vulnerability as the compensating variation relative to household income, we find that although UAE households in the lowest income quintile spend on food on average less than a quarter of what households in the highest income quintile spend, the former are 3.5 times more vulnerable to rising prices of food imports than the latter. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Hamidi S.,University of Dubai
Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation | Year: 2016

Background: The Palestinian government has been under increasing pressure to improve provision of health services while seeking to effectively employ its scare resources. Governmental hospitals remain the leading costly units as they consume about 60 % of governmental health budget. A clearer understanding of the technical efficiency of hospitals is crucial to shape future health policy reforms. In this paper, we used stochastic frontier analysis to measure technical efficiency of governmental hospitals, the first of its kind nationally. Methods: We estimated maximum likelihood random-effects and time-invariant efficiency model developed by Battese and Coelli, 1988. Number of beds, number of doctors, number of nurses, and number of non-medical staff, were used as the input variables, and sum of number of treated inpatients and outpatients was used as output variable. Our dataset includes balanced panel data of 22 governmental hospitals over a period of 6 years. Cobb-Douglas function, translog function, and multi-output distance function were estimated using STATA 12. Results: The average technical efficiency of hospitals was approximately 55 %, and ranged from 28 to 91 %. Doctors and nurses appear to be the most important factors in hospital production, as 1 % increase in number of doctors, results in an increase in the production of the hospital of 0.33 and 0.51 %, respectively. If hospitals increase all inputs by 1 %, their production would increase by 0.74 %. Hospitals production process has a decrease return to scale. Conclusion: Despite continued investment in governmental hospitals, they remained relatively inefficient. Using the existing amount of resources, the amount of delivered outputs can be improved 45 % which provides insight into mismanagement of available resources. To address hospital inefficiency, it is important to increase the numbers of doctors and nurses. The number of non-medical staff should be reduced. Offering the option of early retirement, limit hiring, and transfer to primary health care centers are possible options. It is crucial to maintain a rich clinical skill-mix when implementing such measures. Adopting interventions to improve the quality of management in hospitals will improve efficiency. International benchmarking provides more insights on sources of hospital inefficiency. © 2016 Hamidi. Source

El-Maamiry A.A.,University of Dubai
2014 the 5th International Conference on Information and Communication Technology for the Muslim World, ICT4M 2014 | Year: 2014

The study investigated use of electronic resource by students of College of Business Administration and College of Information Technology. That is, it examined possible factors and problems in their searching habits, information seeking, use and retrieval in satisfying their needs. Therefore, the study focused on information seeking behaviour of students and barriers to utilizing online resources to execute academic tasks. © 2014 IEEE. Source

This article studies the effect of electronic commerce on perceptions of export barriers in a developing country. Five categories of export barriers were evaluated in this study, including organizational barriers, operational barriers, psychological barriers, product and market barriers, and psychic distance barriers. Findings indicate that perceptions of organizational, operational, psychological, and product and market barriers did not differ significantly based on whether the exporters used electronic commerce or not. However, perceptions of psychic distance barriers were significantly higher in companies with Web sites. Psychic distance barriers included ignorance of the need to conduct research in foreign markets and difficulties with foreign representatives. Results show that the pattern of perception of barriers to export depended upon the kinds of barriers. The study contributes to an improved understanding of the use of electronic commerce for exporting small and medium enterprises in developing countries. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Source

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