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Bilbao, Spain

The University of Deusto is a Spanish Jesuit university, with campuses in Bilbao and San Sebastián. It is the oldest private university in Spain and is considered to be one of the most prestigious universities in the country. Wikipedia.

This randomized controlled trial compares the effect of a dance movement therapy (DMT) group intervention on stress management improvement and stress reduction with a wait-listed control group (WG). 162 self-selected clients suffering from stress were randomly assigned to a WG or a DMT intervention that received 10 group therapy sessions. Stress management [Stressverarbeitungsfragebogen/SVF 120], psychopathology and overall distress (Brief Symptom Inventory/BSI) were evaluated at baseline (t1: pre-test), immediately after completion of the ten sessions DMT group intervention (t2: post-test), and 6 months after the DMT treatment (t3: follow-up test). Analysis of variance was calculated to evaluate the between-group (time × condition) and within-group (time) effect of the DMT intervention. Negative stress management strategies decreased significantly in the short-term at t2 (p< .005) and long-term at t3 (p< .05), Positive Strategy Distraction improved significantly in the short-term (p< .10), as well as Relaxation (p< .10). Significant short-term improvements were observed in the BSI psychological distress scales Obsessive-Compulsive (p< .05), Interpersonal Sensitivity (p< .10), Depression (p< .05), Anxiety (p< .005), Phobic Anxiety (p< .01), Psychoticism (p< .05), and in Positive Symptom Distress (p< .02). Significant long-term improvement in psychological distress through DMT existed in Interpersonal Sensitivity (p< .05), Depression (p< .000), Phobic Anxiety (p< .05), Paranoid Thinking (p< .005), Psychoticism (p< .05), and Global Severity Index (p< .01). Results indicate that DMT group treatment is more effective to improve stress management and reduce psychological distress than non-treatment. DMT effects last over time. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. Source

The schema therapy model posits that maltreatment generates early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) that lead to the development of emotional disorders throughout the life span. The model also stipulates that temperament moderates the influence of maltreatment on EMSs. This study examines (a) whether emotional abuse perpetrated by parents and peers, both alone and interactively with temperament, predicts the worsening of EMSs; and (b) whether EMSs in turn predict an increase in depressive and social anxiety symptoms in adolescents. A total of 1,052 adolescents (Mage=13.43; SD=1.29) were assessed at three time points, each of which was separated by 6 months. The subjects completed measures of emotional abuse by parents and peers, neuroticism, extraversion, EMSs, depressive symptoms, and social anxiety. The findings indicate that emotional bullying victimization and neuroticism predict a worsening of all schema domains over time. Contrary to expectations, there was no significant interaction between temperament dimensions and emotional abuse. The results confirmed the mediational hypothesis that changes in EMSs mediated the predictive association between bullying victimization and emotional symptoms. This study provides partial support for the schema therapy model by demonstrating the role of emotional abuse and temperament in the genesis of EMSs. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Minondo A.,University of Deusto
Regional Studies

MINONDO A. Exports' productivity and growth across Spanish regions, Regional Studies. According to recent studies, countries specialized in goods associated with high productivity levels grow faster than countries specialized in goods associated with low productivity levels. This paper analyses whether that relationship also takes place at the regional level. Using a unique, highly disaggregated, regional trade database, the productivity level associated with Spanish provinces' exports is calculated and whether provinces that latch on more productive exports have achieved higher rates of growth is analysed. The results show that there is also a positive link between exports' productivity and growth at a regional level. © 2010 Regional Studies Association. Source

Castanedo F.,University of Deusto
The Scientific World Journal

The integration of data and knowledge from several sources is known as data fusion. This paper summarizes the state of the data fusion field and describes the most relevant studies. We first enumerate and explain different classification schemes for data fusion. Then, the most common algorithms are reviewed. These methods and algorithms are presented using three different categories: (i) data association, (ii) state estimation, and (iii) decision fusion. © 2013 Federico Castanedo. Source

Bacigalupe G.,University of Deusto
Families, Systems and Health

The exponential growth, variety, and sophistication of the information communication technologies (ICTs) plus their growing accessibility are transforming how clinical practitioners, patients, and their families can work together. Social technologies are the ICTs tools that augment the ability of people to communicate and collaborate despite obstacles of geography and time. There is still little empirical research on the impact of social technologies in the case of collaborative health. Defining a set of social technologies with potential for developing, sustaining, and strengthening the collaborative health agenda should prove useful for practitioners and researchers. This paper is based on an extensive review of the literature focusing on emerging technologies and the experience of the author as a consultant to health care professionals learning about social technologies. A note of caution is required: the phenomenon is complex and hard to describe in writing (a medium very different from the technologies themselves). Hardware and software are in continuous development and the iterative adaptation of the emergent social technologies for new forms of virtual communication. © 2011 American Psychological Association. Source

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