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The changes the territory and the landscape have been through after the tsunami on February 27, 2010 have been quite significant: some urban nucleuses were practically "wiped out" by the hydrodynamic power of the water, others managed to survive because of various geographical accidents or construction-related factors. Leaving those places based in the Chilean coast and which are under a clear risk of tsunami results in an unthinkable possibility given that many cities in the country are built on the coastal region and their social economic development is articulated by their marine context. Nevertheless, 50 years have passed since the 1960 Valdivia earthquake and tsunami took place- the most powerful ever recorded rating 9.5 in Richter magnitude scale- to carry out a regular soil type use assessment on the basis of earthquake risk. Even though government policies have not resulted to be very effective to face one of the most destructive natural disasters, it is of paramount importance to assure the human capital, build mitigation barriers, set up resilient communities, implement education programmes and evacuation plans as well as suggest platforms of future development. The aforementioned, all together, constitutes some of the main premises to assure quality life in a wide part of our country. This approach will undoubtedly change the way the coastline is inhabited and generate new perceptions and suggestions for a society still living a post-disaster mourning to be significantly integrated from the reconstruction process to a comprehensive recuperation in which social capital will continue to be the leading participant. Source

Heard C.,University of Design of Costa Rica
Applied Thermal Engineering

Traditional dwellings in the wooded hills and mountains in the vicinity of Mexico City are wooden cabins with very little thermal insulation. A modest change in the internal roof construction was trialed in order to improve thermal comfort. Modelling showed a modest improvement in thermal comfort could be expected. The experimental cabin was used as a show house and community members were invited to stay overnight and subsequently surveyed to obtain their appreciation of the experience. Community surveys to find out attitudes to environmental issues were also carried out and the potential acceptance of the improved cabin design. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Bruscato U.M.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul | Alvarado R.G.,University of Design of Costa Rica
Revista 180

Pezo-Von Ellrichausen's last project which exhibited in Concepcion (in the south of Chile) seems to recover a myth from modernity: The house of glass. This team of architects noted by their austere and monolithic houses has erected a narrow three-storey glass house upon the slopes of the city. By presenting the structure which underlines the stability after the devastating earthquake which hit the region in 2010; it depicts daily events and environmental struggle of residential life as well. It also evokes the daring transparent residences of modernism, but in the present energetic and urban context which questions the relevant architectonic premises. Source

This work covers the developmental rise and fall period. It ranges from 1939, the year of the earthquake and propagation of modern movement in the south of the country, and 1973, when the political crash finished off the housing strategies of the democratic State. The area, strategic for domestic production, allowed numerous projects under the charge of a variety of entities: some, agencies of the State; others, belonging to the regional industry. All of them involved basic essentials corresponding to a collective and contemporary form of housing. Its features indicate the appropriation of the rationalist vicissitudes. They reveal the modernization of popular domain cloaked by the functional and political utopia of the developmental environment that made up part of the urban image of this land. The leaving of this mark had nuances of decisions taken locally, the physical, geographical and territorial surroundings, all actors that imposed determining facts on the construction of the projects. Three factors: the State and its social welfare inspiration, the industrialists and their impulse to be a Good-Samaritan, and the architectural factors with their mission to modernize, all bring together form, the people and the land. This interconnection sustains the identifying relationship of local modernity. Source

Vila C.,Jaume I University | Abellan-Nebot J.V.,Jaume I University | Albinana J.C.,Jaume I University | Hernandez G.,University of Design of Costa Rica
Procedia Engineering

Sustainable development has been, is and will be one of the worldwide main issues. Many initiatives have been launched to drive global conscientiousness to the problem of the impact of manufactured products. In order to become a "green company", eco-brands and recycling are well understood but many initiatives are in silos and the unintended wasteful impact to other activities in the company is not always noticed. The key of sustainability also covers all the in-between activities and it depends on a real commitment of society, research and manufacturing firms. The factory of the future must have a Green Product Lifecycle Management strategy sharing responsibilities within the whole supply chain that must be achieved through committed people. The present work describes an approach to green product lifecycle involving mainstay phases: design, manufacturing and service, including usability and renewal. The contribution suggests a framework for sustainable product development that takes the whole product lifecycle into account. © 2015 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Source

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