University of Dammam is a university in Dammam, Saudi Arabia.Dr. Abdullah Al-Rubaish is its President. It was a previously a part of King Faisal University .The main campus is in the coastal area of Al-Rakah . Several colleges are scattered around the eastern province Wikipedia.
Latif R.,University of Dammam
Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care | Year: 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In modern society, cocoa is being eaten as a confectionery, contrary to its medicinal use in the past. However, since the last decade, there has been a revival of talks about cocoa's health beneficial effects. Development has been made at the molecular level recently. This review discusses the recent progresses on potential health benefits of cocoa and/or its derivatives, with a focus on the areas that have been paid little attention so far, such as the role of cocoa in immune regulation, inflammation, neuroprotection, oxidative stress, obesity, and diabetes control. RECENT FINDINGS: Thanks to the advancement in analytical technologies, the cocoa's metabolic pathways have now been properly mapped providing essential information on its roles. Cocoa helps in weight loss by improving mitochondrial biogenesis. It increases muscle glucose uptake by inserting glucose transporter 4 in skeletal muscles membrane. Because of its antioxidant properties, cocoa offers neuron protection and enhances cognition and positive mood. It lowers immunoglobulin E release in allergic responses. It can affect the immune response and bacterial growth at intestinal levels. It reduces inflammation by inhibiting nuclear factor-κB. SUMMARY: Keeping in view the pleiotropic health benefits of cocoa, it may have the potential to be used for the prevention/treatment of allergies, cancers, oxidative injuries, inflammatory conditions, anxiety, hyperglycemia, and insulin resistance. © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health / Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Latif R.,University of Dammam
Netherlands Journal of Medicine | Year: 2013
Chocolate/cocoa has been known for its good taste and proposed health effects for centuries. Earlier, chocolate used to be criticised for its fat content and its consumption was a sin rather than a remedy, associated with acne, caries, obesity, high blood pressure, coronary artery disease and diabetes. Therefore, many physicians tended to warn patients about the potential health hazards of consuming large amounts of chocolate. However, the recent discovery of biologically active phenolic compounds in cocoa has changed this perception and stimulated research on its effects in ageing, oxidative stress, blood pressure regulation, and atherosclerosis. Today, chocolate is lauded for its tremendous antioxidant potential. However, in many studies, contradictory results and concerns about methodological issues have made it hard for health professionals and the public to understand the available evidence on chocolate's effects on health. The purpose of this review is to interpret research done in the last decade on the benefits and risks of chocolate consumption. © Van Zuiden Communications B.V. All rights reserved.
Al Omran A.,University of Dammam
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery | Year: 2013
Introduction: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is the most common cause of avascular necrosis of femoral head (ANFH) in childhood. Advances in medical treatment led to improved life expectancy of such patients. SCD-related ANFH frequently progress to total collapse of the femoral head necessitating hip replacement. However, SCD patient are at more risk of intra- and post-operative complications and suboptimal outcome of total hip arthroplasty. Hence, it is imperative to preserve the femoral head as long as possible. Patients and methods: Between September 1992 and June 2007, 94 core decompression procedures were done to SCD patients who had modified Ficat stage I, IIA and IIB ANFH. Sixty one patients underwent a classical 8-mm drilling and 33 patients underwent 3.2-mm diameter MD technique. Patients were followed up for minimum of 2 years and were evaluated for clinical and Harris Hip Score improvement and for radiological progression. Results: All 19 hips that had Ficat stage I had significant reduction of pain and improvement of Harris Hip Score. No patient has required further surgery. Among the 39 hips with Ficat IIA at time of procedure, 80 % of hips which underwent CD and 78 % of MD cases had significant reduction of pain and improvement of HHS. Those patients showed no radiographic progression of the disease. The remaining, 20 % CD and 22 % MD eventually progressed radiologically to grade III or grade IV and had HHS less than 75 at last visit. In the 36 cases with Ficat IIB, 52 % CD and 52.8 % MC had significant reduction of pain and improvement of HHS. The rest showed no improvement in pain and function, and progressed to stage IV; 11 of them underwent THA and one patient refused surgery. Conclusion: While multiple drilling is safer and less invasive than single coring in SCD, there is no statistically significant difference in outcome or complication rate between both procedures done for ANFH in patients with SCD. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Alkhater S.A.,University of Dammam
Obesity Reviews | Year: 2015
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a progressive disease that encompasses a spectrum of liver diseases, ranging from simple steatosis to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Data related to survival in children are scarce, but these data firmly associate NAFLD with higher risks of hepatic and non-hepatic morbidities and mortalities compared with the general population. More recently, the association between NAFLD and cardiovascular disease among children has increasingly been recognized. Given that obesity is a major risk factor for the disease, paediatric NAFLD is becoming a global issue, paralleling the dramatic rise in obesity worldwide. NASH, which is more common in obese children, has the potential to advance to liver fibrosis and failure. It is unclear why certain patients undergo such transformation but this susceptibility is likely related to an interaction between a genetically susceptible host and the surrounding environment. Currently, treatment is largely conservative and includes lifestyle modification, attainable through healthy weight reduction via diet and exercise. In this review, current knowledge about NAFLD in children is summarized. This review aims to increase the awareness of the medical community about a hidden public health issue and to identify current gaps in the literature while providing directions for future research. © 2015 World Obesity.
University of Dammam | Date: 2015-10-08
A system includes a display layer disposed beneath one or more layers of a road that is configured to output light to illuminate an upper surface of the road. One or more vertical cylindrical voids extend from the display layer to the upper surface of the road providing a path for the light from the display layer to reach the upper surface of the road. Circuitry is configured to determine a traffic scheme for the road based on traffic data received from one or more sources. Control signals are issued to the display layer to control illumination of the upper surface of the road in accordance with the traffic scheme. Traffic scheme-specific values are output to a smart vehicle corresponding to one or more smart vehicle algorithms.
University of Dammam | Date: 2014-12-23
A histopathology system includes an elongated, cylindrical probe having therein one or more scanners connected to a distal end of the probe and configured to capture digital images of tissue. Neuro-navigation circuitry is configured to navigate the probe to a tissue examination site. The probe is inserted into an outer casing having a mesh plate integrally formed at a distal tip of the outer casing through which a tissue is drawn. At least one balloon is attached to an inner surface of the outer casing and when inflated creates a pressure differential that draws the tissue into viewing range of the one or more scanners. At least one server is configured to digitally stain a tissue image obtained by the one or more scanners of the tissue, and match the tissue images to one or more stored tissue samples.
University of Dammam | Date: 2014-10-20
Reagents and methods for the fast, accurate and early detection of infections in thalassemia major patients. Reagents include a primer pool containing a mixture of primer pairs for the specific recognition and simultaneous amplification of targeted gene sequences of pathogens from a biological sample collected from a patient in a multiplex PCR reaction. Pathogens may include at least one Fungi species, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Candida albicans and Staphylococcus aureus. Subsequent identification of the pathogens is achieved by DNA sequencing analysis.
University of Dammam | Date: 2015-02-13
A histopathology system includes an elongated, cylindrical probe having scanners connected to a distal end of the probe and configured to capture digital images of tissue, a mesh net connected to the distal end of the probe and configured to grasp tissue, and control circuitry configured to expand and contract the mesh net to grasp the tissue being examined. The system includes an outer sheath into which the probe is inserted having one or more tabs extending from the outer sheath to affix the outer sheath at one or more locations. An elongated, cylindrical introducer device guides the outer sheath through a bodily orifice or surgical incision when the introducer device is inserted into the outer sheath. At least one server with processing circuitry is configured to digitally stain a tissue image obtained by the scanners of the tissue, and match the tissue images to stored tissue samples.
University of Dammam | Date: 2014-09-10
A diaphragm respiratory signal simulator is activated by skin voltage that is coupled to the simulator by many ways such as but not limited to a user sliding a finger over a conductive surface, the user sliding a finger over surfaces close to the conductive element, touch or sliding the finger over the ventilator screen. The conductive surface is electrically connected to a ring electrode at a distal part of a manikins esophagus. The diaphragm respiratory signal simulator produces a synthetic diaphragm electrical signal that triggers a ventilator to deliver a supported breath, which is proportional to the strength of the generated signal. This process allows safe and successful training on the operations of NAVA mode of ventilation and catheter positioning.
University of Dammam | Date: 2015-01-12
A pullout test system, having a pullout apparatus including a plurality of bracing rods connected to a first support plate at proximal end of the plurality of bracing rods and a second base plate connected at a distal end of the plurality of bracing rods. The apparatus also includes a reaction rod attached to the first base plate extending away from the plurality of bracing rods. The apparatus further includes a sample specimen mounting location disposed centrally on the second base plate and disposed between the first base plate and the second base plate and an anchor disposed through the second base plate and fixed within the sample specimen disposed centrally on the second base plate. The system includes a universal testing machine (UTM). The pullout apparatus is configured to be mounted within the UTM via the anchor and the reaction rod to apply tensile forces thereto.