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Cuenca, Ecuador

University of Cuenca is an Ecuadorian university located in Cuenca. University of Cuenca is the principal university of Azuay Province. The university was founded in 1867. Wikipedia.

Chen Q.,California Institute of Technology | Andrade J.E.,California Institute of Technology | Samaniego E.,University of Cuenca
Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering | Year: 2011

This work presents a multiscale strong discontinuity approach to tackle key challenges in modeling localization behavior in granular media: accommodation of discontinuities in the kinematic fields, and direct linkage to the underlying grain-scale information. Assumed enhanced strain (AES) concepts are borrowed to enhance elements for post-localization analysis, but are reformulated within a recently-proposed hierarchical multiscale computational framework. Unlike classical AES methods, where material properties are usually constants or assumed to evolve with some arbitrary phenomenological laws, this framework provides a bridge to extract evolutions of key material parameters, such as friction and dilatancy, based on grain scale computational or experimental data. More importantly, the phenomenological softening modulus typically used in AES methods is no longer required. Numerical examples of plane strain compression tests are presented to illustrate the applicability of this method and to analyze its numerical performance. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. Source

Bathurst J.C.,Northumbria University | Bovolo C.I.,Northumbria University | Cisneros F.,University of Cuenca
Ecological Engineering | Year: 2010

The potential for reducing the occurrence of shallow landslides through targeted reforestation of critical parts of a river basin is explored through mathematical modelling. Through the systematic investigation of land management options, modelling allows the optimum strategies to be selected ahead of any real intervention in the basin. Physically based models, for which the parameters can be evaluated using physical reasoning, offer particular advantages for predicting the effects of possible future changes in land use and climate. Typically a physically based landslide model consists of a coupled hydrological model (for soil moisture) and a geotechnical slope stability model, along with an impact model, such as basin sediment yield. An application of the SHETRAN model to the 65.8-km2 Guabalcón basin in central Ecuador demonstrates a technique for identifying the areas of a basin most susceptible to shallow landsliding and for quantifying the effects of different vegetation covers on landslide incidence. Thus, for the modelled scenario, increasing root cohesion from 300 to 1500 Pa causes a two-thirds reduction in the number of landslides. Useful information can be obtained even on the basis of imperfect data availability but model output should be interpreted carefully in the light of parameter uncertainty. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Salazar Adum J.P.,University of Cuenca
American Journal of Therapeutics | Year: 2015

Heart failure (HF) is a complex multifactorial medical condition that should be addressed according to its complexity and diversity. Currently, there is a medical arsenal available for the management of HF, but despite the advance in medical resources, its prevalence and social and financial impacts are still worrisome for the medical community and society. Among the numerous therapeutic options for the treatment of HF, neprilysin inhibitors have changed the perspective of the approach to titrate patients who suffer from this condition because neprilysin plays a role in the degradation of natriuretic peptides and various other vasoactive compounds that are crucial to counteract the devastating pathophysiology of HF. The purpose of this review was to analyze the role of neprilysin inhibitors in HF, focusing on newer therapy such as LCZ696 and studies that sustain its potential benefits in this medical entity. Copyright © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Salazar Adum J.P.,University of Cuenca
American Journal of Therapeutics | Year: 2015

Inappropriate Sinus Tachycardia (IST) is a chronic medical condition with a wide variety of clinical presentations making it, sometimes, very insidious at the time of the diagnosis. Several therapeutic options, including, pharmacotherapy, cardiac rehabilitation, and modification or ablation of the sinus node, have been proposed for the management of IST, but because of the complexity and lack of understanding of pathophysiology, it can be difficult to manage, despite the numerous treatment options currently available. The purpose of this review is to analyze the treatment for IST, focusing on the role of newer therapy and the potential benefits in the management of this cardiac rhythm disturbance. © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Chilet-Rosell E.,University of Alicante | Chilet-Rosell E.,University of Cuenca
Global Health Action | Year: 2014

This thesis is part of the studies of gender bias in health which together with the paradigm of evidence-based medicine shares the empirical assumption that there are inaccuracies in medical practice, in addition to a lack of rigour and transparency. It worked with the distinction between the concepts of sex and gender and between the concepts of sex-related differences and gender inequalities, in terms of applying a gender perspective in the study design and the subsequent analysis. This PhD review presents the research process conducted in Spain, which can provide an example for future research. Study I described a review of 58 clinical trials (CTs) of etoricoxib to assess its compliance with the Recommendations of Evaluation of Gender Differences in the Clinical Evaluation of Drugs. In Study II, key informants from professions related to different areas in drug development and pharmacovigilance held a working meeting to reach a consensus document on recommendations for the study and evaluation of gender differences in CTs in Spain. In Study III, the websites of the eight best-selling hormone replacement therapy drugs in Spain on Google first page of results were analysed. In Study IV, a logistic regression analysis was performed to compare analgesic prescription by sex in regions with a higher or lower Gender Development Index (GDI) than the Spanish average. Gender biases identified in this thesis limited the legitimacy of medicine, which is not based on the best possible evidence. The results also demonstrate the existence of inequalities between men and women that are not due merely to biological differences, but are gender inequalities stemming from the social differences that exist between both sexes. © 2014 Elisa Chilet-Rosell. Source

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