Koln, Germany

University of Cologne

www.uni-koeln.de
Koln, Germany

The University of Cologne is the sixth oldest university in Central Europe and, with 38,000 students and 4,000 postgraduates, one of the largest universities in Germany. It is furthermore the German founding member of the Global Alliance in Management Education . Since 2012 the university was awarded in the German Universities Excellence Initiative for its overall concept. Wikipedia.


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Patent
Hyundai Motor Company and University of Cologne | Date: 2015-12-01

A separator for a fuel cell includes a base layer, a first metal carbide coating layer disposed at one or both sides of on the base layer; a metal coating layer disposed above the first metal carbide coating layer; and a second metal carbide coating layer disposed above the metal layer.


Patent
Hyundai Motor Company and University of Cologne | Date: 2015-12-10

A method for coating a separator for a fuel cell is provided that includes vaporizing a metal carbide precursor to obtain a precursor gas; introducing a metal carbide coating layer-forming gas including the precursor gas in a reaction chamber; and applying a voltage to the reaction chamber so that the precursor gas is changed into a plasma state, thereby forming a metal carbide coating layer on either surface or both surfaces of a substrate. In this case, the metal carbide precursor may include a compound having a substituted or non-substituted cyclopentadienyl group.


Patent
University of Cologne | Date: 2015-07-16

In a first aspect, the present invention relates to a recombinant polypeptide containing a domain comprising at least two antibody units whereby the first antibody unit is an anti-CD30 single chain antibody unit while the second antibody unit is a antibody unit being specific for an antigen present on the surface of a predetermined target cell. In particular, the present invention relates to a recombinant polypeptide containing at least the following domains starting from the N-terminus to the C-terminus: a first domain containing an anti-CD30 single chain antibody unit, in particular, HRS3 scFv of SEQ ID No. 2 or homologs thereof having at least 70% identity with SEQ ID No. 2 binding specifically to CD30, and an antibody unit said antibody unit being specific for an antigen present on the surface of a predetermined target cell, in particular, being specific for a tumor-associated antigen; optionally a spacer domain; a trans-membrane domain; and a cytoplasmatic signalling domain. In a further aspect, the present invention relates to a nucleic acid molecule encoding the polypeptide according to the present invention, as well as vectors and cells containing the same. Moreover, lymphocytes are provided, in particular T-cells like CD8^(+) or a CD4^(+) T-cell expressing on its surface chimeric antigen receptors containing an anti-CD30 single chain antibody unit and an antibody unit whereby said antibody unit being specific for an antigen present on the surface of a predetermined target cell. Immune cells modified with the polypeptide show improved functions, in particular in the treatment of cancer, in particular CD30^() cancer. That is, the cells are for use in adapted cell therapy for treating cancer in a subject in need thereof.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: INFRAIA-01-2016-2017 | Award Amount: 10.51M | Year: 2017

RadioNet is a consortium of 28 institutions in Europe, Republic of Korea and South Africa, integrating at European level world-class infrastructures for research in radio astronomy. These include radio telescopes, telescope arrays, data archives and the globally operating European Network for Very Long Baseline Interferometry (EVN). RadioNet is de facto widely regarded to represent the interests of radio astronomy in Europe. A comprehensive, innovative and ambitious suite of actions is proposed that fosters a sustainable research environment. Building on national investments and commitments to operate these facilities, this specific EC program leverages the capabilities on a European scale. The proposed actions include: - Merit-based trans-national access to the RadioNet facilities for European and for the first time also for third country users; and integrated and professional user support that fosters continued widening of the community of users. - Innovative R&D, substantially enhancing the RadioNet facilities and taking leaps forward towards harmonization, efficiency and quality of exploitation at lower overall cost; development and delivery of prototypes of specialized hardware, ready for production in SME industries. - Comprehensive networking measures for training, scientific exchange, industry cooperation, dissemination of scientific and technical results; and policy development to ensure long-term sustainability of excellence for European radio astronomy. RadioNet is relevant now, it enables cutting-edge science, top-level R&D and excellent training for its European facilities; with the Atacama Large Millimetre Array (ALMA) and the ESFRI-listed Square Kilometre Array (SKA) defined as global radio telescopes, RadioNet assures that European radio astronomy maintains its leading role into the era of these next-generation facilities by involving scientists and engineers in the scientific use and innovation of the outstanding European facilities.


Pasparakis M.,University of Cologne | Vandenabeele P.,Ghent University
Nature | Year: 2015

Regulated cell death has essential functions in development and in adult tissue homeostasis. Necroptosis is a newly discovered pathway of regulated necrosis that requires the proteins RIPK3 and MLKL and is induced by death receptors, interferons, toll-like receptors, intracellular RNA and DNA sensors, and probably other mediators. RIPK1 has important kinase-dependent and scaffolding functions that inhibit or trigger necroptosis and apoptosis. Mouse-model studies have revealed important functions for necroptosis in inflammation and suggested that it could be implicated in the pathogenesis of many human inflammatory diseases. We discuss the mechanisms regulating necroptosis and its potential role in inflammation and disease.


The management of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is undergoing profound changes. Several new drugs have been approved for CLL treatment (fludarabine, bendamustine, and the monoclonal antibodies alemtuzumab, rituximab, and ofatumumab) and many more drugs are in advanced clinical development to be approved for this disease. In addition, the extreme heterogeneity of the clinical course and our improved ability to foresee the prognosis of this leukemia by the use of clinical, biological, and genetic parameters now allow us to characterize patients with a very mild onset and course, an intermediate prognosis, or a very aggressive course with high-risk leukemia. Therefore, it becomes increasingly challenging to select the right treatment strategy for each condition. This article summarizes the currently available diagnostic and therapeutic tools and gives an integrated recommendation of how to manage CLL in 2013. Moreover, I propose a strategy how we might integrate the novel agents for CLL therapy into sequential treatment approaches in the near future.


Baker M.J.,University of Cologne
Cold Spring Harbor perspectives in biology | Year: 2011

A decline in mitochondrial activity has been associated with aging and is a hallmark of many neurological diseases. Surveillance mechanisms acting at the molecular, organellar, and cellular level monitor mitochondrial integrity and ensure the maintenance of mitochondrial proteostasis. Here we will review the central role of mitochondrial chaperones and proteases, the cytosolic ubiquitin-proteasome system, and the mitochondrial unfolded response in this interconnected quality control network, highlighting the dual function of some proteases in protein quality control within the organelle and for the regulation of mitochondrial fusion and mitophagy.


Pasparakis M.,University of Cologne
Immunological Reviews | Year: 2012

Since its discovery, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) has been recognized as a critical regulator of immune responses. While early studies focused on studying the role of NF-κB in the development and function of immune cells, more recently the function of the inhibitor of NF-κB kinase (IKK)/NF-κB pathway in non-immune cells has gained increased attention. Studies in genetic mouse models were instrumental in dissecting the cell-specific functions of NF-κB and provided experimental evidence that NF-κB signaling in epithelial cells is important for the maintenance of immune homeostasis in barrier tissues such as the skin and the intestine. Increased activation of IKK/NF-κB triggered cytokine expression by the epithelial cells, resulting in exacerbated tissue inflammatory responses. NF-κB inhibition in keratinocytes triggered severe tumor necrosis factor-dependent skin inflammation and epidermal hyperplasia, while inhibition of IKK/NF-κB signaling in intestinal epithelial cells disturbed the intestinal barrier and triggered severe chronic colon inflammation. Therefore, epithelial NF-κB signaling performs critical 'peace keeping' functions in barrier tissues at the interface with the environment by regulating cell survival, barrier integrity, and the immunological and anti-microbial responses of epithelial cells. Improved understanding of epithelial NF-κB functions may hold the key for elucidating the etiology and pathophysiology of chronic inflammatory diseases in epithelial tissues. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.


De Visser J.A.G.M.,Wageningen University | Krug J.,University of Cologne
Nature Reviews Genetics | Year: 2014

The genotype-fitness map (that is, the fitness landscape) is a key determinant of evolution, yet it has mostly been used as a superficial metaphor because we know little about its structure. This is now changing, as real fitness landscapes are being analysed by constructing genotypes with all possible combinations of small sets of mutations observed in phylogenies or in evolution experiments. In turn, these first glimpses of empirical fitness landscapes inspire theoretical analyses of the predictability of evolution. Here, we review these recent empirical and theoretical developments, identify methodological issues and organizing principles, and discuss possibilities to develop more realistic fitness landscape models. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.


Giernoth R.,University of Cologne
Angewandte Chemie - International Edition | Year: 2010

In recent years, ionic liquids have attracted the attention of many chemists as a result of their unique properties as solvents for chemical transformations. The focus of this Minireview is on applications of socalled "task-specific" ionic liquids, whereby the role of the ionic liquid goes beyond that of a solvent. Such ionic liquids find application in a wide range of areas, including catalysis, synthesis, gas absorption, and analysis. © 2010 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA,.

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