Fadili A.,University of Chouib Doukkali |
Mehdi K.,University of Chouib Doukkali |
Riss J.,University of Bordeaux 1 |
Najib S.,University of Chouib Doukkali |
And 2 more authors.
Arabian Journal of Geosciences | Year: 2015
Oualidia city is located on the Moroccan Atlantic coast. Groundwater is the only resource for agriculture irrigation in this area. This operation is done by intensive pumping mainly in the coastal fringe. In this study, hydrochemical and geophysical methods were conducted to evaluate both composition and processes which control groundwater mineralization in Oualidia. For this purpose, 19 samples of groundwater were analyzed in major ions. The results showed that the mineralization is mainly due to sea water intrusion, especially in the first kilometer over the ocean, with abundance of Na+ (651.3 mg/l on average) and Cl− ions (1,425 mg/l on average). Beyond this fringe, 1 km, the mineralization is low, with an abundance of calcium (190.4 mg/l on average) and bicarbonate (241.1 mg/l on average) indicating the rock nature effect. Data interpretation from six profiles of electrical resistivity tomography (ERT), performed in the region, has led to detect seawater intrusion extension. The level assigned to the marine effect is characterized by a resistivity lower than 30 Ω m. Moreover, hydrochemical and geophysical studies were provided information on the mineralization extension in the aquifer of this zone, which is limited to 1 km from the ocean. © 2015, Saudi Society for Geosciences.