PubMed | University of Southern Chile
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Wounds : a compendium of clinical research and practice | Year: 2015
Nitric oxide (NO) signaling appears to play a vital role in wound healing associated to improve collagen and angiogenesis. A burn wound model was used to evaluate the effects of a chitosan films on histopathological features, nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity, and quantification of neoformed capillaries assessed with CD34.Bilateral burns (n = 16) were made on adult Sprague-Dawley rats. The lesions on the right side of the rats were treated with chitosan films, and the lesions on the left side of the same rats were treated with gauze with NaCl 0.9% as a control.Histological analysis revealed accelerated burn wound healing supported by significant differences in acute inflammation, collagen, and granulation tissue formation in chitosan-treated burns. Additionally, chitosan-treated burns were associated with higher CD34 immunoreactivity antibody supported by significant differences. This analysis of NOS activity was statistically significant on treated burns in the second treatment week. NOS results are associated with the highest collagen deposition, granulation tissue formation, and new capillary formation.The use of chitosan on burns promoted re-epithelialization by means of angiogenic and NO release associated with higher cell infiltration into the wound bed during the proliferative phase.