The University of Chicago is a private research university in Chicago, Illinois.Founded by the American Baptist Education Society with a donation from oil magnate and philanthropist John D. Rockefeller, the University of Chicago was incorporated in 1890; William Rainey Harper became the university's first president in 1891, and the first classes were held in 1892. Both Harper and future president Robert Maynard Hutchins advocated for Chicago's curriculum to be based upon theoretical and perennial issues rather than applied science and commercial utility.The university consists of the College of the University of Chicago, various graduate programs and interdisciplinary committees organized into four divisions, six professional schools, and a school of continuing education. Chicago is particularly well known for its professional schools, which include the Pritzker School of Medicine, the Booth School of Business, the Law School, and the Divinity School. The university enrolls approximately 5,000 students in the College and about 15,000 students overall.University of Chicago scholars have played a major role in the development of various academic disciplines, including: the Chicago school of economics, the Chicago school of sociology, the law and economics movement in legal analysis, the Chicago school of literary criticism, the Chicago school of religion, the school of political science known as behavioralism, and in the physics leading to the world's first man-made, self-sustaining nuclear reaction. The university is also home to the University of Chicago Press, the largest university press in the United States.The University of Chicago is home to many prominent alumni. 89 Nobel laureates have been affiliated with the university as visiting professors, students, faculty, or staff, the fourth most of any institution in the world. When its affiliate, the Marine Biological Laboratory, is included, Chicago has produced more Nobel prize winners than any other university in the world. In addition, Chicago's alumni include 49 Rhodes Scholars, 9 Fields Medalists, 20 National Humanities Medalists and 13 billionaire graduates. Wikipedia.
Pan T.,University of Chicago
Annual Review of Genetics | Year: 2013
The composition of the cellular proteome is commonly thought to strictly adhere to the genetic code. However, accumulating evidence indicates that cells also regulate the synthesis of mutant protein molecules that deviate from the genetic code. Production of mutant proteins generally occurs when cells are stressed or when they undergo environmental adaptation, but production varies in amounts and specificity. The deliberate synthesis of mutant proteins suggests that some of these proteins can be useful in cellular stress response and adaptation. This review describes the occurrence of, the translation mechanisms for, and the functional hypotheses on regulated synthesis of mutant proteins. © 2013 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved. Source
Pan T.,University of Chicago
Trends in Biochemical Sciences | Year: 2013
N6-methyl-adenosine (m6A) is the most abundant modification in mammalian mRNA and long non-coding RNA. First discovered in the 1970s, m6A modification has been proposed to function in mRNA splicing, export, stability, and immune tolerance. Interest and excitement in m6A modification has recently been revived based on the discovery of a mammalian enzyme that removes m6A and the application of deep sequencing to localize modification sites. The m6A demethylase fat mass and obesity associated protein (FTO) controls cellular energy homeostasis and is the first enzyme discovered that reverses an RNA modification. m6A Sequencing demonstrates cell-type- and cell-state-dependent m6A patterns, indicating that m6A modifications are highly regulated. This review describes the current knowledge of mammalian m6A modifications and future perspectives on how to push the field forward. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source
University of Chicago | Date: 2015-06-26
The present invention provides a method, comprising (a) providing a reactant ligand attached to a substrate; (b) contacting the substrate with a fusion polypeptide, said fusion polypeptide comprising a capture polypeptide fused to a display polypeptide under conditions such that said reactant ligand covalently binds to said capture polypeptide; and (c) analyzing said display polypeptide.
University of Chicago | Date: 2015-08-26
The present invention provides microfabricated substrates and methods of conducting reactions within these substrates. The reactions occur in plugs transported in the flow of a carrier-fluid.
University of Chicago | Date: 2015-08-11
Provided herein are methods of determining a treatment regimen for a subject with a mood disorder and methods of identifying a patient with a mood disorder as amenable to treatment with a calcium channel blocker (CCB). In exemplary embodiments, the methods comprise (a) analyzing a sample obtained from a subject with a mood disorder for the presence of allele [A] of CACNA1C, wherein allele [A] comprises the sequence of the polymorphic marker rs1006737.