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Preston, United Kingdom

The University of Central Lancashire is a university based in Preston, Lancashire, England. The university has its roots in The Institution For The Diffusion Of Useful Knowledge which was founded in 1828. Subsequently known as Harris Art College, then Preston Polytechnic, then Lancashire Polytechnic, in 1992 it was granted University status by the Privy Council. The university is the fifth largest in the UK in terms of student numbers. Wikipedia.

Murphy S.J.,University of Central Lancashire
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society | Year: 2012

A close comparison of Kepler short- and long-cadence data released prior to 2011November1 has shown some subtle differences that make the short-cadence data superior to their long-cadence counterparts. The inevitable results of a faster sampling rate are present: the short-cadence data provide greater time resolution for short-lived events like flares, and have a much higher Nyquist frequency than the long-cadence data; however, they also contain fewer high-amplitude peaks at low frequency and allow a more precise determination of pulsation frequencies, amplitudes and phases. The latter observation indicates that Kepler data are not normally distributed. Moreover, a close inspection of the Pre-search Data Conditioned long-cadence data shows residuals that have increased noise on time-scales important to asteroseismology, but unimportant to planet searches. © 2012 The Authors Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society © 2012 RAS.

Debattista V.P.,University of Central Lancashire
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters | Year: 2014

We use an N-body simulation to study the 3D density distribution of spirals and the resulting stellar vertical velocities. Relative to the disc's rotation, the phase of the spiral's peak density away from themid-plane trails that at themid-plane. In addition, at fixed radius the density distribution is azimuthally skewed, having a shallower slope on the trailing side inside corotation and switching to shallower on the leading side beyond corotation. The spirals induce non-zero average vertical velocities, 〈Vz〉, as large as 〈Vz〉 ~ 10-20 km s-1, consistent with recent observations in the Milky Way. The vertical motions are compressive (towards the mid-plane) as stars enter the spiral, and expanding (away from the mid-plane) as they leave it. Since stars enter the spiral on the leading side outside corotation and on the trailing side within corotation, the relative phase of the expanding and compressive motions switches sides at corotation. Moreover, because stars always enter the spiral on the shallow density gradient side and exit on the steeper side, the expanding motions are larger than the compressing motions. © 2014 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society.

Academic and practitioner interest in the physical performance of male professional soccer players in the competition setting determined via time-motion analyses has grown substantially over the last four decades leading to a substantial body of published research and aiding development of a more systematic evidence-based framework for physical conditioning. Findings have forcibly shaped contemporary opinions in the sport with researchers and practitioners frequently emphasising the important role that physical performance plays in match outcomes. Time-motion analyses have also influenced practice as player conditioning programmes can be tailored according to the different physical demands identified across individual playing positions. Yet despite a more systematic approach to physical conditioning, data indicate that even at the very highest standards of competition, the contemporary player is still susceptible to transient and end-game fatigue. Over the course of this article, the author suggests that a more pragmatic approach to interpreting the current body of time-motion analysis data and its application in the practical setting is nevertheless required. Examples of this are addressed using findings in the literature to examine (a) the association between competitive physical performance and 'success' in professional soccer, (b) current approaches to interpreting differences in time-motion analysis data across playing positions, and (c) whether data can realistically be used to demonstrate the occurrence of fatigue in match-play. Gaps in the current literature and directions for future research are also identified. © 2013 Springer International Publishing Switzerland.

Dooris M.,University of Central Lancashire
Health and Place | Year: 2013

The settings approach to health promotion, first advocated in the 1986 Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion, was introduced as an expression of the 'new public health', generating both acclaim and critical discourse. Reflecting an ecological model, a systems perspective and whole system thinking, the approach has been applied in a wide range of geographical and organisational contexts. This paper reports on a qualitative study undertaken through in-depth interviews with key individuals widely acknowledged to have been the architects and pilots of the settings movement. Exploring the development of the settings approach, policy and practice integration, and connectedness 'outwards', 'upwards' and 'beyond health', it concludes that the settings approach has much to offer-but will only realise its potential impact on the wellbeing of people, places and the planet if it builds bridges between silos and reconfigures itself for the globalised 21st century. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Gordon M.,University of Central Lancashire
The Cochrane database of systematic reviews | Year: 2014

Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic relapsing inflammatory condition. Many patients fail to achieve remission with medical management and require surgical interventions. Purine analogues have been used to maintain surgically-induced remission in CD, but the effectiveness of vomiting, pancreatitis, anaemia, exacerbation of Crohn's disease, nasopharyngitis, and flatulence. Purine analogues may be superior to placebo for maintenance of surgically-induced remission in patients with CD, although this is based on two small studies. The results for efficacy outcomes between purine analogues and 5-ASA agents were uncertain. However, patients taking purine analogues were more likely than 5-ASA patients to discontinue therapy due to adverse events. No firm conclusions can be drawn from the two small studies that compared azathioprine to infliximab or adalimumab. Adalimumab may be superior to azathioprine but further research is needed to confirm these results. Further research investigating the efficacy and safety of azathioprine and 6-mercaptopurine in comparison to other active medications in patients with surgically-induced remission of CD is warranted.

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