Cebu City, Philippines

University of Cebu
Cebu City, Philippines

University of Cebu is an educational institution in Cebu City, Philippines, founded in 1964.It has four campuses: the Main Campus along Sanciangko Street; the Banilad Campus along Gov. Cuenco Ave., Brgy. Banilad; the UC-LM Campus ; and the UC-METC along Alumnos St., Mambaling. Another campus, the UC-South Campus along Sanciangko Street, was demolished and replaced by an expansion of UC's sister company Elizabeth Mall . Wikipedia.

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Nazareno P.A.G.,University of Cebu | Buot I.E.,University of the Philippines at Los Baños
Journal of Ecology and Environment | Year: 2015

During several visits to the Cebu City landfill in the Philippines, plants were observed growing within the area, including on top of the garbage piles. Studying the response of these plants is important in assessing which can be used in remediating metal contaminated soils. This study aimed to determine whether the plants in the Cebu City landfill excluded or accumulated cadmium (Cd) and chromium (Cr) in the plant tissues. The foristic composition of the landfill was analyzed prior to the sample collection. The samples were acid-digested before the desired elements were measured using atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS). The Cd and Cr concentrations in the plant root-zone soil were also measured using AAS. The results indicated that the landfill substrate was generally acidic based on the results of the pH measurement. Of the 32 plant species sampled, Cyperus odoratus showed potential for Cd uptake and internal transfer; Cenchrus echina-tus, Vernonia cinerea and Terminalia catappa for Cr uptake, and Cynodon dactylon for Cr internal transfer. The plants in the landfill differed in their response towards the heavy metals. To confrm the behavior of C. odoratus towards Cd, and C. echinatus, C. dactylon, V. cinerea, and T. catappa towards Cr, controlled experiments are recommended, as the plant samples analyzed were collected from the field. © 2015 The Ecological Society of Korea. All rights are reserved.

PubMed | University of Cebu, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine and Prince of Songkla University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Parasitology international | Year: 2016

Despite the large population of stray dogs in Thailand, there is limited information on the prevalence of canine vector-borne diseases (CVBDs). In this study, a molecular survey was conducted to determine the prevalence of Babesia spp., Ehrlichia canis, Hepatozoon spp., Anaplasma platys and Mycoplasma spp. in dogs in Thailand. Of the 181 dog blood samples tested by PCR, 78/181 (43.1%) were found to be infected with one or more pathogens. The overall prevalence rates of Mycoplasma spp., Hepatozoon spp., Babesia spp., A. platys and E. canis infections were 19.9%, 18.8%, 9.4%, 4.4% and 3.9%, respectively. To the authors knowledge, this is the first report of Mycoplasma infection in Thailand in dogs. The current findings are important for future surveillance of CVBDs and designing appropriate approaches for diagnosis and control for the diseases in Thailand.

This paper provides an overview of the extent of institutionalization of public participation in environmental governance in the Philippines using the three-pillar framework of the Aarhus Convention and Principle 10 Guidelines: access to information, public participation in decision-making and access to justice in environmental matters. It analyzes the shifting demarcations of public engagement and how these are defined by the interplay of institutional-legal structures with the country's political economy constraints. It argues that while the country appears to have a strong institutional design for public participation, there is a decisively low level of institutionalization of actual participatory processes that could not achieve substantive autonomy from power structures. A critical factor to this is the weakness in public deliberations and interactions among civil society groups in the country that constrain legitimacy of representation, coherence and necessary consolidation in engagements with government institutions. While pluralism is a key tenet of public participation, the situation in the Philippines shows the limitations of its application, particularly amid a patrimonial political context. Such weakness amid complexities in aggregating public interest allows particular interests to predominate in reconfigurations of the boundaries of involvement in environmental matters, displacing otherwise legitimate groups in the margins of collaborative governance. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Montenegro C.S.,Silliman University | Maravillas E.A.,University of Cebu
8th International Conference on Humanoid, Nanotechnology, Information Technology, Communication and Control, Environment and Management, HNICEM 2015 | Year: 2015

Analysis of emotion in speech is manifested by the analysis of the vocal behavior of the nonverbal aspect of the speech. The basic assumption is that there is a set of objectively measurable voice parameters called prosodic aspects of speech, which can be assessed through computerized acoustical analysis. In this paper, we report results on recognizing emotional states (happy, sad, angry) from a corpus of short duration utterances using 18 acoustic-prosodic features. Four experiments were being conducted to perform correlations of the different prosodic-acoustic features and were evaluated against three different classifiers using a 10-fold cross-validation technique to estimate how accurately the classifier performs. © 2015 IEEE.

Menchavez J.C.L.,University of Cebu | Espinosa K.J.P.,University of Cebu
Proceedings - 15th IEEE International Conference on Data Mining Workshop, ICDMW 2015 | Year: 2015

With the growing use of social media in the Philippines, tourism-related user-generated content is readily available. As a growing hub of tourism and culture, this could be particularly useful to the country. However, a large amount of this data has gone unanalyzed. This study discusses and develops a way that could help bridge that gap using automated tourism-related tweet identification with Support Vector Machines and sentiment analysis with Naïve Bayes. F-scores of 0.943 and 0.81 were obtained by these components respectively, with the overall system obtaining an accuracy of 84%. Mapbox was used for visualization, with tweets plotted based on their geolocations and sentiments. This study can be used as a way of gathering tweets from the Philippines, identifying which could be relevant in terms of tourism information and presenting these in a way that could be useful and easy to understand and interpret. © 2015 IEEE.

Banados J.A.,University of Cebu | Espinosa K.J.,University of Cebu
IISA 2014 - 5th International Conference on Information, Intelligence, Systems and Applications | Year: 2014

This paper involves giving a better solution in optimizing Support Vector Machine in classifying sentiments towards a product brand. Sentiment analysis rose to solve the problem of classifying sentiments and classifying as to positive or negative feedback towards a certain product brands. Using the Support Vector Machine learning algorithm, this study aims to improve the algorithm's accuracy through choice of kernel and proper tuning of SVM hyper-parameters as core factors in contributing to SVM accuracy, having a huge amount of training sets in order to widen the hyper plane of vectors and strong support vectors. The sentiments are gathered using the Twitter API and are pre-processed to filter unnecessary words. To be able to use the given tool, the pre-processed sentiments are converted to SVM format. By the given default parameters of the SVM tool used, with radial basis function as kernel type. The SVM type used is C-SVC, a multi-class classification. A training set is produced and is used as the training model for test sets and as of the initial results. The model produced an accuracy of 63.54% using SVM with the said default parameters and used 3768 tweets for training set. © 2014 IEEE.

Cabanlit M.A.,University of Cebu | Espinosa K.J.,University of Cebu
IISA 2014 - 5th International Conference on Information, Intelligence, Systems and Applications | Year: 2014

This study aims to optimize N-gram based text feature selection in sentiment analysis for commercial products in twitter through polarity lexicons. This can be done by merging dictionary-based weighing with naïve-Bayes classification of sentiments. The study is still ongoing but partial results show potential. © 2014 IEEE.

PubMed | University of Cebu and Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Veterinary world | Year: 2017

DNA fragments of 10 16S rRNA sequences were obtained and found 99.6-100% identical to each other and 99.6-99.7% identical to the closest registered

PubMed | University of Cebu, Japan National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine and RIKEN
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Parasitology international | Year: 2016

Neospora caninum causes abortion and stillbirth in cattle. Identification of effective drugs against this parasite remains a challenge. Previous studies have suggested that disruption of abscisic acid (ABA)-mediated signaling in apicomplexan parasites such as Toxoplasma gondii offers a new drug target. In this study, the ABA inhibitor, fluridone (FLU), was evaluated for its action against N. caninum. Production of endogenous ABA within N. caninum was confirmed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem quadruple mass spectrometry. Subsequently, FLU treatment efficacy was assessed using in vitro. Results revealed that FLU inhibited the growth of N. caninum and T. gondii in vitro (IC50 143.143.96M and 330.652.38M, respectively). However, FLU did not affect parasite replication at 24h post-infection, but inhibited egress of N. caninum thereafter. To evaluate the effect of FLU in vivo, N. caninum-infected mice were treated with FLU for 15days. FLU treatment appeared to ameliorate acute neosporosis induced by lethal parasite challenge. Together, our data shows that ABA might control egress in N. caninum. Therefore, FLU has potential as a candidate drug for the treatment of acute neosporosis.

PubMed | University of Cebu, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine and University of the Philippines
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Parasitology international | Year: 2016

Babesia vogeli is a tick-borne protozoal pathogen that infects erythrocytes. In Southeast Asia, this pathogen has only been reported in Thailand. In this study, nine dogs presented at three different veterinary clinics in Cebu City, Philippines were found positive for B. vogeli. DNA was extracted from blood samples and tested using a PCR for genus Babesia and a PCR specific for B. vogeli (both based on the 18S rRNA gene). Blood smears (triplicate) from each sample were found negative. All positive amplicons were sequenced and were found to be 99.4% identical to registered B. vogeli sequences at Genbank. Phylogenetic analysis revealed monophyletic grouping of Philippine sequences with the registered A. platys Genbank sequences. This is the first report of B. vogeli infection in dogs in the Philippines.

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