Cebu City, Philippines

University of Cebu
Cebu City, Philippines

University of Cebu is an educational institution in Cebu City, Philippines, founded in 1964.It has four campuses: the Main Campus along Sanciangko Street; the Banilad Campus along Gov. Cuenco Ave., Brgy. Banilad; the UC-LM Campus ; and the UC-METC along Alumnos St., Mambaling. Another campus, the UC-South Campus along Sanciangko Street, was demolished and replaced by an expansion of UC's sister company Elizabeth Mall . Wikipedia.

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Funesto E.G.M.,University of Cebu | Flores M.J.L.,University of Cebu
Applied Ecology and Environmental Research | Year: 2017

Helicostyla daphnis (Broderip, 1841), an arboreal edible snail endemic to Cebu, Philippines that was thought to be extinct, was discovered to be still thriving. To formulate strategies for conservation of H. daphnis, a survey of selected physicochemical parameters and local ecological knowledge (LEK) that could affect its population was conducted. On each the three sites, physicochemical parameters were measured and a standardized direct search method for snails was used. LEK was gathered among fifteen snail-hunting experts. Snail total abundance significantly varied across sites in the dry season (p=0.006), being highest at Site 1(private property), and least in at Site 2 (tree plantation). Snails were found to be more abundant in the dry season than the wet (dry=306; wet=152) but significant only at Site 1. Adult snails were the most dominant among the age categories in both the dry and wet seasons. Neonates, comprising 5% of the sampled population, were found only in the wet season. Relative humidity and air temperature were the major determinants of the total abundance. However LEK gathered pointed out that overharvesting and habitat destruction could be major contributors as well. Ficus leucantatoma, Buchananiaar borescens and Artocarpus heterophyllus are the vegetation most prefered by H. daphnis, according to LEK. © 2017, ALÖKI Kft., Budapest, Hungary.

Bongo M.F.,University of San Carlos | Ocampo L.A.,University of Cebu
Journal of Air Transport Management | Year: 2017

In this paper, we introduce the application of an integrated fuzzy multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) model to mitigate airport congestion which affects the on-time performance of airlines, operational reputation of airports, and air travel experience of passengers. In a classical approach, when congestion occurs at the destination airport while the aircraft is en-route, an air traffic flow management action is prompted for implementation. In selecting the most suitable action in the event of airport congestion, the decision must reflect the multiple criteria nature of the problem as well as the uncertainty and vagueness associated with the decision-making process; thus, an integrated fuzzy MCDM is adopted. The applicability of the proposed approach is demonstrated in a case study at Ninoy Aquino International Airport. It is found that stakeholders of the commercial aviation industry favored to apply rerouting, among other actions, as this satisfies aviation safety as the most prioritized criterion. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd

Ocampo L.,University of Cebu
International Journal of Manufacturing, Materials, and Mechanical Engineering | Year: 2017

This paper adopts a fuzzy analytic network process approach in identifying the impact of the presence of firm size on the content of the manufacturing strategy infrastructural decisions that integrates the classical manufacturing strategy framework and the notion of sustainability. Linguistic variables with equivalent triangular fuzzy numbers were used to elucidate judgment of elements in pairwise comparison matrices within the context of the analytic network process. Analytic network process effectively handles the complexity of the decision-making problem resulting from the subjectivity and interrelationships inherent among decision components. Domain experts in manufacturing strategy and sustainability were asked to elicit judgment in pairwise comparisons. Results show that the content of the infrastructural decisions of manufacturing strategy remains constant regardless of the presences of firm size component. However, the priority of each decision to the goal which can be translated as the priority of implementation of each policy varies with the presence of firm size. Copyright © 2017, IGI Global.

Vilbar A.P.,University of Cebu | Ferrer-Malaque C.,University of Cebu
IISA 2016 - 7th International Conference on Information, Intelligence, Systems and Applications | Year: 2016

Responding to the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Community Educational Action to teach common ASEAN values in curricula and to develop materials using the United Nations Education for Sustainable Development (UN-ESD), this research aims to train teachers on how to develop interactive multimedia English as a Second Language (ESL) courseware that promotes ASEAN culture and literature and UN-ESD. It uses the ADDIE Instructional Design: (1) Analysis Stage. In this stage, 17 teachers enrolled in the Master of Education ESL course were trained to develop courseware. Computer programming was integrated in the course. The teachers designed the Grade 8 English syllabus by matching the required competencies to the ASEAN content and the UN-ESD Key Thrusts. (2) Design Stage. It finalized the interactive multimedia courseware syllabus that promoted viewing, reading skills, grammar, and intercultural communicative competence. (3) In the Development Stage, teachers did the courseware production; the courseware underwent readability and content reliability. (4) In the Implementation Stage, the courseware underwent field and pilot testing. Findings from the evaluation, reflections, interviews, and field testing show that: (1) The courseware scored 4.47 (Strongly observable); (2) The courseware promoted the desired objectives; and (3) With the use of authoring software and right training, teachers with limited background on computer programming can develop their own courseware. © 2016 IEEE.

Ocampo L.,University of Cebu
International Journal of Management Science and Engineering Management | Year: 2017

This paper explores the probabilistic fuzzy analytic network process (PROFUZANP) approach in identifying the content of manufacturing strategy infrastructural decisions that attempt to integrate a sustainability and classical manufacturing strategy framework, in the presence of firm size as a relevant component in decision-making. Linguistic variables with equivalent triangular fuzzy numbers (TFNs) are used to elucidate the judgment of elements in pairwise comparison in the framework of the analytic network process (ANP). The ANP effectively handles the complexity of decision-making brought about by the subjectivity and relationships among components of the decision model. Integration of expert judgments conducted by introducing a normal probability distribution in each pairwise comparison with mean equal to the geometric mean of the judgment and standard deviation equal to a predefined perturbation of judgment around the mean. Pre-selected experts in manufacturing strategy and sustainability were asked to elicit judgment in pairwise comparison. Results show that the content of the infrastructural decisions of manufacturing strategy remains constant regardless of the types of firm size. However, the priority of each decision to the goal, which can be translated as the priority of implementation of each policy, varies between large firms and SMEs. The main contribution of this paper is a novel approach that holistically captures the judgmental uncertainty of individual decision-makers and the uncertainty of group decision-making. © 2017 International Society of Management Science and Engineering Management

Abcede R.,University of Cebu | Gera W.,University of Cebu | Gera W.,University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna
Ecosystem Services | Year: 2016

Within the context of growing economic integration in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), recent questions have been raised with regard to how member states employ law as a means of regional integration to promote sustainable development. Taking into account the primacy of ecosystem services for sustainability, this study examines the coherence of legal frameworks for ecosystem services among ASEAN member states toward a unified regional legal agenda for sustainable mineral development. Analyzed along three aspects of the Ecosystem Services Approach, the paper reviews the different mining related legislations and implementing regulations of member states, and examines whether there is convergence in their legal provisions for ecosystem services. The study shows that all member states provide legal mechanisms for ecosystem management in their mining operations. However, the following could be noted: 1) a lack of coherent identification and targeting of ecosystem services despite 'intermediate' services being embedded in provisions for ecosystem conservation; 2) a lack of legal provisions for integration of ecosystem services in mining impact assessments, and for ecosystem services valuation, which render environmental impact assessments, compensation structures and royalty regimes inadequate; and 3) a density of legal differentials around how states allocate regulatory authorities for ecosystem management in mining. These represent a prevailing fragmentation among member states' legal frameworks for ecosystem services, which does not create an enabling condition for legal integration in ASEAN's regional mineral strategies for sustainable development. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.

Escaran K.M.K.,University of Cebu | Roxas R.R.,University of Cebu
Proceedings of the 7th International Conference Confluence 2017 on Cloud Computing, Data Science and Engineering | Year: 2017

This paper presents a Visual Programming Environment that uses the Cyber-Film approach in programming some computational tasks. The film for the multistage network algorithm was developed as one of the films together with its template code in assembly language format. The generated executable code was run, and it was verified to run perfectly. The results show that Cyber-Film is a very promising approach in solving computational problems. © 2017 IEEE.

This paper provides an overview of the extent of institutionalization of public participation in environmental governance in the Philippines using the three-pillar framework of the Aarhus Convention and Principle 10 Guidelines: access to information, public participation in decision-making and access to justice in environmental matters. It analyzes the shifting demarcations of public engagement and how these are defined by the interplay of institutional-legal structures with the country's political economy constraints. It argues that while the country appears to have a strong institutional design for public participation, there is a decisively low level of institutionalization of actual participatory processes that could not achieve substantive autonomy from power structures. A critical factor to this is the weakness in public deliberations and interactions among civil society groups in the country that constrain legitimacy of representation, coherence and necessary consolidation in engagements with government institutions. While pluralism is a key tenet of public participation, the situation in the Philippines shows the limitations of its application, particularly amid a patrimonial political context. Such weakness amid complexities in aggregating public interest allows particular interests to predominate in reconfigurations of the boundaries of involvement in environmental matters, displacing otherwise legitimate groups in the margins of collaborative governance. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Montenegro C.S.,Silliman University | Maravillas E.A.,University of Cebu
8th International Conference on Humanoid, Nanotechnology, Information Technology, Communication and Control, Environment and Management, HNICEM 2015 | Year: 2015

Analysis of emotion in speech is manifested by the analysis of the vocal behavior of the nonverbal aspect of the speech. The basic assumption is that there is a set of objectively measurable voice parameters called prosodic aspects of speech, which can be assessed through computerized acoustical analysis. In this paper, we report results on recognizing emotional states (happy, sad, angry) from a corpus of short duration utterances using 18 acoustic-prosodic features. Four experiments were being conducted to perform correlations of the different prosodic-acoustic features and were evaluated against three different classifiers using a 10-fold cross-validation technique to estimate how accurately the classifier performs. © 2015 IEEE.

Menchavez J.C.L.,University of Cebu | Espinosa K.J.P.,University of Cebu
Proceedings - 15th IEEE International Conference on Data Mining Workshop, ICDMW 2015 | Year: 2015

With the growing use of social media in the Philippines, tourism-related user-generated content is readily available. As a growing hub of tourism and culture, this could be particularly useful to the country. However, a large amount of this data has gone unanalyzed. This study discusses and develops a way that could help bridge that gap using automated tourism-related tweet identification with Support Vector Machines and sentiment analysis with Naïve Bayes. F-scores of 0.943 and 0.81 were obtained by these components respectively, with the overall system obtaining an accuracy of 84%. Mapbox was used for visualization, with tweets plotted based on their geolocations and sentiments. This study can be used as a way of gathering tweets from the Philippines, identifying which could be relevant in terms of tourism information and presenting these in a way that could be useful and easy to understand and interpret. © 2015 IEEE.

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