Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2015-ETN | Award Amount: 3.95M | Year: 2015
TERRE aims to develop novel geo-technologies to address the competitiveness challenge of the European construction industry in a low carbon agenda. It will be delivered through an inter-sectoral and intra-European coordinated PhD programme focused on carbon-efficient design of geotechnical infrastructure. Industry and Research in the construction sector have been investing significantly in recent years to produce innovative low-carbon technologies. However, little innovation has been created in the geo-infrastructure industry, which is lagging behind other construction industry sectors. TERRE aims to close this gap through a network-wide training programme carried out by a close collaboration of eleven Universities and Research Centres and three SMEs. It is structured to provide a balanced combination of fundamental and applied research and will eventually develop operational tools such as software for low-carbon geotechnical design and a Decision Support System for infrastructure project appraisal. The research fellows will be involved in inter-sectoral and intra-European projects via enrolment in 8 Joint-Awards and 7 Industrial PhDs. The research fellows will be trained in low-carbon design by developing novel design concepts including eco-reinforced geomaterials, engineered vegetation, engineered soil-atmosphere interfaces, biofilms, shallow geothermal energy and soil carbon sequestration. Distinctive features of TERRE are the supervision by an inter-sectoral team and the orientation of the research towards technological applications. Training at the Network level includes the development of entrepreneurial skills via a special programme on Pathways to Research Enterprise to support the research fellows in establishing and leading spin-out companies after the end of the project.
LIQUEFACT - Assessment and mitigation of liquefaction potential across Europe: a holistic approach to protect structures / infrastructures for improved resilience to earthquake-induced liquefaction disasters
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: DRS-13-2015 | Award Amount: 4.94M | Year: 2016
Over the past decade, earthquakes proved to be the deadliest of all European disasters, with almost 19,000 fatalities and direct economic losses of approx. 29 billion. Earthquake Induced Liquefaction Disasters (EILDs) is responsible for tremendous amounts of the structural damages and fatalities; with experiences from recent events giving example of where approx. half of the economic loss was directly caused by liquefaction. Liquefaction is a phenomenon, with previously a low profile until recent earthquake events, in which the stiffness and strength of soil is reduced by seismic activity. With the causes of Liquefaction being known, it is important to recognize the factors that contribute to its occurrence; as well as the resulting hazards. The theory on how to address the subject has been comprehensive, as well as the engineering to reduce its consequences of liquefaction already developed; however, recent findings and advances need to be accurately examined in order to implement mitigation strategies practically. A systematic approach is needed for assessing the possibility of liquefaction on a site, prior to construction, then implementing the most appropriate liquefaction mitigation techniques. However, the variability of circumstances, invariably translates to multiple approaches of implementation, based on the susceptibility of the location to liquefaction, as well as the type and size of structure. The LIQUEFACT project addresses the mitigation of risks to EILD events in European communities with a holistic approach. The project not only deals with the resistance of structures to EILD events, but also, the resilience of the collective urban community in relation to their quick recovery from an occurrence. The LIQUEFACT project sets out to achieve a more comprehensive understanding of EILDs, the applications of the mitigation techniques, and the development of more appropriate techniques tailored to each specific scenario, for both Europe and global.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: PHC-06-2014 | Award Amount: 3.00M | Year: 2015
Cigarette smoking is a main risk factor for premature disease, disability and death in Europe, especially in disadvantaged groups. Prevention of youth smoking is crucial to any strategy aimed at reducing this disease burden in the future. Several potentially effective strategies and programs are available to address youth smoking. However, in practice their impact often appears to be limited, especially among socially disadvantaged youth. There is very little systematic evidence on HOW smoking prevention strategies and programs worked in practice, and WHY some programs seemed to influence youth smoking only in some settings or groups. Yet, such evidence is urgently needed to enable decision makers to use the resources available for smoking prevention in the most effective and equitable way. We will generate such evidence by addressing these HOW and WHY questions in a comparative approach. For Finland, Ireland, Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, Italy and Portugal, we aim to assess HOW strategies and programs to prevent smoking in national and local settings affected smoking behaviour of 16 year olds. Moreover, we aim to assess HOW and WHY this impact varied according to city, school, gender, and socioeconomic group. We will be among the first to apply the approach of realist evaluation to the evaluation of preventive programs, and to use this innovative approach to compare European countries. We will acquire primary data that are comparable across these countries, including a quantitative survey among 10,000\ students, and in-depth structured interviews with students and various stakeholders. We expect to make a major contribution to the reduction of disease burden and health inequalities among future elderly populations. We will apply a new method for learning from different countries, and for generating the fine-grained evidence that is needed to develop youth smoking prevention programs that are context-sensitive, cost-effective and equity-oriented.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2011-1.1.3. | Award Amount: 8.84M | Year: 2012
The Collaborative EuropeaN Digital Archive Infrastructure (CENDARI) will provide and facilitate access to existing archives and resources in Europe for the study of medieval and modern European history through the development of an enquiry environment. This environment will increase access to records of historic importance across the European Research Area, creating a powerful new platform for accessing and investigating historical data in a transnational fashion overcoming the national and institutional data silos that now exist. It will leverage the power of the European infrastructure for Digital Humanities (DARIAH) bringing these technical experts together with leading historians and existing research infrastructures (archives, libraries and individual digital projects) within a programme of technical research informed by cutting edge reflection on the impact of the digital age on scholarly practice. The enquiry environment that is at the heart of this proposal will create new ways to discover meaning, a methodology not just of scale but of kind. It will create tools and workspaces that allow researchers to engage with large data sets via federated multilingual searches across heterogeneous resources while defining workflows enabling the creation of personalized research environments, shared research and teaching spaces, and annotation trails, amongst other features. This will be facilitated by multilingual authority lists of named entities (people, places, events) that will harness user involvement to add intelligence to the system. Moreover, it will develop new visual paradigms for the exploration of patterns generated by the system, from knowledge transfer and dissemination, to language usage and shifts, to the advancement and diffusion of ideas.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: HEALTH.2011.3.3-1 | Award Amount: 2.25M | Year: 2012
For any strategy aimed to reduce socioeconomic inequities in health in Europe it is vital to tackle the large and widening inequalities in smoking. However, there is only limited evidence on effectiveness of tobacco control policies in terms of reducing inequalities. Especially lacking are evaluations of the effects of policies that have actually been implemented in different European countries. In addition, no studies have assessed the role of strategic drivers such as social welfare or educational policies. The aim of the proposed project is to analyse various natural policy experiments within Europe with the aim to generate new empirical evidence on the effectiveness of possible strategies to reduce inequalities in smoking. The project has three parts. First, time trends in various European countries will be analyzed with the aim to assess whether changes in national tobacco control policies have influenced inequalities in smoking cessation among adults. Second, comparisons between European countries will be made with the aim to assess whether cross-national differences in specific tobacco control policies were associated with inequalities in smoking initiation among adolescents. These cross-national comparisons will also assess whether different types of educational systems are associated with inequalities in smoking initiation. Third, the project will review the published results of intervention studies, and integrate these with our results. The combined evidence base will be disseminated across Europe, especially among those who are involved in the development of tobacco control policies and health-in-all policies. This innovative project will develop comparative research into a new strategy for the evaluation of natural experiments, combining methods from different disciplines. Top researchers from different European countries will work together, and bring together four large international networks relevant to inequities in smoking.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: FoF-ICT-2013.7.1 | Award Amount: 22.24M | Year: 2014
The European manufacturing industry needs competitive solutions to keep global leadership in products and services. Exploiting synergies across application experts, technology suppliers, system integrators and service providers will speed up the process of bringing innovative technologies from research labs to industrial end-users. As an enabler in this context, the EuRoC initiative proposes to launch three industry-relevant challenges: 1) Reconfigurable Interactive Manufacturing Cell, 2) Shop Floor Logistics and Manipulation, 3) Plant Servicing and Inspection. It aims at sharpening the focus of European manufacturing through a number of application experiments, while adopting an innovative approach which ensures comparative performance evaluation. Each challenge is launched via an open call and is structured in 3 stages. 45 Contestants are selected using a challenge in a simulation environment: the low barrier of entry allows new players to compete with established robotics teams. Matching up the best Contestants with industrial end users, 15 Challenger teams are admitted to the second stage, where the typical team is formed by research experts, technology suppliers, system integrators, plus end users. Teams are required to benchmark use cases on standard robotic platforms empowered by this consortium. After a mid-term evaluation with public competition, the teams advance to showcasing the use case in a realistic environment. After an open judging process, 6 Challenge Finalists are admitted to run pilot experiments in a real environment at end-user sites to determine the final EuRoC Winner. A number of challenge advisors and independent experts decide about access to the subsequent stages. A challenge-based approach with multiple stages of increasing complexity and financial support for competing teams will level the playing field for new contestants, attract new developers and new end users toward customisable robot applications, and provide sustainable solutions to carry out future challenges.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-EJD | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2014-EJD | Award Amount: 3.92M | Year: 2015
The Advanced Biological Waste-to-Energy Technologies (ABWET) EJD provides education and research at PhD level on environmental technologies that convert waste materials into bioenergy, training doctoral candidates to think globally and work in multidisciplinary research teams. This makes ABWET alumni attractive for European universities and industry, able to contribute to solving the global challenges of waste management, energy scarcity and sustainable development. ABWET is centred around environmental technologies for treatment of waste, with a focus on anaerobic treatment processes, valorisation of the digestate and biofuel clean-up. ABWET focuses on fundamental and applied research of different treatment technologies as well as on the development of innovative recovery and reuse technologies with enhanced market potential. A strong industrial participation will bring a close connection to practical problems. ABWET provides its doctoral candidates training through research stipulated in a PhD proposal and through education detailed in an Individual Training and Supervision Plan, whereas a career development plan provides guidance on career paths, the labour market and professional development. The ABWET EJD aims to continue the successful Erasmus Mundus Joint Doctorate Environmental Technologies for Contaminated Soils, Sediments and Solid Waste (ETeCoS3), which developed a joint PhD education and research curriculum with joint selection, supervision and PhD defence procedures. The current three ETeCoS3 beneficiaries issue a fully joint PhD degree in Environmental Technology, recognised by the respective academic boards. ABWET will expand the degree awarding consortium with a 4th beneficiary, Tampere University of Technology Finland. A special Work Package is dedicated to adapt the ETeCoS3 consortium agreement and streamline the PhD graduation requirements so that ABWET graduates will receive a joint doctoral degree issued by the 4 beneficiaries.
Migliore M.D.,University of Cassino and Southern Lazio
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation | Year: 2011
A technique for array diagnosis using a small number of measured data acquired by a near-field system is proposed. The technique, inspired by some recent results in the field of compressed sensing, requires the preliminary measurement of a failure-free reference array. The linear system relating the difference between the field measured using the reference array and the field radiated by the array under test, and the difference between the coefficients of the reference and of the AUT array, is solved using a proper regularization procedure. Numerical examples confirm that the technique gives satisfactory results in terms of failure detection with a reduction in the number of data of two orders of magnitudes compared to standard back-propagation technique and of one order of magnitude compared to the number of elements of the array, provided that the number of fault elements is small. This result is relevant in practical applications, since the high cost of large array diagnosis in near-field facilities is mainly caused by the time required for the data acquisition. Accordingly, the technique is particularly suitable for routine testing of arrays. © 2006 IEEE.
D'Urso M.G.,University of Cassino and Southern Lazio
Journal of Geodesy | Year: 2014
On the basis of recent analytical results we derive new formulas for computing the gravity effects of polyhedral bodies which are expressed solely as function of the coordinates of the vertices of the relevant faces. We thus prove that such formulas exhibit no singularity whenever the position of the observation point is not aligned with an edge of a face. In the opposite case, the contribution of the edge to the potential to its first-order derivative and to the diagonal entries of the second-order derivative is deemed to be zero on the basis of some claims which still require a rigorous mathematical proof. In contrast with a common statement in the literature, it is proved that only the off-diagonal entries of the second-order derivative of the potential do exhibit a noneliminable singularity when the observation point is aligned with an edge of a face. The analytical provisions on the range of validity of the derived formulas have been fully confirmed by the Matlab® program which has been coded and thoroughly tested by computing the gravity effects induced by real asteroids at arbitrarily placed observation points. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.