Cape Coast, Ghana

University Of Cape Coast
Cape Coast, Ghana

The University of Cape Coast is a university in Ghana. The university was established in 1962 out of a dire need for highly qualified and skilled manpower in education and was affiliated to the University of Ghana. It was established to train graduate teachers for second cycle institutions such as teacher training colleges and technical institutions, a mission that the two existing universities were unequipped to fulfill. Since its establishment, the university has added to its functions the training of education planners, administrators, agriculturalists and health care professionals. In pursuance of its mission, the university restructured its degree program from BA, BSc and BEd in education to B.A/BSc with non-education content and a BEd, a professional qualification in Education.The university now offers courses in BA, B.Com, BEd, BSc, LLB, MA, MBA, MEd, MSc, MPhil, MBChB, OD, and PhD. Wikipedia.

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Neupane S.,University of Tampere | Doku D.,University Of Cape Coast
Maternal and Child Health Journal | Year: 2013

This study investigated risk factors associated with the type of birth attendants and timing of postnatal care among a nationally representative sample of Nepalese women. The 2006 Nepalese Demographic and Health Survey on women age 15-49 years old who had delivered within 3 years prior to the survey (N = 4,136) was used. Multivariate logistic regression was employed to study the association between socio-demographic variables and type of birth attendants and timing of postnatal care. Only 23 % deliveries were assisted by skilled attendants. A majority of Nepalese women did not have postnatal checkups. Education (OR = 1.46, 95 % CI = 1.11-1.92), wealth (OR = 2.57, 95 % CI = 1.59-4.15) and sufficiency of advice during pregnancy (OR = 3.09, 95 % CI = 2.16- 4.41), were all independently associated with having postnatal check-ups. Similarly, maternal age, education, parity, wealth, sufficiency of advice and place of delivery were associated with having delivery assisted by a skilled attendant. The utilization of postnatal services is still very low in Nepal. Public health interventions are needed to increase the utilization of postnatal care as well as delivery assisted by skilled attendants. Such interventions should target poor women, the less educated and those in rural areas in Nepal. © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012.

Doku D.,University Of Cape Coast
BMC Public Health | Year: 2012

Background: The association between risky sexual behaviours and substance uses among Ghanaian youth were investigated. Methods. An in-school cross-sectional representative survey was conducted among 12-18-year- old youth in Ghana in 2008 (N=1195, response rate =90%). Logistic regression analyses were employed to investigate the association between substance use (tobacco use, drunkenness, marijuana use and other drug uses) and risky sexual behaviours (sexual debut, condom use and number of sexual partners). Results: Of all youth, 25% (28% boys and 23% girls) were sexually experienced. The mean age for first sexual intercourse was 14.8years (14.4years for boys and 15.1years for girls). Among the sexually experienced, 31% had multiple sexual partners. Older age (OR=3.4, 95% CI=1.7-3.4) and rural residency (OR=1.5, 95% CI=1.1-2.1) were independently associated with sexual debut while only older age (OR=2.4, 95% CI=1.7-3.4) was associated with condom use. Additionally, smoking (OR=3.7, 95% CI=2.0-6.8), tawa use (OR=2.4, 95% CI=1.3-4.7), tobacco use (OR=2.8, 95% CI=1.7-4.7) drunkenness (OR=1.7, 95% CI=1.1-2.8) and marijuana use (OR=3.3, 95% CI=1.6-7.0) were independently associated with sexual debut. Furthermore, all substance uses studied were associated with having one or multiple sexual partners. Conclusion: Substance use seems to be a gateway for risky sexual behaviours among Ghanaian youth. Public health interventions should take into account the likelihood of substance use among sexually experienced youth. © 2012 Doku; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Abane A.M.,University Of Cape Coast
Journal of Transport Geography | Year: 2011

The paper examines the travel behaviour of residents in four key metropolitan areas in Ghana with data from 926 respondents including 451 females obtained at intra-commuter vehicle terminals. The analysis of the data showed that the Ghana Private Road Transport Union (GPRTU) continues to dominate in the intra-urban commuter service. Also, in spite of persistent complaints from consumers about the high cost of transport fares, it is rather the cost of food, children's education, clothing and to some extent personal entertainment which consume a disproportionate share of residents' disposable incomes. Notwithstanding this finding, respondents' expectation is to pay less than they are doing now for commuting within the study areas. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

Background: There is a growing interest in larval control intervention to supplement existing malaria control strategies, particularly in urban areas. However, effective implementation requires a good understanding of habitat ecology of Anopheles mosquitoes. Clean water bodies have long been reported by several studies as a preferred breeding habitat for Anopheles gambiae. Other studies have also reported the breeding of An. gambiae in polluted water bodies. However, the term clean or polluted is mostly based on visual examination and is not well defined. This study was conducted with the aim of assessing water quality in Anopheles breeding habitats and the practicability of larval control in Cape Coast, Ghana. Methods: A larval survey was conducted for 15 months in Cape Coast. In individual breeding habitats, habitat characteristics, physicochemical parameters and bacterial fauna were measured in both Anopheles positive breeding (APL) habitats and habitats colonized by only Culex species. The sibling species of An. gambiae were identified using PCR assay. Results: Anopheles coluzzii dominated in almost all the APL habitats found in this study. The habitats had high levels of salinity and ammonium ions. However, ammonium ions were significantly higher (p = 0.001) in habitats colonized by only Culex larvae compared to APL habitats. About 47 % of the habitats that were colonized by only Culex larvae had no measurable dissolved oxygen while An. coluzzii was absent in such habitats. High concentration of faecal bacteria confirmed faecal contamination in both groups of breeding habitats. Conclusions: From the results, it was evident that larval stages of An. coluzzii have tolerance to high levels of salinity and organic pollution in breeding habitats. However, its level of tolerance to organic pollution is probably lower than Culex larvae. The nature of breeding habitats found in the city demonstrates the opportunistic behaviour of An. coluzzii and how its breeding requirements are so intimately intertwined with the haphazard and uncontrolled human activities in the urban area. Considering the nature of APL habitats, larval control intervention could greatly reduce Anopheles population. However, improving basic hygiene and sanitation in the city could even make larval control intervention more practical and cost effective. © 2015 Kudom.

Essumang D.K.,University Of Cape Coast
Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology | Year: 2010

Tissues from Manta birostris caught by fishermen from Dixcove in the western part of Ghana were analyzed for their Platinum, palladium and rhodium concentrations (PGM). The use of chondrichthyan fish has permitted the study of trace levels of Platinum group metals (PGMs) which have travelled very far into the sea. The analysis showed that Ghana's coastline is fairly polluted with these platinum group metals (PGMs). PGM concentration in manta ray recorded a range of (0.15-0.85) μg/g for Pt, (0.033-0.67) μg/g for Pd and (0.007-0.145) μg/g for Rh. Comparing these values to the UK dietary intake of 0.2 μg/day for Pt and Rh and 1.0 μg/day for Pd, its indicates that the values obtained from the analysis for Pt was above the required level. This is the first study to show the accumulation of PGM in chondrichthyan fish, although the sources of this pollution are not clear as manta birostris is migratory and therefore need to be investigated further. The presence of the PGM is very significant, since manta ray meat is consumed in Ghana. This may presents a health risk, due to a possible accumulation of PGMs in humans. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

The use of herbal medicinal products and supplements has increased tremendously over the past three decades with not less than 80% of people worldwide relying on them for some part of primary healthcare. Although therapies involving these agents have shown promising potential with the efficacy of a good number of herbal products clearly established, many of them remain untested and their use are either poorly monitored or not even monitored at all. The consequence of this is an inadequate knowledge of their mode of action, potential adverse reactions, contraindications, and interactions with existing orthodox pharmaceuticals and functional foods to promote both safe and rational use of these agents. Since safety continues to be a major issue with the use of herbal remedies, it becomes imperative, therefore, that relevant regulatory authorities put in place appropriate measures to protect public health by ensuring that all herbal medicines are safe and of suitable quality. This review discusses toxicity-related issues and major safety concerns arising from the use of herbal medicinal products and also highlights some important challenges associated with effective monitoring of their safety. © 2014 Ekor.

Agyei D.D.,University Of Cape Coast | Voogt J.M.,University of Twente
Computers and Education | Year: 2011

Research has shown that will (positive attitudes), skill (technology competency), and tool (access to technology tools) are all essential ingredients for a teacher to effectively integrate information technology into classroom practices. This study focuses on the will, skill and tool as essential measures for the predictability of technology integration, reported by the study participants and measured by stages of adoption of teachers in Ghana. Attempts are made to explore the extent to which these parameters differ among the teachers and also influence technology integration. Furthermore, the parameters are proposed for use in modelling the process of technology integration for these teachers. Well validated instruments spanning the areas of attitudes, competencies, access and technology integration proficiencies were used to collect data from 120 mathematics prospective teachers and 60 practicing mathematics teachers from Ghana. The data was analyzed using regression analysis. The results indicated that lack of teacher anxiety was the most important dimension of attitudes, and that skill is the strongest predictor of classroom integration of technology for the teachers. Significant differences existed between practicing and prospective teachers' computer anxieties, competencies, and access levels. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Amo-Adjei J.,University Of Cape Coast
Global Public Health | Year: 2014

As part of expanding and sustaining tuberculosis (TB) control, the Stop TB Partnership of the World Health Organization initiative has called for strong political commitment to TB control, particularly in developing countries. Framing political commitment within the theoretical imperatives of the political economy of health, this study explores the existing and the expected dimensions of political commitment to TB control in Ghana. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 29 purposively selected staff members of the Ghana Health Service and some political officeholders. In addition, the study analysed laws, policies and regulations relevant to TB control. Four dimensions of political commitment emerged from the interviews: provision of adequate resources (financial, human and infrastructural); political authorities' participation in advocacy for TB; laws and policies' promulgation and social protection interventions. Particularly in respect to financial resources, donors such as the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria presently give more than 60% of the working budget of the programme. The documentary review showed that laws, policies and regulations existed that were relevant to TB control, albeit they were not clearly linked. © 2014 © 2014 Taylor & Francis.

Asiedu K.,University Of Cape Coast
Eye and Contact Lens | Year: 2016

BACKGROUND:: To estimate the prevalence and risk factors of symptomatic dry eye disease (DED) among undergraduate students in a Ghanaian university. METHODS:: This cross-sectional study included 700 undergraduate students of the University of Cape Coast, aged 18 to 34 years. Participants completed questionnaires delivered directly to randomly and systematically selected subjects to detect symptomatic dry eye and its predictive factors. Symptomatic dry eye was defined as any reported symptom on the Standard Patient Evaluation Eye Dryness (SPEED) questionnaire reported as often or constant or if any symptom on the Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) was reported as most of the time or all of the time. Furthermore, OSDI ≥13 and SPEED ≥6 were used to defined symptomatic dry eye and prevalence were also estimated with these criteria as secondary measures. Current symptoms of dry eye and possible risk factors such as age, gender, current alcohol drinking, use of oral contraceptives, use of computer more than an hour daily, environmental conditions, allergies, and self-medication with over-the-counter eye drops were the main outcome measures. We used logistic regression analysis to examine the associations between dry eye and its predictive factors. RESULTS:: Of the 700 participants, 650 completed the questionnaire. The prevalence of symptomatic dry eye was 44.3% (95% confidence interval [CI], 40.6%–48.2%). There was a significant association between symptomatic dry eye and discomfort with eyes in windy conditions (χ=110.1; df=4; P<0.001), areas with low humidity (χ=91.6; df=4; P<0.001), and air-conditioned rooms (χ=89.0; df=4; P<0.001). Self-medication with over-the-counter eye drops (OR 4.20; 95% CI, 2.61–6.74; P<0.001), any allergies (OR 2.46; 95% CI, 1.42–4.29; P=0.001), and use of oral contraceptives (OR 4.04; 95% CI, 1.02–16.01; P=0.047) were predictive factors of symptomatic dry eye. Sex was predictive in univariate analysis but was not significantly associated in multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS:: The prevalence of symptomatic dry eye among undergraduate students in Ghana is high and it is associated with self-medication with over-the-counter eye drops, allergies, use of oral contraceptive, windy conditions, very low humid areas, air-conditioned rooms, and sex. Relevant input directed against modifiable risks factors may have a positive impact on the well-being of undergraduate students in Ghana. © 2016 Contact Lens Association of Ophthalmologists, Inc.

Armah F.A.,University Of Cape Coast
Research Journal of Environmental Toxicology | Year: 2011

Pesticide residue analysis carried out at the farm gate, market level and other spatial scales may be of immense significance as an indicator of the potential risks that pesticide exposure has on human health. Cabbage samples at the farm-gate were analysed to determine the types of pesticides used by vegetable farmers in Cape Coast and ascertain whether levels of pesticide residues are below permissible Maximum Residue Limits. Twenty-one pesticide residues were detected in the cabbage samples of which 9 are pyrethroìds and 12 are organophosphates. Pesticide residues at levels exceeding the Maximum Residue Limits were found in more than two-thirds of the total number of samples. The results are as follows: Allethrin (1.52411±3.024054 mg Kg -1), deltamethrin (4.74690±1.694768 mg Kg -1), cypermethrm (0.31180±0.367967 mg Kg -1), fenvalerate 2 (0.20590±0.150179 mg Kg -1), permethrm (0.14700±0.066119 mg Kg -1), ethoprophos (1.13544±0.442078 μg g -1), phorate (0.67820±0.809661 μg g -1), chlorfenvinp (0.31520±0.155821 μg g -1) and femtrothion (0.16500±0.189241 μg g -1). High levels of pesticide residue were observed for allenthrin (9.566 mg Kg -1) and phorate (2.077 μg g -1). Three of the pesticide residues (cypermethrin, permethrin and parathion) are considered to be potentially carcinogenic. Methamidophos and fenvalerate are the only pesticide residues that were not detected in any of the samples whereas fonofos, profenofos, clorfenvinp and pirimiphos-methyl were restricted to cabbage samples from only one location. Strong correlations exist among a number of pesticide residues suggesting a common origin. Principal component analysis indicates that the data is a two-component system explaining 63% of total variance. Component 1 shows strong positive factor loadings on cypermethrin, deltamethrin and cyfluthrin 3 whereas component 2 shows strong negative factor loadings on phorate and fenvalerate 2. Cluster analysis grouped the pesticide residues into two spatially dissimilar categories of 6 and 4 members. The high levels and wide assortment of pesticide residues found in this study suggest the need to put into effect regulations regarding the proper use of pesticides on vegetables. © 2011 Academic Journals Inc.

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