The University of Camerino is a university located in Camerino, Italy. The University of Camerino is the best university of Italy with fewer than 10,000 students according to the Guida Censis Repubblica 2011 and 2012 ranking. The University of Camerino is the 16th oldest university in the world. It claims to have been founded in 1336, was officially recognized by the Pope in 1727, and is organized into five faculties. Wikipedia.
News Article | April 17, 2017
Fermions are ubiquitous elementary particles. They span from electrons in metals, to protons and neutrons in nuclei and to quarks at the sub-nuclear level. Further, they possess an intrinsic degree of freedom called spin with only two possible configurations, either up or down. In a new study published in EPJ B, theoretical physicists explore the possibility of separately controlling the up and down spin populations of a group of interacting fermions. Their detailed theory describing the spin population imbalance could be relevant, for instance, to the field of spintronics, which exploits polarised spin populations. Imbalanced Fermi particle mixtures occur in matter like, for example, semiconductors placed in a magnetic field, in nuclear matter, and in the plasma of neutron stars, which combines the elementary sub-particles quarks and gluons. Pierbiagio Pieri and Giancarlo Calvanese Strinati from the University of Camerino, Italy, focused on an interacting fermion system where the up and down spin populations are imbalanced. They extended the proof of a theorem that was originally conceived for the exact theory of a Fermi liquid with equal populations of up and down spin, called the Luttinger theorem, to these imbalanced systems. Previous experimental observations involved separately controlling the number of fermions with a given spin, leading to free movement with no viscosity in the gas particles, reaching a superfluid state. The work by Wolfgang Ketterle and his group at MIT, USA, in 2008, also demonstrated that the difference between two spin populations can be made so large that superfluidity is destroyed and the system remains normal even at zero temperature. In turn, this latest theoretical work introduces a constraint that is key to numerical calculations for such large quantum many-body systems, namely that the radii of the two Fermi spheres, which characterise the non-interacting systems of spin-up and spin-down fermions, are separately preserved when the interaction between the spin-up and spin-down fermions is initiated. Explore further: Researchers create better algorithm for simulating particles in Fermi Sea More information: Pierbiagio Pieri et al, Luttinger theorem and imbalanced Fermi systems, The European Physical Journal B (2017). DOI: 10.1140/epjb/e2017-80071-2
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2013.7.3.3 | Award Amount: 4.42M | Year: 2013
SIRBATT (Stable Interfaces for Rechargeable Batteries) is a multisite collaborative project consisting of 12 full partners from the European Area (6 Universities, 1 Research Institute and 5 industrial partners). Collaboration with leading battery research groups in the USA and Japan is also considered. The diversity of the research organisations in the partnership has been chosen to provide a wide range of complementary expertise in areas relating to the study of battery electrode interfaces, covering both experimental and theoretical aspects of this important contemporary area. SIRBATT will develop microsensors to monitor internal temperature and pressure of lithium cells in order to maintain optimum operating conditions to allow long-life times that can be scaled for use in grid scale batteries. The cells will comprise of candidate electrode materials in which the complex interfacial region and surface layers have been well characterised and understood via utilisation of a suit of advanced in situ measurement techniques complemented by application of transformative modelling methods. The knowledge from these studies will be used to develop candidate electrode materials with an optimised cycle life and stability, for example by the use of novel stable lithium salts and the inclusion of stable film forming additives into the electrolyte. The scientific aim of SIRBATT is the radical improvement in the fundamental understanding of the structure and reactions occurring at lithium battery electrode/electrolyte interfaces which it will seek to achieve through an innovative programme of collaborative research and development.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2016 | Award Amount: 2.43M | Year: 2017
Our society in Europe is still under prepared for the demographic changing situation of an ageing population which began several decades ago. This is visible in the age structure of the population and is reflected by the fact that the population aged 65 years and over is increasing in every European country. The growth in the elderly population may be explained by increased longevity, but at the same time, we also see an increase in debilitating conditions. However, it is also clear that the elderly are afflicted by challenging health conditions as a direct consequence of being elderly which impact their quality of life (QOL), e.g. living alone, depression, recovery from illness, immobility. This is what we would like to address. Living longer should be a privilege but there has been a collective failure to address social implications and QOL issues, where social care and the way it is funded are already in crisis. Our aim in this project is to couple the need for new societal approaches in addressing this changing demographic with improving the economy of green microenvironment sites, where health tourism and creating new jobs in this sector would in turn fund and provide benefits with respect to the well-being of the elderly. The ultimate outcome, through this pan-European academic and industrial project, will be: a) to derive cross-disciplinary and inter-sectorial knowledge of how to improve physical and mental well-being in the elderly, b) to characterise the environmental geology of Nemi and to correlate the identified features with improvements in health, well-being and recovery, c) to train a new generation of specialists in the sector of recreation and health for the tourism industry, d) the training of specialists in social and therapeutic horticulture (STH) as a way to improve physical and mental health, e) to create a model for health tourism, and f) to produce a business plan with an economic impact analysis.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FETPROACT-01-2016 | Award Amount: 10.00M | Year: 2017
The hybrid optomechanical technologies (HOT) consortium will lay the foundation for a new generation of devices, which connect, or indeed contain, several platforms at the nanoscale in a single hybrid system. As hybrid interfaces they will allow to harness the unique advantages of each subsystem within a nano-scale footprint, while as integrated hybrid devices they will enable entirely novel functionalities. A particular focus will be on nano-optomechanical devices that comprise electrical, microwave or optical systems with micro- and nano-mechanical systems. Research in the past decade, in particular by European groups, has shown the significant technological potential that such nano-optomechanical systems can offer, in particular by establishing a new way in which optical, radio-frequency and microwave signals can be interfaced. The present consortium includes leading academic groups and industrial partners to explore the potential of these hybrid-nano-optomechanical systems. It will explore hybrid opto- and electro-mechanical devices operating at the physical limit for conversion, synthesis, processing, sensing and measurement of EM fields, comprising radio, microwave frequencies to the terahertz domain. These spectral domains open realistic applications in the existing application domains of medical (e.g. MRI imaging), security (e.g. Radar and THz monitoring), positioning, timing and navigations (Oscillators) and for future quantum technology. The research aims at specific technological application, with realistic operating conditions and seeks to develop actual system demonstrators. In addition, it will explore how these hybrid transducers can be fabricated within standard CMOS processing, and thereby be made compatible with current manufacturing methods. The HOT devices will thereby impact todays technology and likewise address potential future need for the manipulation of quantum signals.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.8.2 | Award Amount: 3.53M | Year: 2014
In modern society public administrations (PAs) are undergoing a transformation of their perceived role from controllers to proactive service providers, and are under pressure to constantly improve their service quality while coping with quickly changing context (changes in law and regulations, societal globalization, fast technology evolution) and decreasing budgets. Civil servants are challenged to understand and put in action latest procedures and rules within tight time constraints. Learn PAd will build an innovative holistic e-learning platform for PAs that enables process-driven learning and fosters cooperation and knowledge-sharing. Learn PAd technical innovation is based on four pillars:\n1. a new concept of model-based e-learning (both process and knowledge)\n2. open and collaborative e-learning content management\n3. automatic, learner-specific and collaborative content quality assessment\n4. automatic model-driven simulation-based learning and testing\nLearn PAd considers learning and working strongly intertwined (learning while doing). The platform supports both an informative learning approach based on enriched business process (BP) models, and a procedural learning approach based on simulation and monitoring (learning by doing). Formal verification and natural language processing techniques will ensure quality of content and documentation. Specialized ontologies and KPIs will be defined to keep learners engaged, while automatically derived tests will challenge their acquired knowledge. Learn PAd is inspired by open-source communities principles and cooperation spirit: contents are produced by the community, and meritocracy is naturally promoted, with leaders emerging because of their skill and expertise. Finally Learn PAd will contribute to dissemination and evolution of BPMN and related modeling standards.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.9.1 | Award Amount: 2.99M | Year: 2013
This project aims at the efficient realization of quantum interfaces for high-fidelity conversion and coherent manipulation of quantum states of phonons and of photons at vastly distinct wavelengths. We will consider different experimental platforms, e.g. photonic crystal cavities, nonlinear crystalline resonators, graphene-based nanoelectromechanical systems, and nanomembranes, with the aim of implementing interfaces that are able to interact simultaneously in a tunable way with optical and microwave fields. State transfer and controlled dynamics between radiation modes at completely different frequencies and between photons and phonons will be accomplished using diverse strategies, e.g. by tailoring the coupling of the interface with the fields, by exploiting electromagnetically-induced transparency, or the nonlinearities achievable in the strong coupling regime. The project results will enable new regimes for radio- and microwave electro-magnetic field detection, allowing quantum-limited amplification and readout of microwave and radio-frequency radiation. At the same time solid-state quantum devices which are now mainly manipulated by radiofrequencies and/or microwaves will become efficiently coupled to and controlled by optical fields.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2016 | Award Amount: 3.90M | Year: 2016
The proposed project is built on the successful training and research experience of the leading European research groups working in the field of cavity optomechanics. Our ENT unites a total of 14 leading groups in the field, of which two are major industrial players that utilize MEMS and NEMS - Bosch and IBM. The main goal of the project is to exploit optomechanical interactions in views of novel functionality and possible applications of cavity optomechanical systems that were envisioned by consortium partners during their previous research activities. The possible applications include for instance MEMS sensors based on two-dimensional materials like graphene, quantum limited microwave amplifiers, and low noise optical to microwave frequency photon converters. While the majority of the experiments will firmly reside in the realm of classical, albeit weak, signals or fields, the aspired performance will also allow exploiting schemes in scenarios where quantum nature of the signal is relevant.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2015-ETN | Award Amount: 3.92M | Year: 2016
The basic concept of our proposal is to develop nanoparticle-based encapsulated libraries of different immunotherapeutic biomolecules for treatment after surgery as part of a novel cancer management strategy. The current state-of-art for the management of cancer starts with surgery, after identification of an accessible tumour mass. Surgery remains an effective treatment option for many types of cancer today and it is considered curative treatment for most solid tumours. It forms part of a multidisciplinary approach used in conjunction with radiotherapy or chemotherapy. These approaches, however, have several limitations, including inability of surgical resection to affect distal metastatic disease, toxicity to healthy tissues with chemotherapy and lack of effectiveness of radiation therapy in more aggressive tumours. The observation that cancer can relapse months or years after initial surgery implies that micrometastases still resides within the body in a latent state. Our proposal is to take cancer therapy to beyond state-of-art by implementing techniques which will take us into new directions. This includes a) new methods to identify immune gene profiles and biomarkers b) transgenic mouse models where the complex interactions that underlie immune function can be visualised as multiplexed events in real time and c) the use of nanoparticle-based libraries of immune modulating reagent combinations. There are three key objectives within this project: i) to use immune gene signatures to monitor disease progression and therapeutic efficacy of immunotherapy combinations on nanoparticle-based platforms, ii) to optimise the platform to encapsulate libraries of immune components for more personalised, accurate and timely delivery of the payload to its intended target and iii) to optimise the overall cancer management process of image-guided surgery followed by postoperative immunotherapy so that we can ultimately provide a lifetime of protection against cancer.
Lancianesi S.,University of Camerino |
Palmieri A.,University of Camerino |
Petrini M.,University of Camerino
Chemical Reviews | Year: 2014
A subsequent reduction of the nitro group after the addition reaction ensures an efficient entry to tryptamine derivatives. Concerning route C, in principle it would be of wide applicability but the examples available in literature are restricted to the utilization of nitromethane, nitroethane and nitroacetate esters. Physical activation by ultrasound irradiation or simple heating of the reaction mixture is often enough to provide a successful reaction of indoles with nitroalkenes. The reaction is carried out under solvent-free conditions at room temperature. Microwave activation of the reaction mixture is effective in reducing the reaction time to a few minutes and has a variable effect on the chemical yields. Sulfuric acid adsorbed on silica gel can be used as catalyst for the FC reaction in DCE at room temperature. Other heterogeneous acid agents, such as montmorillonite K-10, heteropolyacids,24 zeolites, and mesopoporous 3D aluminosilicate, are also able to promote the FC reaction of indoles with nitroalkenes.