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Calicut, India

The University of Calicut is an affiliating university located at Thenjipalam in Malappuram district of Kerala state in India. The University has a number of off-campus centres in neighbouring districts especially Kozhikkode, Wayanadu, Thrissur, Palakkad and Lakshadweep islands and it conducts courses and examinations for the students of the affiliated colleges. The main campus in Thenjipalam has departments in most of the science and humanities areas. The departments offer post graduate courses and research programmes. However, the main business in the campus is administration and conduct of examinations for all the affiliated colleges which number above 250. In 2013 it is ranked as the 26th best university of India. Wikipedia.

Ramesan M.T.,University of Calicut
Polymer Engineering and Science

This article reports the facile synthesis of copper sulfide (CuS)/polyaniline (PANI) nanocomposites by in situ polymerization. The composites were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), UV-visible and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). SEM analysis showed that the metal sulfide nanoparticles were uniformly dispersed in the polymer matrix. The characteristic peaks in FTIR and UV-vis spectra of PANI were found to be shifted to higher wave numbers in PANI/CuS composite, which is attributed to the interaction of CuS nanoparticles with PANI chain. XRD pattern revealed the structurally ordered arrangement of polymer composite and this regularity increases with increase in concentration of nanoparticles. Glass transition temperature of the nanocomposite increased with increase in the concentration of nanoparticles and it indicated the ordered arrangement of the polymer composite than PANI. TGA studies indicated excellent thermal stability of polymer nanocomposite. The electrical properties of nanocomposites were studied from direct current and alternating current resistivity measurement. Conductivity, dielectric constant, and dissipation factor of the nanocomposite were significantly increased with the increase in CuS content in the nanocomposite. The enhancement of these properties suggests that the proposed PANI/CuS nanocomposites can be used as multifunctional materials for nanoelectronic devices. © 2013 Society of Plastics Engineers. Source

Ramesan M.T.,University of Calicut
Polymer - Plastics Technology and Engineering

This work focused on the preparation, characterization and conductivity studies of copper sulphide nanoparticle incorporated polypyrrole (PPy)/polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) blend by in situ chemical oxidative polymerization. The blend nanocomposites were examined by FTIR, SEM, XRD, TGA and electrical studies. The complexation of CuS with the polymer was confirmed by FTIR. The surface observed in the SEM image clarifies the uniformity in morphology. The XRD pattern reveals that the nanoparticle incorporated PPy and their blend showed a crystalline nature. TGA and conductivity studies indicated that the blend nanocomposites attain better thermal stability and conductivity than original polypyrrole and PPy/PVA blend. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source

Ramesan M.T.,University of Calicut
Journal of Applied Polymer Science

Nanocomposites of polypyrrole (PPy) containing copper sulfide (CuS) were synthesized by an in situ chemical oxidative polymerization. The nanocomposites were characterized by FTIR, SEM, XRD, DSC, TGA, and conductivity studies. The FTIR spectra ascertained the chemical interlinking of polypyrole with metal sulfide nanoparticles. Morphological analysis showed that the nanoparticles were uniformly covering the entire substrate. The XRD pattern reveals that the nanoparticle incorporated polypyrrole showed a crystalline nature and the crystallinity of the polymer increases with increase in concentration of CuS nanoparticles. From DSC, an increase in glass transition temperature shows the increased orderness in the polymer composite than in the pure polypyrrole. Thermal analysis (TGA) of the composite showed a progressive increase in the thermal stability with increase in content of CuS. The frequency dependent electrical properties (a.c. conductivity) of the nanocomposites were higher than that of polypyrrole. The d.c. electrical conductivity increased with increase in amount of nanoparticles in the polymer matrix. The results obtained for these composites have greater scientific and technological interest. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Nanoscale, high surface area spherical cerium oxide was prepared from aqueous cerium nitrate by homogeneous precipitation using ammonia. This synthesis route offers a versatile, low cost and environmental friendly method to produce nano ceria. The specimen powder was characterized with XRD, SEM, HRTEM, and UV-vis spectrophotometry. Cubic cerianite crystallites (CeO 2) were detected by powder XRD pattern, while Ce 3+ was also evident from XPS spectra and DR UV spectroscopy study. XPS spectra indicated that cerium in the nano crystals was predominantly tetravalent. Both Ce 2O 3 as well as oxygen vacancy contributed towards the presence of Ce 3+ in the sample. The particle size of the system was calculated from TEM analysis, XRD study and BET surface area analysis. The characterization revealed the particles to be spherical in shape with typical size 4-5 nm, which is a favourable characteristic feature for many applications. The direct optical band gap estimated from DR UV absorption spectrum was blue-shifted evidently with respect to the bulk material and indicated quantum-size confinement effect in nano crystallites. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Conducting polymer nanocomposites of polyindole (PIN)/copper sulfide (CuS) were fabricated by in situ polymerization of indole with different concentration of CuS nanoparticles. These composites were examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and electrical studies. XRD analysis confirmed that the composite began to crystallize by the incorporation of CuS nanoparticles. The IR spectrum shows the intermolecular interaction between PIN and CuS. SEM images revealed that the nanoparticles were uniformly embedded in the entire substrate. Glass transition temperature was found to be increased with increase in concentration of nanoparticles, which showed an ordered structure of the samples. TGA results indicated that the fabricated PIN/CuS composite attains better thermal stability than pure PIN. The dc conductivity of nanocomposite was significantly increased with increase in content of CuS nanoparticle. An increase in ac electrical conductivity and dielectric properties of the composite were observed with increase in molar concentration of CuS nanoparticles. Thus, enhancements in these properties suggest that the fabricated PIN/CuS nanocomposite has potential application in the field of nanotechnology. © 2012 Society of Plastics Engineers. Source

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