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Calabar, Nigeria

The University of Calabar - also known as UNICAL - is a university situated in Calabar, Cross River State, southeastern Nigeria. It is one of Nigeria's second generation universities. The University of Calabar was a campus of the University of Nigeria until 1975. The architecture was designed by John Elliott. It was established by decree to fulfill this traditional mandate, its motto “Knowledge for Service”.The Vice Chancellor is Prof James Epoke. The Registrar is Dr. Mrs. Julia Omang. The University of Calabar was one of the foremost Nigerian Universities to automate students' registration processes through the College Portal, and has taken a step further to automate her alumni relations which includes an online transcript request and processing first of its kind in the country.The male students are known as Malabites, while the female students are Malabresses. The male hostel is called Malabo. This was a result of challenges faced by the students at a time which coincided with the suffering experienced in Malabo by Nigerian deportees from Equatorial Guinea at the time. Wikipedia.

Oringanje C.,University of Calabar
The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

Sickle cell disease is a genetic disorder involving a defect in the red blood cells due to its sickled hemoglobin. The main therapeutic interventions include preventive and supportive measures. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantations are carried out with the aim of replacing the defective cells and their progenitors (hematopoietic (i.e. blood forming) stem cells) in order to correct the disorder. To determine whether stem cell transplantation can improve survival and prevent symptoms and complications associated with sickle cell disease. To examine the risks of stem cell transplantation against the potential long-term gain for people with sickle cell disease. We searched the Cochrane Cystic Fibrosis and Genetic Disorders Group Group's Haemoglobinopathies Trials Register complied from electronic searches of the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (updated each new issue of The Cochrane Library) and quarterly searches of MEDLINE.Unpublished work was identified by searching the abstract books of major conference proceedings and we conducted a search of the website: www.ClinicalTrials.gov.Date of the most recent search of the Group's Haemoglobinopathies Trials Register: 16 August 2012. Randomized controlled and quasi-randomized studies that compared any method of stem cell transplantation with either each other or with any of the preventive or supportive interventions (e.g. periodic blood transfusion, use of hydroxyurea, antibiotics, pain relievers, supplemental oxygen) in people with sickle cell disease irrespective of the type of sickle cell disease, gender and setting. No relevant trials were identified. Ten trials were identified by the initial search and none for the update. None of these trials were suitable for inclusion in this review. Reports on the use of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation improving survival and preventing symptoms and complications associated with sickle cell disease are currently limited to observational and other less robust studies. No randomized controlled trial assessing the benefit or risk of hematopoietic stem cell transplantations was found. Thus, this systematic review identifies the need for a multicentre randomized controlled trial assessing the benefits and possible risks of hematopoietic stem cell transplantations comparing sickle status and severity of disease in people with sickle cell disease. Source

The aim of this research was to study the physicochemical properties, degradation rates and vulnerability potential of coastal plain soils and suggest appropriate management strategies. Twenty composite soil samples (0-15 and 15-30 cm) collected from agricultural lands at ten locations in Akpabuyo Local Government Area of Cross River State of Nigeria were studied. The soils were characterized as follows: texture of loamy sand surface overlying sandy loam subsurface; pH (4.9-5.2), organic carbon (4.2-26.5 g kg-1), total nitrogen (0.4-2.2 g kg-1), carbon-nitrogen ratio (11-18), available P (45-73 mg kg-1), effective Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC) (2.63-5.52 cmol kg-1), base saturation (39-92%), Ca:Mg ratio (1.50-3.00) and Mg:K ratio (2.94-20.00). The Sou Degradation Rate (SDR)/Vulnerability potential (Vp) weighted values of texture (4/2), soil pH^oi (5/1), organic carbon (4/2), total nitrogen (1/5) and effective cation exchange capacity (2/4) showed susceptibility of the soils to degradation or vulnerability. The soils could be managed by liming, planting of acid tolerant species and adopting appropriate cultural practices. © 2012 Academic Journals Inc. Source

Ikpeme I.A.,University of Calabar
African health sciences

BACKGROUND: Pyogenic osteomyelitis is still frequently seen in the developing world and the treatment of chronic osteomyelitis presents a considerable challenge despite advances in microbiological techniques, antibiotics and surgical techniques. Acute haematogenous osteomyelitis is commoner in children. RESULTS: In the pre-antibiotic era, mortality rate was high and progression to chronic osteomyelitis was common. A near similar scenario still exists in many developing countries due to the combination of inappropriate and/or inadequate antibiotic therapy, delayed presentation and unorthodox interventions by traditional healers. DISCUSSION: Chronic osteomyelitis may result from poorly treated or untreated acute osteomyelitis, open fractures, surgery for an array of orthopaedic conditions and from contiguous spread from infected soft tissue as may occur in diabetic foot infections. A large array of treatment techniques hinged on sequestrectomy/ debridement, management of dead space, improvement of oxygenation and perfusion to ischaemic tissue exist. Despite these, total eradication of disease is difficult. CONCLUSION: This article summarizes the pathology and methods of management available for pyogenic osteomyelitis. In its acute and chronic forms, the disease is likely to remain prevalent in the developing world until issues of ignorance, poverty and prompt access to appropriate and efficacious medical care are addressed. Source

Purpose-The purpose of this paper is to investigate the extent and level of internet access and use by undergraduate students in three Nigerian universities as well as the electronic resources used by these students on the internet. Design/methodology/approach-A questionnaire survey was the research method used for data collection. Questionnaires were distributed to undergraduate students in three public universities in Nigeria: University of Calabar, Calabar; University of Uyo, Uyo, and Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Port Harcourt. Findings-The findings of the study reveal that the internet is extensively used by undergraduate students in the surveyed universities. There is inequitable access to the internet, as students mostly rely on private/commercial internet cybercafs-both on and off campuses-for their access and use. Access to the internet in the university libraries, departments/faculties and university computer/ICT centers is grossly poor; this is due to lack of poor internet infrastructure and connectivity and non-sustainable internet services in these universities. In spite of the extensive use of the internet, there exists a poor level of use of electronic resources such as the electronic journals and online databases which are essential for learning and research. The findings of the study have also revealed the need for effective user education on internet access and use in university libraries in Nigeria for optimal utilization of electronic information sources. Originality/value-The paper will be useful for those in decision-making roles as it reveals the need for the provision of relevant internet infrastructural facilities in Nigerian universities to enhance equitable and sustainable access to the internet by the students to support their academic activities. © 2010 Emerald Group Publishing Limited. All rights reserved. Source

Meremikwu M.M.,University of Calabar
Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online)

Fever is common in malaria, and drugs and sponging are widely used for symptomatic relief. Some researchers have suggested that fever reduction may prolong malaria illness. We aimed to assess whether treatments to reduce fever in malaria influence the course of the illness. We searched the Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group Trial Register (June 2012), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (The Cochrane Library Issue 6, 2012), MEDLINE (1966 to June 2012); EMBASE (1980 to June 2012) and LILACS (June 2012). We contacted researchers and organisations working in the field to enable us identify other unpublished or ongoing trials. Randomized controlled trials of fever reduction measures in adults or children with confirmed malaria. Inclusion criteria were independently applied by two authors. We extracted data from trials that met our pre-specified criteria using a standard data extraction form. Mean differences with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated for continuous data. GRADE was used to evaluate and summarize the quality of the evidence. Ten randomized controlled trials with 990 participants including both adults and children met our inclusion criteria. All were small scale trials with methodological limitations and were conducted in a variety of patients. Some trials detected an impact of antipyretic drugs on fever clearance time, while others did not. Regarding parasite clearance,no clear influence of anti-pyresis was demonstrated (six trials, 423 participants, very low quality of evidence). No difference in the number or severity of adverse events between antipyretic drugs and control was detected. We do not know whether antipyretics alter parasite clearance time. Whether further trials are worthwhile to investigate this or not would require a judgement of whether this was an important question to resolve using interventional trials. Source

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