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Brescia, Italy

The University of Brescia is an Italian public research university located in Brescia, Italy. It was founded in 1982 and is branched in 4 Faculties.The University of Brescia was officially established in 1982 with three Schools: Medicine and Surgery, Engineering, Economics and Business. However, the creation phase lasted nearly two decades, so the first attempts to open university courses in Brescia go back to the 1960s. Wikipedia.

Salvadori A.,University of Brescia
Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids | Year: 2010

Although they are rooted in the mechanics of solids and in its history, most crack propagation criteria reveal incorrect safe equilibrium domains. With the obvious exception of the maximum energy release rate, all of them show unacceptable energy dissipation in mixed mode crack growth. They convey important physical information and allow a degree of freedom in material modeling, in the same spirit as the elastic limit surfaces in the mechanics of materials. Maintaining such a degree of freedom in modeling brittle material behavior while preserving the mandatory requirements in terms of energy and of safe equilibrium domain is investigated in this paper, in the light of a recently proposed incremental description of (linear elastic) fracture mechanics. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Wabnitz S.,University of Brescia
Optics Letters | Year: 2014

We analyze the nonlinear stage of modulation instability in passively mode-locked fiber lasers leading to chaotic or noise-like emission. We present the phase-transition diagram among different regimes of chaotic emission in terms of the key cavity parameters: amplitude or phase turbulence, and spatio-temporal intermittency. © 2014 Optical Society of America.

Latronico N.,University of Brescia | Bolton C.F.,Queens University
The Lancet Neurology | Year: 2011

Critical illness polyneuropathy (CIP) and myopathy (CIM) are complications of critical illness that present with muscle weakness and failure to wean from the ventilator. In addition to prolonging mechanical ventilation and hospitalisation, CIP and CIM increase hospital mortality in patients who are critically ill and cause chronic disability in survivors of critical illness. Structural changes associated with CIP and CIM include axonal nerve degeneration, muscle myosin loss, and muscle necrosis. Functional changes can cause electrical inexcitability of nerves and muscles with reversible muscle weakness. Microvascular changes and cytopathic hypoxia might disrupt energy supply and use. An acquired sodium channelopathy causing reduced muscle membrane and nerve excitability is a possible unifying mechanism underlying CIP and CIM. The diagnosis of CIP, CIM, or combined CIP and CIM relies on clinical, electrophysiological, and muscle biopsy investigations. Control of hyperglycaemia might reduce the severity of these complications of critical illness, and early rehabilitation in the intensive care unit might improve the functional recovery and independence of patients. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Alessandri I.,University of Brescia
Small | Year: 2010

A simple strategy for enabling conductive pressure sensitive adhesives (PSAs) to work as light-responsive materials is reported. Direct laser-writing of PSA substrates was achieved by means of a continuous-wave He-Ne laser focused through the objectives of an optical microscope. This approach takes advantage of cooperative interplay between viscoelastic properties of PSAs and enhanced thermal conductivity provided by an extra overlay er of gold. In particular, the thickness of the gold layer is a crucial parameter for tuning the substrate responsiveness. Self-healing and self-degradation processes can be exploited for controlling the lifetime of the written information, whereas additional protective coatings can be introduced to achieve permanent storage. © 2010 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Alessandri I.,University of Brescia
Journal of the American Chemical Society | Year: 2013

A remarkable enhancement of Raman scattering is achieved by TiO2 shell-based spherical resonators in the absence of plasmonic enhancers. This effect is ascribed to the synergistic combination of high refractive index of the shell layer, multiple light scattering through the spheres, and related geometrical factors and can be exploited to fabricate a new generation of self-diagnostic, recyclable SERS-active substrates. © 2013 American Chemical Society.

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