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University of Technology of Compiègne, France

Ballet J.,University of Versailles | Koffi J.-M.,UMI Resiliences | Koffi J.-M.,University of Bouake | Pelenc J.,UMI Resiliences
Ecological Economics | Year: 2013

In recent years, several studies have attempted to combine the capabilities approach with sustainable development. However, critics have pointed out that although the capability approach takes the environment into account, it has its shortcomings for not being a complete ethical theory. Our article attempts to go beyond these criticisms, and show that the capabilities approach provides a good analytical framework for an environmental justice approach. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. Source

Ouattara A.F.,Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute | Ouattara A.F.,University of Basel | Dagnogo M.,Nangui Abrogoua University | Constant E.A.,Nangui Abrogoua University | And 9 more authors.
Malaria Journal | Year: 2014

Background: The use of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) is an effective malaria control strategy. However, there are challenges to achieve high coverage, such as distribution sustainability, and coverage keep-up. This study assessed the effect of LLINs coverage and contextual factors on entomological indicators of malaria in rural Côte d'Ivoire. Methods. The study was carried out between July 2009 and May 2012 in three villages (Bozi, N'Dakonankro and Yoho) of central Côte d'Ivoire. In Bozi and Yoho, LLINs were distributed free of charge by the national malaria control programme in 2008. In Bozi, an additional distribution was carried out in May 2011. No specific interventions were done in N'Dakonankro. Entomological surveys were conducted in July 2009 and July 2010 (baseline), and in August and November 2011 and in February 2012. Frequency of circumsporozoite protein was determined using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Regression models were employed to assess the impact of LLINs and changing patterns of irrigated rice farming on entomological parameters, and to determine associations with LLINs coverage and other contextual factors. Results: In Bozi, high proportion of LLIN usage was observed (95-100%). After six months, 95% of LLINs were washed at least once and 79% were washed up to three times within one year. Anopheles gambiae was the predominant malaria vector (66.6% of all mosquitoes caught). From 2009 to 2012, in N'Dakonankro, the mean annual entomological inoculation rate (EIR) increased significantly from 116.8 infectious bites/human/year (ib/h/y) to 408.8 ib/h/y, while in the intervention villages, the EIR decreased significantly from 514.6 ib/h/y to 62.0 ib/h/y (Bozi) and from 83.9 ib/h/y to 25.5 ib/h/y (Yoho). The risk of an infectious bite over the three-year period was significantly lower in the intervention villages compared to the control village (p <0.001). Conclusion: High coverage and sensitization of households to use LLINs through regular visits (particularly in Bozi) and abandoning irrigated rice farming (in Yoho) resulted in highly significant reductions of EIR. The national malaria control programme should consider household sensitization and education campaigns and other contextual factors to maximize the benefit of LLINs. © 2014 Ouattara et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

This article examines the effects of the post-2002 sociopolitical crisis in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, on urban and peri-urban agriculture. Based on the case study of Abidjan, it argues for a conceptualization of sustainability that includes social as well as environmental dimensions and focuses on coping strategies of producers and merchants. In Abidjan, these strategies included internal migration within the city and its periphery, the use of organic fertilizers, and changes in market structure. The study illustrates how such strategies allowed producers to continue to supply produce to the market, despite the difficulties of war. Source

Sociocultural etiology to guide community control of malaria in Côte d'Ivoire In the rural communities of Côte d'Ivoire, malaria control is guided by the sociocultural etiology or perception of this disease, as we can see by studies conducted in the Baoulé and Gouro communities. These studies show that these communities establish a link between the sun, excessive oil consumption, agricultural activities, disease, and lack of hygiene. Mosquitoes, however, are not identified as the cause of malaria but rather as an insect noxious by their noise and painful bites. These populations use both traditional and modern means to move mosquitoes away from their homes. Analysis of this social reality shows that the battle against malaria in rural areas is not simply a problem of health education. It is thus important in developing malaria control programmes to adopt a strategy that links community participation and health education. Source

Ayouba A.,Montpellier University | Akoua-Koffi C.,University of Bouake | Calvignac-Spencer S.,Project Group Epidemiology of Highly Pathogenic Microorganisms RKI | Esteban A.,Montpellier University | And 7 more authors.
AIDS | Year: 2013

HIV types 1 and 2 (HIV-1 and HIV-2) are the result of multiple cross-species transmissions of their simian counterparts (SIVs) to humans. We studied whether new SIVs lineages have been transmitted to humans in rural Côte d'Ivoire and identified a novel HIV-2 variant (HIV-2-07IC-TNP03) not related to any of the previously defined HIV-2 groups. This finding shows that sooty mangabey viruses continue to be transmitted to humans, causing new zoonotic outbreaks. © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

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