Richel A.,University of LiegeGembloux Agro Bio Technology |
Jacquet N.,University of LiegeGembloux Agro Bio Technology
Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery | Year: 2015
Faced with the inevitable depletion of fossil resources, agricultural productions have rapidly emerged as promising renewable alternatives. Particularly, the conversion of lignocellulosic materials has nowadays opened new vistas for the production of energy, biofuels, and chemicals. In this literature review, microwave technology is described as an original heating source either for the thermochemical conversions (at temperatures up to 400 °C) of lignocellulose into biofuels or the pretreatment (below 400 °C) and further hydrolysis of lignocellulose into bioethanol and other valuable chemicals. Advantages of microwave approaches include a commonly observed acceleration in reaction rate and improved selectivities and yields. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.