University of Basilicata and National Research Council Italy | Date: 2015-04-10
Diagnostic kit to diagnose Incontinentia Pigmenti (IP) (Pigment Incontinence) by means of which to make an analysis of a biological sample of a human organism to detect alterations in the nucleotide sequence of the IP locus. The diagnostic kit comprising primers for Real Time quantitative PCR analyses.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2011.2.1 | Award Amount: 8.09M | Year: 2011
The ARCAS project proposes the development and experimental validation of the first cooperative free-flying robot system for assembly and structure construction. The project will pave the way for a large number of applications including the building of platforms for evacuation of people or landing aircrafts, the inspection and maintenance of facilities and the construction of structures in inaccessible sites and in the space.\nThe detailed scientific and technological objectives are:\n1)New methods for motion control of a free-flying robot with mounted manipulator in contact with a grasped object as well as for coordinated control of multiple cooperating flying robots with manipulators in contact with the same object (e.g. for precise placement or joint manipulation)\n2)New flying robot perception methods to model, identify and recognize the scenario and to be used for the guidance in the assembly operation, including fast generation of 3D models, aerial 3D SLAM, 3D tracking and cooperative perception\n3)New methods for the cooperative assembly planning and structure construction by means of multiple flying robots with application to inspection and maintenance activities\n4)Strategies for operator assistance, including visual and force feedback, in manipulation tasks involving multiple cooperating flying robots\nThe above methods and technologies will be integrated in the ARCAS cooperative flying robot system that will be validated in the following scenarios: a) Indoor testbed with quadrotors, b) Outdoor scenario with helicopters, c) free-flying simulation using multiple robot arms.\nThe project will be implemented by a high-quality consortium whose partners have already demonstrated the cooperative transportation by aerial robots as well as high performance cooperative ground manipulation. The team has the ability to produce for the first time challenging technological demonstrations with a high potential for generation of industrial products upon project completion.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: ENV.2011.2.1.4-2 | Award Amount: 7.72M | Year: 2012
The aim of CASCADE is to obtain a better understanding of sudden ecosystem shifts that may lead to major losses in biodiversity and ecosystem services, and to define measures that can be used to prevent such shifts. The focus of CASCADE is explicitly on drylands as being one of the most fragile and threatened ecosystems in Europe. CASCADE will investigate the historical evolution of dryland ecosystems in six Mediterranean study sites, and improve understanding of the biogeochemical mechanisms underlying sudden and catastrophic shifts through a combination of experimentation and modeling. Experiments in laboratory and field will be used to assess the biogeochemical processes that are thought to underlie regime shifts in drylands, to study the interplay between competition and facilitation, and to assess the effects of biotic and abiotic processes on vegetation structure and composition. Field surveys will identify changes in ecosystem structure and functions that indicate approaching or crossing of tipping points, link these findings to experimental results, and assess potentials for restoration. Models will be developed to describe regime shifts in the studied drylands in terms of changes in vegetation composition, abundance and spatial patterning. Based on both experimentation and modelling, CASCADE will develop management schemes for sustainable resource use and conservation of ecosystem services. By combining physical with socio-economic modeling, measures will be defined that work from an ecological as well as a socio-economic perspective. The results of CASCADE will be made accessible to natural resource and biodiversity managers, policy makers, and other audiences, using a variety of dissemination methods such as reports, booklets, newsletters, meetings, videos, and TV. All project results and recommendations will be stored and made accessible to the public by developing a web-based harmonized CASCADE information system (CASCADIS).
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: FoF-ICT-2013.7.1 | Award Amount: 22.24M | Year: 2014
The European manufacturing industry needs competitive solutions to keep global leadership in products and services. Exploiting synergies across application experts, technology suppliers, system integrators and service providers will speed up the process of bringing innovative technologies from research labs to industrial end-users. As an enabler in this context, the EuRoC initiative proposes to launch three industry-relevant challenges: 1) Reconfigurable Interactive Manufacturing Cell, 2) Shop Floor Logistics and Manipulation, 3) Plant Servicing and Inspection. It aims at sharpening the focus of European manufacturing through a number of application experiments, while adopting an innovative approach which ensures comparative performance evaluation. Each challenge is launched via an open call and is structured in 3 stages. 45 Contestants are selected using a challenge in a simulation environment: the low barrier of entry allows new players to compete with established robotics teams. Matching up the best Contestants with industrial end users, 15 Challenger teams are admitted to the second stage, where the typical team is formed by research experts, technology suppliers, system integrators, plus end users. Teams are required to benchmark use cases on standard robotic platforms empowered by this consortium. After a mid-term evaluation with public competition, the teams advance to showcasing the use case in a realistic environment. After an open judging process, 6 Challenge Finalists are admitted to run pilot experiments in a real environment at end-user sites to determine the final EuRoC Winner. A number of challenge advisors and independent experts decide about access to the subsequent stages. A challenge-based approach with multiple stages of increasing complexity and financial support for competing teams will level the playing field for new contestants, attract new developers and new end users toward customisable robot applications, and provide sustainable solutions to carry out future challenges.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP-SICA | Phase: SPA.2010.3.2-01 | Award Amount: 745.66K | Year: 2011
PRE-EARTHQUAKES intends to commit EU and Russian researchers to integrate different observational data (including ESA and ROSKOSMOS satellite data) and to improve, by cross-validating, their methodologies, in order: to substantially improve our knowledge of preparatory phases of earthquakes and their possible precursors; to promote a worldwide Earthquake Observation System (EQuOS) as a dedicated component of GEOSS (Global Earth Observation System of Systems); to develop and offer to the international scientific community an integration platform where independent observations and new data analysis methodologies devoted to the research on/of earthquake precursors can be collected and cross-validated; Different ground and satellite based observations, different data analysis methods, different measured parameters will be compared and integrated in order to move the research in this filed behind its present frontiers. Specific scientific objective of the project will be to investigate and demonstrate to which extent a systematic integration of independent observations can improve (possibly up to e pre-operational level of precision and reliability) our capabilities of short-term earthquake prediction which are presently based mostly on a single parameter/observation methods. The project will profit of the unique opportunity, offered by ESA and ROSKOSOMOS, to have access for free to their satellite data archives in order to integrate, compare, improve different methods and observations relevant for the study of preparatory phase of the earthquakes. Three European (from Italy, Germany and Turkey) and three Russian Scientific Institutions (from 2 different regions), among the worldwide most quoted for this kind of studies, will constitute the partnership of the project that will develop on a 2 years period.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2016 | Award Amount: 787.50K | Year: 2017
Fruit trees and grapevine are propagated vegetatively and are often grafted. As a result they suffer from a high number of pathogens such as viruses and viroids, a number of which are causing severe yield losses and reduce the productive life of the affected plants. As these pathogens cannot be controlled by the application of chemicals, the most efficient way to combat them is the production and commercialization of high quality pathogen-tested propagative material. Nevertheless, this procedure is not simple and both academia and private sectors are working towards its improvement. In this direction was built the herein interdisciplinary proposal which brings together academia and private companies to collaborate through their expertise on the following objectives: 1) to identify new viral and viroid strains or species affecting fruit trees and grapevine, 2) to optimise existing and develop novel detection methods and 3) to improve propagation and sanitation methods for producing high quality (virus-tested) plant material of fruit trees and grapevine. In this project diagnostic tools that are currently used in certification programs will be combined with cutting edge technologies such as NGS and Nanobodies. The project has eight academic partners within the EU and associated countries, three within Third Countries and five non-academic partners. The knowledge obtained will be shared among the partners of the proposal and further disseminated to academic institutions, nurseries and other private sectors. Most importantly training of a new generation of researchers will be done in close contact to the needs of both industrial and academic sectors. In conclusion, the results of this proposal will enrich the knowledge on viruses/viroids associated with different diseases, improve the sensitivity of their detection methods, lead to new detection products and further contribute to the improvement of the disseminated propagative material of fruit trees and grapevine.
Longhitano S.G.,University of Basilicata
Sedimentology | Year: 2011
The Pliocene-Pleistocene peripheral marine basins of the Mediterranean Sea in southern Italy, from Basilicata and western Calabria to northern and eastern Sicily, represent tectonically formed coastal embayments and narrow straits. Here, units of cross-stratified, mixed silici-bioclastic sand, 25 to 80m thick, record strong tidal currents. The Central Mediterranean Sea has had a microtidal range of ca 35cm, and the local amplification of the tidal wave is attributed to tides enhanced in some of the bays and to the out-of-phase reversal of the tidal prism in narrow straits linking the Tyrrhenian and Ionian basins. The siliciclastic sediment was generated by local bedrock erosion, whereas the bioclastic sediment was derived from the contemporaneous, foramol-type cool-water carbonate factories. The cross-strata sets represent small to medium-sized (10 to 60cm thick) two-dimensional dunes with mainly unidirectional foreset dip directions. These tidalites differ from the classical tidal rhythmites deposited in mud-bearing siliciclastic environments. Firstly, the foreset strata lack mud drapes and, instead, show segregation of siliciclastic and bioclastic sand into alternating strata. Secondly, the thickness variation of the successive silici-bioclastic strata couplets, measured over accretion intervals of 2 to 3m and analysed statistically, reveal only the shortest-term, diurnal and semi-diurnal tidal cycles. Thirdly, the record of diurnal and semi-diurnal tidal cycles is included within the pattern of neap-spring cycles. Differences between these sediments and classical tidal rhythmites are attributed to the specific palaeogeographic setting of a microtidal sea, with the tidal currents locally enhanced in peripheral basins. It is suggested that this particular facies of mud-free, silici-bioclastic arenite rhythmites in the stratigraphic record might indicate a specific type of depositional sub-tidal environment of straits and embayments and the shortest-term tidal cycles. © 2010 The Author. Journal compilation © 2010 International Association of Sedimentologists.
Carbone G.,Polytechnic of Bari |
Pierro E.,University of Basilicata
Small | Year: 2012
Very recently, both experimental and theoretical investigations have shown that microstructured surfaces covered with mushroom-shaped micropillars present strongly enhanced adhesive properties if compared to flat surfaces made of the same material. However, different geometries lead to different adhesive performance, and finding the optimal solution has become of utmost importance. This paper presents on which physical basis the optimal mushroom pillar shape should be sought, and it provides a relatively simple methodology to achieve the result. Calculations demonstrate that the adhesive performance of the pillar strongly depends on the geometry of the terminal plate. The best performance is achieved when the ratio s/Ri between the plate thickness (s) and the pillar internal radius (Ri) is close to 0.2-0.3, and the ratio R e/Ri is larger than 2, where Re is the external radius of the plate. © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Renna P.,University of Basilicata
International Journal of Production Research | Year: 2011
Manufacturing systems need to develop more strongly time-oriented strategies in order to react to the dynamic conditions of the competitive environment. This research concerns the scheduling of cellular manufacturing systems by multi-agent architecture in real time. This research proposes a coordination approach for the multi-agent architecture based on the computation of internal and external indexes of the generic manufacturing cell. The proposed approach has been compared with an approach based on the workload index in order to provide evidence of the improvements. A simulation environment developed in the ARENA® package was used to implement the approaches and evaluate the performance measures. The performance measures investigated are: throughput time, throughput, work in process, machines average utilisation, and tardiness. Several scenarios are considered: from static to very dynamic conditions for internal and external exceptions of the manufacturing system. The simulation results highlight that the performance of the proposed approach outperforms the performance of the benchmark in all conditions. © 2011 Taylor & Francis.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: EE-20-2014 | Award Amount: 498.16K | Year: 2015
FESTA has the overall objective to foster local energy investments on public buildings (primarily in schools, a significant target in Italy for energy efficiency) and to spread the PPP approach also through the innovative, for the context, Energy Performance Contracts (EPC) in convergence regions. The main specific objectives of the proposed action are: 1. to define technical, financial, legal and administrative specifications of a package of investments that are economically sustainable and attractive for private investors; 2. to assess a PPP scheme and to define an EPC model for the energy efficiency of public buildings, also to create better condition to renewal this aged (> 30 years) buildings; 3. to publish the call for tender and to procure the bundled investments through EPC and sign the investment contracts; 4. to become a best practice for the mobilisation of local energy investments of the area where municipalities are preparing the SEAPs (Province of Matera leader of this project is the coordinator); 5. to share all this advances with local actors and other MLEI European partners. Specifically, the project (regarding a complex of schools in Matera and in Policoro with the neighboring hospital) aims to experiment, with technological and method approaches, the achievement of the objective that all schools in the area become climate neutral by 2020. The project also aim to generate capacity building in the field of renewable energy and energy saving through: the inter-institutional collaboration between different public authorities to increase the interventions scale (that is very important considering both the small average size of the local administrations and the low population density); the development of approaches that pay special attention to the potential of the PPP in the field of energy; better understanding of the features that this kind of projects should have in order to be attractive to both lenders and ESCOs.