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White Nile, Sudan

The University of Bakhtalruda is a university in the town of Ad Douiem in Sudan, on the White Nile, between Khartoum and Kosti. Bakhtalruda University was established under a constitutional decree issued by the Presidency of the Republic of Sudan on 2 Shawal 1417AH, or 1 1997. It is a public university.Bakhtalruda University is a member of the Federation of the Universities of the Islamic World.As of September 2011, the university was a member in good standing of the Association of African Universities. Wikipedia.


Elfatih S.,Huazhong Agricultural University | Elfatih S.,University of Bakht | Peng Y.,Huazhong Agricultural University | Ma J.,Western Australian Department of Agriculture and Food | And 4 more authors.
Cereal Research Communications | Year: 2013

A total of 232 accessions of tetraploid species, durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. ssp. durum Desf., 2n=4x=28, AABB) with a widespread origin of various countries were used in this study. Their high molecular weight glutenin subunit (HMW-GS) composition was identified by Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). Among all accessions analyzed, 194 were homogeneous for HMW-GS, 38 were heterogeneous, and 62 possessed unusual or new subunits. The results revealed a total of 43 alleles, including 5 at Glu-A1 and 38 at Glu-B1, resulting in 60 different allele combinations. The Glu-B1 locus displayed higher variation compared with Glu-A1. Glu-A1c (55.2%) and Glu-B1aj (17.7%) were the most frequent alleles at Glu-A1 and Glu-B1, respectively. Two allele types ("null" and 1) at the Glu-A1 locus and three allele types (7OE + 8, 14+15, 8) at the Glu-B1 locus appeared to be the common types in the 232 accessions. A total of 23 new alleles represented by unusual subunits were detected at the Glu-A1 and the Glu-B1 locus.


Osman M.S.,University of Bakht | Sivakumar D.,Tshwane University of Technology | Korsten L.,University of Pretoria
Crop Protection | Year: 2011

Efficacy of biocontrol agent Bacillus amyloliquefaciens PPCB004 was evaluated on the control of anthracnose and phomopsis rot in 'Solo' papaya pre-treated with 1-methyl cyclopropene (100 μl) (1-MCP) during storage. This treatment was compared to the untreated control, commercial treatment (washing in chlorinated water), stand alone 1-MCP and PPCB004 treatment. Although fruit pre-treated with 1-MCP delayed the ripening (100% yellow) after cold storage by 9-10 d, it showed higher incidence and severity of anthracnose and phomopsis rot than the fruit subjected to commercial treatment. Application of PPCB004 after 1-MCP pre-treatment (1-MCP + PPCB004) reduced the anthracnose and phomopsis incidence and severity after cold storage (10 °C, 85% RH for 14 d) and ripening at 25 °C. The 1-MCP + PPCB004 treatment helped to retain the fruit firmness, overall quality and uniform yellow skin (100%) and flesh colour after ripening. The PPCB004 was effectively recovered from stand alone PPCB004 and 1-MCP + PPCB004 treated fruit after cold storage and ripening. The PPCB004 population showed an increase by 1 log units after ripening in 1-MCP + PPCB004 treated fruit. After ripening the recovery of PPCB004 population was higher (0.7 log units) in 1-MCP + PPCB004. The total recovery of fungal population on the fruit surface after ripening was lower in 1-MCP + PPCB004 and stand alone PPCB004 treated fruit. It can be concluded that application of B. amyloliquefaciens PPCB004 with 1-MCP pre-treated papaya (at 25-30% skin yellow stage) can significantly reduce disease incidence associated with 1-MCP treatment. This treatment has the potential for commercial application in the 'organic' papaya industry. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.


Abd-AlGadir M.I.,University of Bakht | Idris O.F.,Neelain University | Hassan M.M.,University of Gezira | Sabah Elkhier M.S.,Neelain University
Journal of Applied Sciences Research | Year: 2010

This study was aimed to investigate the effect of oral administration of citric acid on the renal functions of white American rats. Thirty two rats were divided into four groups (8 rats each). One group serves as a control. The rest of the three groups were differently treated (at rates of 100, 500 and 1250 mg kg-1 body weight were applied) with citric acid. Compared to the control, sudden (p≤0.05) increase in the serum creatinine and urea nitrogen levels in the rats with increasing the dose of citric acid (100 - 1250 mg kg-1 body weight) was observed. Results also revealed an insignificant difference in serum creatinine and urea nitrogen on administering citric acid. Kidney changes in the rats received different doses of citric acid was observed. © 2010, INSInet Publication.


Elshakh A.S.A.,University of Bakht | Anjum S.I.,Kohat University of Science and Technology | Qiu W.,Zhejiang University | Almoneafy A.A.,Sanaa University | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Phytopathology | Year: 2016

Bacillus strains are broadly studied for their beneficial role in plant growth and biological control of plant disease and pest; however, little is known about their underlying mechanisms. In this study, we assessed the controlling and defence-related mechanisms of three Bacillus strains including rice seed-associated strain B. subtilis A15, rhizobacterial strains B. amyloliquefaciens D29 and B. methylotrophicus H8, all of which are against bacterial leaf blight (BLB) caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae. Results indicated that all three strains showed strong biofilm formation ability. The culture filtrates of each strain significantly suppressed the growth and biofilm formation of X. oryzae, while changes in bacterial cell morphology such as cell swell and severe cell wall alterations were observed through the transmission electron microscopy images. PCR analysis revealed that all three strains harbour the antimicrobial-associated genes that are responsible for biosynthesis of bacillomycin, fengycin, iturin and surfactin. Subsequent real-time qPCR analysis revealed the upregulated expression of fenD and srfAA genes in D29 and H8, and fenD and ituC genes in A15 during their in vitro interaction with X. oryzae. It suggests that the antibacterial mechanisms of the three strains may be at least partially associated with their ability to secrete corresponding lipopeptides. Interestingly, the applications of the three strains in greenhouse conditions were found to be effective in controlling the BLB disease, which was achieved through the activation of inducing systemic resistance resulted from the enhanced activities of defence-related enzymes. This is the first report of demonstration of the mode of antibacterial effect of Bacillus strains against X. oryzae. Overall, data from the current study provide valuable information for biological control of BLB disease in rice. © 2016 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.


Fahal A.,University of Khartoum | Mahgoub E.S.,University of Khartoum | EL Hassan A.M.,University of Khartoum | Abdel-Rahman M.E.,University of Khartoum | And 4 more authors.
PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases | Year: 2014

Patients with mycetoma usually present late with advanced disease, which is attributed to lack of medical and health facilities in endemic areas, poor health education and low socio-economic status. With this background, an integrated patient management model at the village level was designed to address the various problems associated with mycetoma. The model was launched in an endemic village in the Sudan, between 2010 and 2013. This model is described in a prospective, descriptive, community-based study, aimed to collect epidemiological, ecological, and clinical data and to assess knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) in order to design effective and efficient management measures. In this study, the prevalence of mycetoma was 14.5 per 1,000 inhabitants. The patients were farmers, housewives and children of low socio-economic status, and no obvious risk group was detected. All had surgery performed in a mobile surgical unit in the village which encouraged patients to present early with small early lesion leading to a good clinical outcome. The close contact with the Acacia tree thorns, animals and animal dung, walking bare footed and practising poor hygiene may all have contributed to the development of mycetoma in the village. Knowledge of mycetoma was poor in 96.3% of the study population, 70% had appropriate attitudes and beliefs towards interaction with mycetoma patients and treatment methods, and 49% used satisfactory or good practices in the management of mycetoma. Knowledge and practices on mycetoma were found to be significantly associated with age. Based on the KAP and epidemiological data, several health education sessions were conducted in the village for different target groups. The integrated management approach adopted in this study is unique and appeared successful and seems suitable as an immediate intervention. While for the longer term, establishment of local health facilities with trained health staff remains a priority. © 2014 Fahal et al.

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