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Muzaffarabad, Pakistan

The University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir is a university at Muzaffarabad, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. It was established in 1980, and is currently ranked at No.14 in HEC ranking of General category universities in Pakistan The University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir is a multi-campus, multi-discipline university. The University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir has been making steady progress in both academic and administrative domains. During the 2005 earthquake, most of the buildings at the Muzaffarabad and Rawalakot campuses were destroyed, but new buildings equipped with modern facilities are now under construction, and new research programmes have already been launched. However Institute of Geology is ranked 2nd in whole country based upon diverse field work and researches in Masters and P.H.D programmes. Wikipedia.


Aziz S.,Mirpur University of Science & Technology | Aziz S.,University of Paderborn | Habib-ur-Rehman,Mirpur University of Science & Technology | Ch M.A.,Mirpur University of Science & Technology | And 4 more authors.
Chemistry of Natural Compounds | Year: 2016

A concise route to the synthesis of topopyrone C derivatives is reported. The 1,4-dihydroxyanthraquinone was converted to the target compound 2 using five-step sequences, while only three steps were required to access the said compound, starting from the same anthraquinone. A new one-pot alkylation served as the crucial operation for this new synthesis. Two lengthy steps are eliminated, which not only shorten the reaction but improve the yield too. Spectral techniques were used to confirm the structures of the synthesized compounds. The compound exhibited strong scavenging effect on DPPH and NO radicals. The free radical scavenging effect of the compound was found to be comparable to that of reference antioxidants BHA and ascorbic acid. This study is the first evidence for the radical scavenging property of topopyrone C derivatives. © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media New York Source


Majeed A.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Majeed A.,University of Azad Jammu & Kashmir | He J.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Jiao L.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | And 2 more authors.
Nanoscale Research Letters | Year: 2015

Nanostructured TiO2 films are deposited on a silicon substrate using 150-W power from the RF magnetron sputtering at working pressures of 3 to 5 Pa, with no substrate bias, and at 3 Pa with a substrate bias of −50 V. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis reveals that TiO2 films deposited on unbiased as well as biased substrates are all amorphous. Surface properties such as surface roughness and wettability of TiO2 films, grown in a plasma environment, under biased and unbiased substrate conditions are reported according to the said parameters of RF power and the working pressures. Primary rat osteoblasts (MC3T3-E1) cells have been cultured on nanostructured TiO2 films fabricated at different conditions of substrate bias and working pressures. The effects of roughness and hydrophilicity of nanostructured TiO2 films on cell density and cell spreading have been discussed. © 2015, Majeed et al.; licensee Springer. Source


Yasmin A.,Government College University at Faisalabad | Butt M.S.,University of Agriculture at Faisalabad | Yasin M.,University of Agriculture at Faisalabad | Yasin M.,University of Azad Jammu & Kashmir | Qaisrani T.B.,University of Punjab
Journal of Food Science and Technology | Year: 2015

Array of evidences have indicated that the supplementation of diet with functional and nutritional components to provide numerous health benefits. In this context, fortification with novel constituents as prebiotics i.e. fructooligosaccharides (FOS) is an encouraging trend all over the world. In the current exploration, FOS was used as a prebiotic in whey based functional drinks. For drink formulation, four samples were prepared i.e. whey based drink (T1) and FOS supplemented whey drinks @ 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 % referred as T2, T3 and T4, respectively. The formulated drinks were evaluated for compositional analysis with special reference to amino acids and mineral profiles. The functional drinks showed momentous impact on total solids (TS) whilst, pH, acidity, crude protein and fat were affected non-significantly. However, pH, TS, fat and protein contents of prepared drinks were decreased substantially (p < 0.05) during storage period. However, prepared drinks showed non-significant variations in essential and non-essential amino acids. © 2014, Association of Food Scientists & Technologists (India). Source


Saeed M.,Government College University at Faisalabad | Adeel S.,Government College University at Faisalabad | Ilyas M.,University for Information Science and Technology | Shahzad M.A.,Government College University at Faisalabad | And 3 more authors.
Desalination and Water Treatment | Year: 2015

This study is focused on oxidative degradation of Methyl Orange, a common azo dye, catalyzed by nickel hydroxide in aqueous solution at 303, 313, 323, and 333 K. Sodium hypochlorite, sodium hydroxide, and nickel sulfate hexahydrate in distilled water were used as starting material for preparation of nickel hydroxide. Pyrex glass batch reactor was used to study the effect of various conditions such as temperature, concentration, agitation, and catalyst dose on catalytic degradation of Methyl Orange in aqueous medium. About 80% Methyl Orange was degraded in 120 min. Experimental data were subjected to kinetic analysis using CurveExpert software. Degradation reaction was taking place according to Langmuir–Hinshelwood mechanism. According to this mechanism, the reactants adsorb at the surface of catalyst in first step followed by reaction between adsorbed reactants in second step. Adsorption of Methyl Orange on surface of catalyst followed Langmuir adsorption isotherm. Apparent activation energy, true activation energy, and heat of adsorption were determined as 13.2, 32.7 and –23.5 kJ mol−1, respectively. © 2015 Balaban Desalination Publications. All rights reserved. Source


Harvey J.A.,University of Michigan | Kearfott K.J.,University of Michigan | Rafique M.,University of Michigan | Rafique M.,University of Azad Jammu & Kashmir
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry | Year: 2015

The minimum detectable dose (MDD) limit was examined in four different ways for groups of LiF:Mg,Ti thermoluminescent dosimeters, and two ways for CaF2:Dy, CaF2:Tm, CaF2:Mn, and CaSO4:Dy dosimeters. All types were irradiated and read out at dose intervals from 8.8 μGy to 6.6 mGy. Dose response linearity was never lost even for the lowest dose tested. As an ideal MDD, the signal arising from a zero applied dose readout was compared to calibration from true doses, resulting in signal corresponding to 0.04–0.1 μGy. The effects of fading and high ambient radon exposure on the MDD were examined. © 2014, Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary. Source

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