Fort Smith, AR, United States

University of Arkansas at Fort Smith
Fort Smith, AR, United States

The University of Arkansas – Fort Smith, also known as UAFS, is a public, co-educational, four-year university. Located in Fort Smith, Arkansas, United States, UAFS is one of eleven campuses that constitute the University of Arkansas System. UAFS is the fifth largest university in Arkansas, with a fall 2012 credit enrollment of approximately 7,587. UAFS offers in-state tuition rates not only to Arkansas residents, but also those from Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Oklahoma, Tennessee and Texas.The university campus occupies 168 acres of an award-winning, nationally recognized arboretum that has 1,182 GPS-inventoried trees representing 81 species. In 2003 the campus was named the "Best Maintained Landscape in the Nation". Wikipedia.

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Efurd M.G.,University of Arkansas at Fort Smith
Journal of dental hygiene : JDH / American Dental Hygienists' Association | Year: 2012

Evidence supporting the link between periodontal disease and systemic disease continues to grow. To date, little is known about how dental professionals incorporate this information into managing diabetic patients. This study examines the risk identification and practice behaviors regarding diabetic patients among dentists, hygienists and specialists. Responses were received from 383 currently practicing oral health professionals in Arkansas. The electronic survey consisted of 35 open and closed-ended or Likert-type items. Principal components factor analysis using varimax rotation was used to explore underlying dimensions of the questionnaire in order to provide a more parsimonious view of the outcomes. Logistic models were fitted to determine best practice outcome as a function of knowledge and professional and social norms. Neither knowledge about diabetes (p<0.285) nor provider type (p<0.186) was a predictor of practice behavior. Professional and social norms (p<0.001) identified those practitioners who felt modifying their management strategies for their patients with diabetes was a necessary component of their practice behavior. In general, risk assessment was lacking, irrespective of whether a clinician was a dentist or dental hygienist. Results indicate oral health professionals in Arkansas need to improve the treatment and management of patients with diabetes and periodontal disease.

Baviskar S.N.,University of Arkansas at Fort Smith
American Biology Teacher | Year: 2011

Modern microscopy techniques generate an enormous amount of data in the form of images. Manual analysis of these images produces biased results that are often not reproducible. To extract the numerical data from the images, a free and user-friendly software called ImageJ is available at the NIH website. In this interactive tutorial, students will get acquainted with the applications of ImageJ and learn to measure cell area from the images. ©2011 by National Association of Biology Teachers. All rights reserved.

Fulbright S.A.,University of Arkansas at Fort Smith
Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing | Year: 2010

The purpose of this study was to determine the role that senior citizen centres play in decreasing depression in community-dwelling older persons. A quantitative cross-sectional design was utilized. A questionnaire was used to determine demographic and lifestyle data. The dependent variable, depression symptoms, was measured using the 15-point Geriatric Depression Scale. Eighty-eight per cent stated that they attend for the friends and social support. Second, the study demonstrated that community-dwelling older persons can have those needs fulfilled at the senior centres. Ninety-four per cent of them have made close friends at their centres. Ninety-four per cent stated that their lives had improved since attending the senior centre. Eighty-six per cent felt they had made friends on whom they could rely when needed. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing.

Fredriksson P.G.,University of Louisville | Wollscheid J.R.,University of Arkansas at Fort Smith
Environmental and Resource Economics | Year: 2015

In this paper, we investigate how former colonies’ legal origins affect environmental policy outcomes. In particular, does it matter for climate change policies whether a country has French civil law or British common law legal heritage? In a cross section of up to 109 countries, we find that civil law countries tend to have stricter climate change policies than common law countries. © 2015 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht

Khan M.,University of Arkansas at Fort Smith
IEEE Green Technologies Conference | Year: 2016

The demand for trained professionals in energy auditing has grown with the increasing use of green building technologies. The energy auditors are expected to evaluate energy efficiency of a building and identify areas of energy saving from empirical data collected during audits. The traditional approach to train energy auditors is based on classroom lectures and field trips with the support of local utility companies. The effectiveness of training, through efficient utilization of available training time, can be increased by having a dedicated building that can be used as a classroom and a living-space laboratory. University of Arkansas Fort Smith (UAFS) through its Introductory and Advanced Green Technology Program (IAGTP) has partnered with local, regional and national public and private organizations to design and develop a multiuse, multidiscipline learning facility that is a combination classroom and a living laboratory house for not only curriculum based but also non-traditional trade based students. This facility, the "Sustainable Conservation House," is located adjacent to the UAFS campus. This paper examines details of green construction of the Sustainable Conservation House as a special laboratory facility, the teaching methodology and its impact on training of future energy auditors. © 2016 IEEE.

Wiggins B.E.,University of Arkansas at Fort Smith
Simulation and Gaming | Year: 2012

The growing need for intercultural literacy in an increasingly interconnected and computer-mediated world contrasts with the dearth of investigation in best practices when designing simulations aimed at improving intercultural communication. Synthetic cultures inspired by real-world cultural traits, problem-based learning, and a social constructivist theoretical base represent core components of immersive learning environments designed to improve intercultural literacy. Through an analysis of the literature, a model is proposed primarily to promote discussion and debate about intercultural simulations. The Model for Intercultural Communication in Simulations asserts that along with those components, the Experiential Learning Cycle (ELC), natural decision making, and third place thinking form an approach in understanding how intercultural simulations should be designed. The Model for Intercultural Communication in Simulations challenges the learner to move beyond known paradigms and encourages simulation and e-learning designers to employ socially situated contexts. Accordingly, within the context of the model, a culminating evaluation of an online intercultural training simulation (ARGONAUTONLINE) follows the introduction of the model. © 2012 SAGE Publications.

Baviskar S.N.,University of Arkansas at Fort Smith | Shields M.S.,Idaho State University
Gene Expression | Year: 2011

Glucose-regulated 94 kDa protein (Grp94) is a resident of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of multicellular eukaryotes. It is a constitutively expressed protein that is overexpressed in certain abnormal conditions of the cell such as depletion of glucose and calcium, and low oxygen and pH. The protein is also implicated in diseased conditions like cancer and Alzheimer's disease. In this study, the consequences of downregulation of Grp94 were investigated at both unicellular and multicellular stages of Dictyostelium discoideum. Previous studies have shown the expression of Dd-Grp94 (Dictyostelium discoideum glucose-regulated 94 kDa protein) in wild-type cells varies during development, and overexpression of Dd-Grp94 leads to abnormal cell shape and inhibition of development (i.e., formation of fruiting bodies). Grp94 is a known calcium binding protein and an efficient calcium buffer. Therefore, in the present study we hypothesized that downregulation of Dd-Grp94 protein would affect Dictyostelium cell structure, growth, and development. We found that Dd-grp94 RNAi recombinants exhibited reduced growth rate, cell size, and a subtle change in cell motility compared to the parental cells. The recombinants also exhibited a delay in development and small fruiting bodies. These results establish that Dd-grp94 plays a crucial role in determining normal cell structure, growth and differentiation. Copyright © 2011 Cognizant Comm. Corp. All rights reserved.

Hawking N.G.,University of Arkansas at Fort Smith | Sharp T.D.,Arkansas Childrens Hospital
Radiologic Technology | Year: 2013

Purpose: To determine whether additional shielding designed for pediatric patients during portable chest exams that ascertain endotracheal tube placement would significantly decrease the amount of scatter radiation. Methods: Children aged 24 months or younger were intubated and received daily morning chest radiographs to determine endotracheal tube placement. Results: For each measurement, the amount of scatter radiation decreased by more than 20% from a nonshielded exposure to a shielded exposure. Discussion: There was a significant decrease in scatter radiation when using the lead shielding device along with appropriate collimation vs appropriate collimation alone. Conclusion: These results suggest that applying additional shielding to appropriately collimated chest radiographs could significantly reduce scatter radiation and therefore the overall dose to young children. © 2013 American Society of Radiologic Technologists.

Kang Y.,University of Arkansas at Fort Smith
Urologic nursing | Year: 2010

Quality of life (QOL) related to urinary incontinence was explored among community-dwelling, Korean-American women. Each participant completed an appropriately transcribed Incontinence QOL instrument. The findings of this study suggest that self-perceived disease severity significantly (p = 0.000) influences the QOL of Korean-American women with urinary incontinence.

Agency: NSF | Branch: Standard Grant | Program: | Phase: | Award Amount: 60.95K | Year: 2011

This collaborative project is applying the approach of Process Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning (POGIL), which has been successful in chemistry, to undergraduate pre-calculus and first semester calculus courses. The teams work is guided by three main goals: i) to create new POGIL learning materials for pre-calculus and calculus where reform will have a large and visible impact; ii) to develop faculty expertise within the mathematics community to implement these new materials by presenting math-specific POGIL workshops at national mathematics meetings and POGIL summer workshops; and iii) to conduct in depth research on undergraduate mathematics education by implementing a case study design to examine learning in POGIL MATH classroom contexts. Several factors contribute to the strong intellectual merit of this project. First, the PI team brings together combined expertise in (1) authoring high quality POGIL chemistry activities; (2) curricular innovations in mathematics; (3) mathematics education research; and (4) evaluation. Second, the POGIL Projects National Office is lending support in training and dissemination. Moreover, because POGIL is a nationally tested and proven pedagogical strategy based on research on how students learn, classroom materials generated as part of the proposed project are expected to generate results in mathematics similar to those in chemistry: a) improved student learning; b) decreased attrition (especially among underrepresented minority students); c) improved attitudes toward mathematics; and d) increased faculty adoptions. The project is exercising its broader impact in several ways. First, the case study design of the projects research component is informing the mathematics community about how POGIL activities can challenge student misconceptions in calculus as identified in the mathematics education literature, as well as how classroom context affects implementation of POGIL activities. Second, the materials developed in this project are being classroom tested in diverse settings, both by the authors and by beta-testers, hence increasing the potential transportability of these POGIL mathematics activities to any faculty members classroom. In addition, several of the institutions directly involved in the development of the POGIL calculus materials have large percentages of underrepresented students taking calculus, and thus any curricular change is in the position to have a significant impact on retention of minority students and women. Finally, the variety of institutions both in the collaborative and among the pilot test sites are expanding the network of POGIL experts, spanning a variety of post-secondary institutions, regions throughout the U.S., and disciplines, thus having a potentially transformative effect on mathematics instruction in the undergraduate STEM education community.

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