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Canobbio, Switzerland

The University of Applied science and Arts of Southern Switzerland is one of the Universities of Applied science of the Swiss Confederation.SUPSI offers more than 30 bachelor and master courses, complementing theoretical scientific knowledge and practical technological advances applied to real projects.Various departments of SUPSI are based in Southern Switzerland, mainly near Lugano. Wikipedia.

Lim J.,Texas Christian University | Pavan G.M.,University of Applied Sciences and Arts Southern Switzerland | Annunziata O.,Texas Christian University | Simanek E.E.,Texas Christian University
Journal of the American Chemical Society | Year: 2012

The synthesis, characterization, and host-guest chemistry of high-generation triazine dendrimers are described. With pyrene and camptothecin as guests, experiments revealed that the guest capacity of odd-generation triazine dendrimers increased until generation 7 but decreased at generation 9. Molecular dynamics simulations conducted in explicit solvent showed a useful fingerprint for this behavior in radial distribution functions of water molecules penetrating the interior of the dendrimers. A linear relationship between the guest capacity of dendrimers measured experimentally and the number of water molecules within the interior determined computationally was observed. © 2012 American Chemical Society.

Puccinelli D.,University of Applied Sciences and Arts Southern Switzerland | Haenggi M.,University of Notre Dame
ACM Transactions on Sensor Networks | Year: 2010

In data collection applications of low-end sensor networks, a major challenge is ensuring reliability without a significant goodput degradation. Short hops over high-quality links minimize per-hop transmissions, but long routes may cause congestion and load imbalance. Longer links can be exploited to build shorter routes, but poor links may have a high energy cost. There exists a complex interplay among routing performance (reliability, goodput, energy efficiency), link estimation, congestion control, and load balancing; we design a routing architecture, Arbutus, that exploits this interplay, and perform an extensive experimental evaluation on testbeds of 100-150 Berkeley motes.. © 2010 ACM.

Conti M.,National Research Council Italy | Giordano S.,University of Applied Sciences and Arts Southern Switzerland
IEEE Communications Magazine | Year: 2014

In this article we discuss the state of the art of (mobile) multihop ad hoc networking. This paradigm has often been identified with the solutions developed inside the IETF MANET working group, and for this reason it is called the MANET paradigm. However, they do not coincide, and in the last decade they clearly diverged. In this article, we start from the reasons why the MANET paradigm did not have a major impact on computer communications, and we discuss the evolution of the multihop ad hoc networking paradigm by building on the lessons learned from the MANET research. Specifically, we analyze four successful networking paradigms, mesh, sensor, opportunistic, and vehicular networks, that emerged from the MANET world as a more pragmatic application of the multihop ad hoc networking paradigm. We also present the new research directions in the multihop ad hoc networking field: peoplecentric networking, triggered by the increasing penetration of the smartphones in everyday life, which is generating a people-centric revolution in computing and communications. © 2014 IEEE.

Pavan G.M.,University of Applied Sciences and Arts Southern Switzerland
ChemMedChem | Year: 2014

Cationic dendrimers are promising nanocarriers for gene delivery thanks to their ability to establish strong interactions with oppositely charged strands of DNA and siRNA and to promote their aggregation. The binding between dendrimers and nucleic acids is typically a complex process that involves various types of interactions at different scales. To design efficient dendrimer candidates for DNA and siRNA binding it is necessary to have a detailed understanding of their interactions with oligonucleotides in the solvent. Molecular simulation can support experimental work, providing a privileged point of view on the aggregation process. This Minireview discusses recent computational efforts to unravel dendrimer-oligonucleotide binding, and proposes a perspective of the multiscale aggregation process based on hierarchy and on the transformations of the interacting "molecular units" following intermolecular interactions. © 2014 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Kulkarni R.V.,Missouri University of Science and Technology | Forster A.,University of Applied Sciences and Arts Southern Switzerland | Venayagamoorthy G.K.,Missouri University of Science and Technology
IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials | Year: 2011

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are networks of distributed autonomous devices that can sense or monitor physical or environmental conditions cooperatively. WSNs face many challenges, mainly caused by communication failures, storage and computational constraints and limited power supply. Paradigms of computational intelligence (CI) have been successfully used in recent years to address various challenges such as data aggregation and fusion, energy aware routing, task scheduling, security, optimal deployment and localization. CI provides adaptive mechanisms that exhibit intelligent behavior in complex and dynamic environments like WSNs. CI brings about flexibility, autonomous behavior, and robustness against topology changes, communication failures and scenario changes. However, WSN developers are usually not or not completely aware of the potential CI algorithms offer. On the other side, CI researchers are not familiar with all real problems and subtle requirements of WSNs. This mismatch makes collaboration and development difficult. This paper intends to close this gap and foster collaboration by offering a detailed introduction to WSNs and their properties. An extensive survey of CI applications to various problems in WSNs from various research areas and publication venues is presented in the paper. Besides, a discussion on advantages and disadvantages of CI algorithms over traditional WSN solutions is offered. In addition, a general evaluation of CI algorithms is presented, which will serve as a guide for using CI algorithms for WSNs. © 2005 IEEE.

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