Posch I.,University of Applied Arts Vienna |
Kurbak E.,University of Applied Arts Vienna
Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings | Year: 2016
This paper introduces the piece Crafted Logic, an interactive installation realized as part of a larger research into creating electronic components from scratch. The piece consists of fundamental logic gates that are created by various textile-crafting techniques. Each gate is composed of handcrafted relays that are controlled electromagnetically, and is capable of performing a different logical operation. In replicating the basis of digital electronics in novel forms and through unconventional materials, our intention is to imagine alternatives to existing realities of computational technologies. Crafted Logic is a speculative artifact and process as means to reflect on the creation of digital systems that surround us, as well as on how this shapes our interaction with them. © 2016 Authors.
News Article | February 16, 2017
FREDERICKSBURG, VA, February 16, 2017-- Berthold Schmutzhart has been included in Marquis Who's Who. As in all Marquis Who's Who biographical volumes, individuals profiled are selected on the basis of current reference value. Factors such as position, noteworthy accomplishments, visibility, and prominence in a field are all taken into account during the selection process.Wielding a federal teaching certificate from Austria, where he attended the University of Applied Arts Vienna in 1956, Mr. Schmutzhart has played a substantial role in art education for more than six decades. He initially spent seven years as a professor at The Werkschulheim Felbertal in Salzburg and, after moving to the United States in 1958, progressed as an independent sculptor in Washington D.C. and a teacher at the Longfellow School in Maryland. In 1963, he became the chairman of the sculpture department and worked as a professor at the Corcoran School of the Arts and Design, where he remained until 1994. During this time, he also spent 16 years as a lecturer at the Smithsonian Institution. Mr. Schmutzhart currently serves as a professor emeritus at the Corcoran School of the Arts and Design, a position which he has held since 1994.Mr. Schmutzhart has featured his artistic work at various locations, including the Smithsonian American Art Museum, the Birmingham Museum of Art, the Hirschhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, the National Gallery of Modern Art in New Delhi, the Gallery of Modern Art in Fredericksburg, and one-man shows at the Fredericksburg Gallery of Fine Art and the Franz Bader Gallery. His written contributions to his field include articles that can be found in assorted professional journals and "The Handmade Furniture Book," which was published in 1981. He has also been the recipient of such honors as a first prize award from the Washington Religious Arts Council and a silver medal from the National Audubon Society in Washington.In addition to his professional endeavors, Mr. Schmutzhart has served on boards for the Market Five Gallery, the Franz Bader Gallery, and the Franz and Virginia Bader Fund, along with other organizations. He has participated as a member in the Guild for Religious Architects, the American Association of University Professors and the Soaring Society of America. He was also president of the Washington D.C. chapter of the Artists Equity Association and president of the American Austrian Society. Due to his occupational accomplishments, Mr. Schmutzhart has been listed in Who's Who in America, Who's Who in America: Student Vision, Who's Who in the East, Who's Who in in the South and Southwest, and Who's Who in the World.About Marquis Who's Who :Since 1899, when A. N. Marquis printed the First Edition of Who's Who in America , Marquis Who's Who has chronicled the lives of the most accomplished individuals and innovators from every significant field of endeavor, including politics, business, medicine, law, education, art, religion and entertainment. Today, Who's Who in America remains an essential biographical source for thousands of researchers, journalists, librarians and executive search firms around the world. Marquis now publishes many Who's Who titles, including Who's Who in America , Who's Who in the World , Who's Who in American Law , Who's Who in Medicine and Healthcare , Who's Who in Science and Engineering , and Who's Who in Asia . Marquis publications may be visited at the official Marquis Who's Who website at www.marquiswhoswho.com
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: NMP-21-2014 | Award Amount: 6.97M | Year: 2015
The project NANO-CATHEDRAL aims at developing, with a nano-metric scale approach, new materials, technologies and procedures for the conservation of deteriorated stones in monumental buildings and cathedrals and high value contemporary architecture, with a particular emphasis on the preservation of the originality and specificity of materials. The objective is providing key tools for restoration and conservation: On representative lithotypes On European representative climatic areas With a time-scale/environmental approach With technology validated in relevant environment (industrial plant and monuments) Exploiting results also on modern stone made buildings A general protocol will be defined for the identification of the petrographic and mineralogical features of the stone materials, the identification of the degradation patterns, the evaluation of the causes and mechanisms of alteration and degradation, including the correlations between the relevant state of decay and the actual microclimatic and air pollution conditions. Moreover, innovative nano-materials will be developed suitable for: Surface consolidation: in this case water-based formulations based on nano-inorganic or nano-hybrid dispersions such as nano-silica, nano-titania, nano-hydroxyapatite, nano-calcite and nano-magnesia as well as their synergic combinations with organic and inorganic compounds will be considered. Surface protection: in this case, innovative composites will be developed consisting of polymers and nano-fillers. The use of hydrophobins, nano-assembled hydrofobic proteins extracted from fungi, and photocatalytic nano-particles (for favoring the decomposition of volatile organic molecules carried by polluted atmosphere and to prevent biofilm growth) will be considered. The project will contribute to the development of transnational cultural tourism and to the development of common European shared values and heritage, thus stimulating a greater sense of European identity.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: ICT-18-2014 | Award Amount: 1.22M | Year: 2015
AXIOM introduces the first professional, extendable, affordable and modular cinema camera platform based on Free Software, Open Design, Open Hardware, transparent development processes and extensive documentation. The project establishes an ecosystem that offers a sustainable basis for a broad spectrum of audiovisual applications and empowers enthusiasts, videographers as well as developers in the technology and creative industry sectors. AXIOM is not meant to be just one fixed product but rather an open platform stimulating the collaboration of the creative industry with a viable ecosystem for innovative (value-added) products and services. The project aims to show a best-practice example in European Open Hardware development and documentation. There is no comparable product on the market yet. AXIOM targets the demand for emerging technologies in the creative industry and imaging sectors (eg. cinema, broadcast, science or medical use): high-resolution (4K), high frame-rate (HFR), global shutter, open design (Open Hardware, FLOSS), modular system, using only open standards. AXIOM is a project of ground-breaking nature. We are expecting the project to be a best-practice-example, with very high potential to disrupt the creative industries in the imaging and video sectors. AXIOM is: -) a system between industrial and high end digital cinema camera, for a fraction of the price -) highly modular: customizable (software, hardware, FPGA) -) using open standards exclusively The proposed action includes prototyping, testing, demonstrating and piloting the AXIOM Open Integrated Modular Cinema Camera dubbed AXIOM Gamma. AXIOM will be presented at the international M.I.T. Open Hardware Summit 2015, research data and results will be released under a free licence.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENV.2008.3.2.2.1. | Award Amount: 2.11M | Year: 2009
Highly hydraulic binders, known as natural or Roman cements, were key materials to cover faades of buildings of the European Historicism and Art Nouveau (19th/early 20th century), a period of rapid urban growth in Europe. The maintenance, restoration and reconstruction of historic Roman cement faades form therefore an important issue in Europes efforts to preserve its architectural heritage. Therefore, the ROCARE project is proposed to provide conditions for the industrial development and commercialisation of Roman cements which is an innovative, promising technology developed at the level of a pilot-scale prototype in the recent research project of the 5th Framework Programme ROCEM, 2003-2006. The increasing awareness of the conservation profession and their interest in the product call now for further actions encompassed by the proposed ROCARE-project, which aim at filling gaps in knowledge and reducing the entry barriers of the novel technology to the market. They include (a) scaling up of the RC technology to a competitive level by optimising the process technologies at various conditions of production, (b) laboratory tests and studies to fully understand cement hydration and property development, as well as optimum conditions of mortar processing and handling in the conservation practice, and (c) broad dissemination measures to enlarge the market potential of the technology. The proposed project is designed for three-year duration and will be jointly conducted by 15 partners from industry, SMEs and research centres in 7 countries. It will allow the prototype developed in the earlier project to establish itself on the European market of building construction.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2014-ETN | Award Amount: 3.97M | Year: 2015
The InnoChain ETN network is a shared research training environment examining how advances in digital design tools challenge building culture enabling more sustainable, more informed and more materially smart design solutions. The network aims to train a new generation of interdisciplinary researchers with a strong industry focus that can effect real changes in the way we think, design and build our physical environment. The programme investigates the extended digital chain as a particular opportunity for interdisciplinary design collaboration. Challenging the traditional thinking of design as a linear process of incremental refinement, InnoChain identifies three axes of design innovation potential communication, simulation and materialisation appearing as distributed and interdisciplinary activities across the design chain. Situating feedback between design processes as a key concern for developing holistic and integrated design methods, the network will develop new interdisciplinary design methods that integrate advanced simulation and interface with material fabrication. With a strong inter-sector focus, InnoChain connects research in practice with research in academia. Assembling 6 internationally recognised academic research environments leading research into computational design in architecture and engineering and 14 innovation pioneering industry partners from architecture, engineering, design software development and fabrication, the programme will establish a shared training platform for 15 early stage researchers. The network creates a structured training programme focussed on supervision of individual research projects, an inter-sector secondment programme as well as collective research events including workshop-seminars, colloquia, summer school and research courses that provide a unique opportunity for young researchers to obtain new knowledge and skills positioning them between strong innovative research practice and influential industrial impact.
Seyfried G.,University of Applied Arts Vienna |
Pei L.,Biofaction KG |
Schmidt M.,Biofaction KG
BioEssays | Year: 2014
The encounter of amateur science with synthetic biology has led to the formation of several amateur/do-it-yourself biology (DIYBio) groups worldwide. Although media outlets covered DIYBio events, most seemed only to highlight the hope, hype, and horror of what DIYBio would do in the future. Here, we analyze the European amateur biology movement to find out who they are, what they aim for and how they differ from US groups. We found that all groups are driven by a core leadership of (semi-)professional people who struggle with finding lab space and equipment. Regulations on genetic modification limit what groups can do. Differences between Europe and the US are found in the distinct regulatory environments and the European emphasis on bio-art. We conclude that DIYBio Europe has so far been a responsible and transparent citizen science movement with a solid user base that will continue to grow irrespective of media attention. Here, we analyzed the European do-it-yourself biology (DIYBio) community consisting of enthusiastic biotechnologists, artists, and designers. We conclude that DIYBio Europe has so far been a responsible and transparent citizen science movement with a solid user base that will continue to grow irrespective of media attention. © 2014 The Authors. Bioessays published by WILEY Periodicals, Inc.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: NMP-2007-4.0-6 | Award Amount: 3.37M | Year: 2008
STONECORE is a project dealing with the development and application of nano materials for consolidation and conservation of natural and artificial stone. Six SMEs, four universities, one public research organisation and one public body from seven countries have jointed together in order to find a new approach for refurbishment. The idea is to develop and test nano materials compatible to the components originally used during construction together with non destructive stone assessment methods. Colloidal sols of calcium hydroxide, calcium / barium carbonate, calcium sulphate or related compounds will be in the centre of interest. These materials will be used also as new, biozide free agents for mildew removal. The project will lead from laboratory investigations and small scale applications on trial areas to the use of the developed materials on selected real objects. It is a project that aims on knowledge based refurbishment of buildings as well as monuments of cultural heritage and that combines natural sciences and the art of conservation. Thus, main subjects of STONECORE are: The development of nano materials compatible to natural and artificial stone for refurbishment of buildings, monuments, fresco, plaster and mortar, The development and test of suitable technologies for their application and The development and test of non destructive assessment methods (such as georadar) in combination with traditional assessment methods (SEM, XRD, drilling resistance and other). The project will have duration of three years. The results will be presented to the public and interested companies in three workshops, in which interested parties are invited to test the developed materials and techniques on own objects. The project contributes to the EC objectives by the development of materials and technologies allowing a reduction of the material and energy consumption during refurbishment, creating new business opportunities for SMEs and protecting the cultural heritage.
Quehenberger R.C.Z.,University of Applied Arts Vienna
AIP Conference Proceedings | Year: 2012
Insights into the foundations of quantum theory, including the wave-particle duality of light as developed in the last century, raise several questions. How can we imagine light both as wave and particle? What is a particle? How can we make comprehensible the phenomenon of light as elec-tromagnetic distortion, incorporating the ideas of Maxwell, Faraday and especially Theodor Kaluza, who placed light in 5-dimensional space? We investigate a 3D digital dynamic geometrical model applied to theories of light in order to provide a visual access for a better mathematical understanding. Hence to achieve this convergence of theories, we examine experimental facts of the famous entangled photon picture and theories of lines of force with AR methods to bring together the notion of "light quanta" and their connection to a discrete space structure in 5D. Examples of 3D animation are here depicted as still frames. © 2012 American Institute of Physics.
Mayer R.,University of Applied Arts Vienna
Acta Astronautica | Year: 2016
This paper discusses the relation of space and ecology through examples of artistic research on the closed ecological system experiment Biosphere 2 and the history of space settlements. While the idea of artificial ecological systems in space dates back to the first visions of space exploration, the best known link between ecology and space is probably the Whole Earth photos of the Apollo program. Following recent reconceptualizations of Ecology beyond the nature-culture divide I argue that this popular icon of ecology and space by now has become a limitation to both space exploration and a new ecological understanding in the Anthropocene. By interpreting Biosphere 2 as a model of our world that is not limited to biological relations but also includes socio-political aspects, culture, economy and technology, my performative research supports the idea of “Ecology without Nature” as proposed by Timothy Morton and others. Furthermore, through an artistic exploration of the local history and legacy of 1970s' space settlement enthusiasm in the San Francisco Bay Area and its ties to the later digital frontier and Green Capitalism, the paper discusses the 1990s as a pivotal transformational period for space and ecology. While so-called “globalizations” have often been illustrated by the Whole Earth image, associated developments have essentially revealed vast dimensions of space and time that have unsettled our very concept of world and are characteristic issues of the Anthropocene. At the same time, this “end of the world” could be employed to relate the Anthropocene to space exploration and rethink ecology as a theoretical framework transcending planet Earth. © 2016 IAA.