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Antwerp, Belgium

The University of Antwerp is one of the major Belgian universities located in the city of Antwerp. The name is abbreviated as UAntwerp, but sometimes as UA.As of 2014, the University of Antwerp ranks as 170th globally according to Times Higher Education, 205th according to QS World University Rankings and between the 301 and 400th place according to the Academic Ranking of World Universities. Wikipedia.

Bouhy D.,University of Antwerp
Annals of neurology | Year: 2013

Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) neuropathies are inherited neuromuscular disorders caused by a length-dependent neurodegeneration of peripheral nerves. More than 900 mutations in 60 different genes are causative of the neuropathy. Despite significant progress in therapeutic strategies, the disease remains incurable. The increasing number of genes linked to the disease, and their considerable clinical and genetic heterogeneity render the development of these strategies particularly challenging. In this context, cellular and animals models provide powerful tools. Efficient motor and sensory tests have been developed to assess the behavioral phenotype in transgenic animal models (rodent and fly). When these models reproduce a phenotype comparable to CMT, they allow therapeutic approaches and the discovery of modifiers and biomarkers. In this review, we describe the most convincing transgenic rodent and fly models of CMT and how they can lead to clinical trial. We also discuss the challenges that the research, the clinic, and the pharmaceutical industry will face in developing efficient and accessible treatment for CMT patients. Copyright © 2013 American Neurological Association.

Van geertruyden J.-P.,University of Antwerp
Clinical Microbiology and Infection | Year: 2014

Possible pathophysiological, clinical and epidemiological interactions between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tropical pathogens, especially malaria parasites, constitute a concern in tropical areas. Two decades of research have shown that HIV-related immunosuppression is correlated with increased malaria infection, burden, and treatment failure, and with complicated malaria, irrespective of immune status. The recent role out of antiretroviral therapies and new antimalarials, such as artemisinin combination therapies, raise additional concerns regarding possible synergistic and antagonistic effects on efficacy and toxicity. Co-trimoxazole, which is used to prevent opportunistic infections, has been shown to have strong antimalarial prophylactic properties, despite its long-term use and increasing antifolate resistance. The administration of efavirenz, a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, with amodiaquine-artesunate has been associated with increased toxicity. Recent in vivo observations have confirmed that protease inhibitors have strong antimalarial properties. Ritonavir-boosted lopinavir and artemether-lumefantrine have a synergistic effect in terms of improved malaria treatment outcomes, with no apparent increase in the risk of toxicity. Overall, for the prevention and treatment of malaria in HIV-infected populations, the current standard of care is similar to that in non-HIV-infected populations. The available data show that the wider use of insecticide-treated bed-nets, co-trimoxazole prophylaxis and antiretroviral therapy might substantially reduce the morbidity of malaria in HIV-infected patients. These observations show that those accessing care for HIV infection are now, paradoxically, well protected from malaria. These findings therefore highlight the need for confirmatory diagnosis of malaria in HIV-infected individuals receiving these interventions, and the provision of different artemisinin-based combination therapies to treat malaria only when the diagnosis is confirmed. © 2014 The Authors.

Chinese herbs nephropathy (CHN) and Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) are chronic tubulointerstitial renal diseases associated with urothelial carcinoma. The clinical expression and pathological lesions observed at different stages of CHN and BEN are strikingly similar. Both have been linked to exposure to aristolochic acid (AA), a powerful nephrotoxin and human carcinogen. Jelakovi et al. present molecular epidemiological evidence relating urothelial carcinoma in patients with BEN to dietary exposure to AA. It is time to abandon the terms CHN and BEN and introduce aristolochic acid nephropathy to cover both clinical conditions. © 2012 International Society of Nephrology.

Boudiny K.,University of Antwerp
Ageing and Society | Year: 2013

'Active ageing' is a topic of increasing attention in scientific and policy discussions on ageing, yet there is no consensus on its actual meaning. The current paper proposes a detailed classification of various definitions that have been used since its introduction. These definitions are subjected to critical investigation, and subtle differences with regard to such terms as 'healthy ageing' and 'productive ageing' are clarified. Bearing the hazards of previous definitions in mind, a comprehensive strategy is initiated. Given that earlier definitions have tended to exclude frail older adults, this strategy pays particular attention to the translation of the active-ageing concept to situations of dependency by centring on three key principles: fostering adaptability, supporting the maintenance of emotionally close relationships and removing structural barriers related to age or dependency. Copyright © 2012 Cambridge University Press.

Ostrikov K.,CSIRO | Neyts E.C.,University of Antwerp | Meyyappan M.,NASA
Advances in Physics | Year: 2013

The unique plasma-specific features and physical phenomena in the organization of nanoscale soild-state systems in a broad range of elemental composition, structure, and dimensionality are critically reviewed. These effects lead to the possibility to localize and control energy and matter at nanoscales and to produce self-organized nano-solids with highly unusual and superior properties. A unifying conceptual framework based on the control of production, transport, and self-organization of precursor species is introduced and a variety of plasma-specific non-equilibrium and kinetics-driven phenomena across the many temporal and spatial scales is explained. When the plasma is localized to micrometer and nanometer dimensions, new emergent phenomena arise. The examples range from semiconducting quantum dots and nanowires, chirality control of single-walled carbon nanotubes, ultra-fine manipulation of graphenes, nano-diamond, and organic matter to nano-plasma effects and nano-plasmas of different states of matter. © 2013 Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

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