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Aleppo, Syria

University of Aleppo is a public university located in Aleppo, Syria. It is the second largest university in Syria after the University of Damascus. During 2005-2006 the University had over 61,000 undergraduate students, over 1,500 graduate students and approximately 2,400 faculty members. The university currently has 25 faculties and 10 intermediate colleges. Wikipedia.

Kalaji F.R.,University of Aleppo
Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation : an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia | Year: 2012

Cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and I (cTnI) levels are considered as important diagnostic tools in acute coronary events. They could be of predictive value in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of increased cTnI and cTnT in HD patients and their prognostic relevance to all-cause mortality. We measured cTnT and cTnI at baseline in 145 asymptomatic HD patients. We used three different cut-off criteria to define elevated cardiac troponin levels as follows: the 99 th percentile of a reference population, the lowest concentration to give a 10% imprecision [10% coefficient of variation (10% CV)] and the relative operating characteristic (ROC) curve-determined value optimized for diagnostic sensitivity and specificity for detection of myocardial injury (MI). These concentrations were 0.01 ng/mL, 0.03 ng/mL and 0.1 ng/mL for cTnT and 0.2 ng/mL, 0.6 ng/mL and 1 ng/mL for cTnI, respectively. Patients were followed for all-cause mortality (median follow-up 551 days). Kaplan-Meier survival curves, log-rank test and Cox models were employed to determine whether baseline cTnT and cTnI levels were predictive of mortality. Greater percentages of patients had an increased cTnT versus cTnI at each cut-off as follows: 99 th percentile, 90.3% versus 35.2%; 10% CV, 73.1% versus 2.1%; and ROC, 20.7% versus 0.7%. During follow-up, 40 patients died. Elevated cTnT levels above the ROC concentration were associated with increased mortality, although it was not significant after adjustment for other risk factors. Univariate and adjusted hazard ratios were 2.3 [confidence intervals (CI), 1.2-4.5; P = 0. 01] and 1.9 (CI, 0.9-3.9; P = 0.07). No differences were found for cTnI levels. Diabetes mellitus was also an independent predictor of mortality. There is a high prevalence of positive cTnT and cTnI in asymptomatic HD patients, with a greater number of patients having an increased cTnT. Elevated troponin T, but not cTnI, seems to be associated with poor prognosis.

Objectives: The purpose of this research was to evaluate the color change of five aesthetic dental materials, before and after immersion in distilled water and blue food color solution for 7 and 21. days, and to study the effect of finishing the surfaces on any color change. Methods: Disc shaped samples of five types of light curing composite (A2) (n= 10 samples/composite) were prepared and all samples were light-cured with a Plasma Arc light cure unit for ten seconds. One side of each sample disc was finished and polished with a Super-Snap system all samples. After 24. h, color measurements of each sample were conducted using a digital spectrophotometer. Five sample discs from each composite group were immersed in 30. ml of food color solution for 7 and 21. days, while the remaining five sample discs were immersed in 30. ml of distilled water as a control. Color measurements were repeated for all samples at 7 and 21. days after immersion. The color changes were statistically analyzed using t-tests within the same group. A result was considered statistically significant at α= 0.05. Results: The color differences (Δ E) ranged from 0.4 to 4.66 and statistically significant differences on the finished and unfinished surfaces were observed after immersion in the food color solution for 7. days. No significant differences were found in any group after immersion in the food color solution for 21. days. The Tetric EvoCeram and Arabesk groups showed less color differences after 7 and 21. days than other composites. Conclusion: Finished composite surfaces showed less coloration than unfinished surfaces after 7. days, but all surfaces (finished and unfinished) were highly colored for all composite types after 21. days. © 2012.

Lajin B.,University of Aleppo | Alachkar A.,University of California at Irvine
British Journal of Cancer | Year: 2013

Background:Evidence is increasingly emerging about multiple roles for the NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase 1 enzyme in cancer. The C609T (rs1800566, Pro187Ser) null polymorphism of the NQO1 gene contributes significantly to the variation in enzymatic activity across different populations. NQO1 C609T polymorphism was thoroughly investigated with respect to cancer susceptibility. The results were inconsistent partly due to low sample sizes. The aim of the present work was to perform a meta-analysis to assess association for all common cancer sites separately and in combination.Methods:Our meta-analysis involved 92 studies including 21 178 cases and 25 157 controls. Statistical analysis involved individual cancer sites and the combined cancer risk. Association was tested under different genetic models.Results:We found a statistically significant association between the variant T allele and overall cancer risk in the worldwide population (for the TT vs CC model, OR=1.18 (1.07-1.31), P=0.002, I 2 =36%). Stratified analysis revealed that this association was largely attributed to the Caucasian ethnicity (for the TT vs CC model, OR=1.28 (1.12-1.46), P=0.0002, I 2 =1%). Stratification by tumour site showed significant association for bladder cancer in the worldwide population (for the TT vs CC model, OR=1.70 (1.17-2.46), P=0.005, I 2 =0%), and in the Asian population (for the TT vs CC model, 1.48 (1.14-1.93), P=0.003, I 2 =16%). Positive association was also found for gastric cancer in the worldwide population under the dominant model (OR=1.34 (1.09-1.65), P=0.006, I 2 =15%).Conclusion:Our results indicate that the C609T polymorphism of the NQO1 gene is an important genetic risk factor in cancer. © 2013 Cancer Research UK. All rights reserved.

Lajin B.,University of Aleppo
Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine | Year: 2012

Dietary folate status as well as polymorphisms in one-carbon metabolism genes may affect the risk of breast cancer through aberrant DNA methylation and altered nucleotide synthesis and DNA repair. A large number of studies investigated the role of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) and methionine synthase reductase (MTRR) polymorphisms in breast cancer with inconsistent results. Association between multiple polymorphisms in one-carbon metabolism genes and breast cancer was not studied before in an Arab population. The purpose of the present study is to test the hypothesis that polymorphisms in one-carbon metabolism genes are associated with breast cancer susceptibility in Syrian breast cancer women patients. A total of 245 subjects (119 breast cancer women patients and 126 healthy controls) were genotyped for MTHFR C677T and A1298C and MTRR A66G polymorphisms. Association was tested for under numerous genetic models. A statistically significant association was found for MTHFR A1298C polymorphism especially under the allele contrast model (odds ratio (OR) = 1.68, 95% confidence interval (CI) (1.16-2.45), P = 0.006). On the other hand, no significant association was found for MTHFR C677T or MTRR A66G under any of the genetic models tested. The effects of the compound genotypes were also examined. The 66GG genotype was found to be protective against breast cancer when combined with the 677CT or 1298AC genotype (OR = 0.18, 95% CI (0.04-0.82), P = 0.014; OR = 0.3, 95% CI (0.08-1.11), P = 0.058). In conclusion, our study supports the hypothesis that polymorphisms in one-carbon gene metabolisms modulate the risk for breast cancer, particularly the A1298C polymorphism of the MTHFR gene.

Salman S.M.,University of Aleppo
Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation : an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia | Year: 2011

Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is common among dialysis patients, with a reported prevalence of 6-60%. The prevalence of RLS in Syrian patients on hemodialysis (HD) is not known. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of RLS in patients on regular HD, and to find the possible correlation between the presence of RLS and demographic, clinical, and biochemical factors. One hundred and twenty-three patients (male/female = 70/53, mean age = 41.95 ± 15.11 years) on HD therapy at the Aleppo University Hospital were enrolled into the study. RLS was diagnosed based on criteria established by the International Restless Legs Syn-drome Study Group (IRLSSG). Data procured were compared between patients with and without RLS. Applying the IRLSSG criteria for the diagnosis, RLS was seen in 20.3% of the study pa-tients. No significant difference in age, gender, and intake of nicotine and caffeine was found between patients with and without the RLS. Similarly, there was no difference between the two groups in the duration of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), the period of dialysis dependence, dialysis adequacy, urea and creatinine levels, and the presence of anemia. The co-morbidities and the use of drugs also did not differ in the two groups. Our study suggests that the high prevalence of RLS among patients on HD requires careful attention and correct diagnosis can lead to better therapy and better quality of life. The pathogenesis of RLS is not clear and further studies are required to identify any possible cause as well as to discover the impact of this syndrome on sleep, quality of life, and possibly other complications such as cardiovasculare disease.

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