The University of Alberta is a public research university located in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. It was founded in 1908 by Alexander Cameron Rutherford, the first premier of Alberta, and Henry Marshall Tory, its first president. Its enabling legislation is the Post-secondary Learning Act.The university comprises four campuses in Edmonton, the Augustana Campus in Camrose, and a staff centre in downtown Calgary. The original north campus consists of 150 buildings covering 50 city blocks on the south rim of the North Saskatchewan River valley, directly across from downtown Edmonton. More than 39,000 students from across Canada and 150 other countries participate in nearly 400 programs in 18 faculties.The University of Alberta is a major economic driver in Alberta. The university’s impact on the Alberta economy is an estimated $12.3 billion annually, or five per cent of the province’s gross domestic product. With more than 15,000 employees, the university is Alberta's fourth-largest employer.The university has been recognized by the Academic Ranking of World Universities, the QS World University Rankings and the Times Higher Education World University Rankings as one of the top five universities in Canada and one of the top 100 universities worldwide.According to the 2014 QS World University Rankings the top Faculty Area at the University of Alberta is Arts and Humanities , and the top-ranked Subject is English Language and Literature .The University of Alberta has graduated more than 260,000 alumni, including Governor General Roland Michener, Prime Minister Joe Clark, Chief Justice of Canada Beverley McLachlin, Alberta premiers Peter Lougheed, Dave Hancock and Jim Prentice, Edmonton Mayor Don Iveson and Nobel laureate Richard E. Taylor.The university is a member of the Alberta Rural Development Network, the Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education and the Sustainability Tracking, Assessment & Rating System. Wikipedia.
University of Alberta | Date: 2016-09-06
A method of converting lipids to useful olefins includes reacting a mixture of lipids and a reactant olefin with microwave irradiation in the presence of ruthenium metathesis catalysts. The lipids may be unsaturated triacylglycerols or alkyl esters of fatty acids. The lipids may be sourced from renewable sources such as vegetable oil, waste cooking oil, or waste animal products.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology and University of Alberta | Date: 2016-11-23
The invention, in some aspects relates to compositions and methods for altering cell activity and function and the introduction and use of light-activated ion channels.
University of Alberta | Date: 2016-09-21
A combined hydrothermal and activation process that uses hemp bast fiber as the precursor to achieve graphene-like carbon nanosheets, a carbon nanosheet including carbonized crystalline cellulose, a carbon nanosheet formed by carbonizing crystalline cellulose, a capacitative structure includes interconnected carbon nanosheets of carbonized crystalline cellulose, a method of forming a nanosheet including carbonizing crystalline cellulose to create carbonized crystalline cellulose. The interconnected two-dimensional carbon nanosheets also contain very high levels of mesoporosity.
University of Alberta | Date: 2016-09-12
The invention provides a binding-induced DNA nanomachine that can be activated by proteins and nucleic acids. This new type of nanomachine hamesses specific target binding to trigger assembly of separate DNA components that are otherwise unable to spontaneously assemble. Three-dimensional DNA tracks of high density are constructed on gold nanoparticles functionalized with hundreds of single-stranded oligonucleotides and tens of an affinity ligand. A DNA swing arm, free in solution, can be linked to a second affinity ligand. Binding of a target molecule to the two ligands brings the swing arm to AuNP and initiates autonomous, stepwise movement of the swing arm around the AuNP surface. The movement of the swing arm generates hundreds of oligonucleotides in response to a single binding event. The new nanomachines have several unique and advantageous features over DNA nanomachines that rely on DNA self-assembly.
University of Alberta | Date: 2016-09-19
An underwater camera system includes a projector operable to project a pattern of electromagnetic radiation toward a target object. The electromagnetic radiation includes at least three different wavelengths. A sensor directed toward the target object receives reflected electromagnetic radiation from the target object and stores corresponding image data received from the sensor. One or more processors process the image data to compute a refractive normal according to a wavelength dispersion represented by differences in the image data, and to compute an interface distance corresponding to a distance from a center point of the sensor to a first refractive interface nearest the sensor according to the refractive normal. The processors generate a 3D representation of the target object by back projecting each pixel of the image data at the first, second, and third wavelengths in order to determine an object point location according to the refractive normal and interface distance.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, University of Alberta and President And Fellows Of Harvard College | Date: 2017-03-01
The invention, in some aspects relates to light-activated ion channel polypeptides and encoding nucleic acids and also relates in part to compositions comprising light-activated ion channel polypeptides and methods using light-activated ion channel polypeptides to alter cell activity and function.
University of Alberta and Medizinische Hochschule Hanover | Date: 2016-11-21
The present disclosure provides methods and compositions that find use in facilitating a diagnosis of inflammatory liver disease in a subject. The methods and compositions generally involve detection of eotaxin-3 (E3) levels, either alone or with levels of eotaxin-1 (E1), and optionally, with levels of CCL22 and, further optionally, with levels of IL15. These levels can be used to facilitate a diagnosis of a liver disease of at least one of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), and primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), and/or to facilitate a differential diagnosis between AIH, PBC, and PSC. The methods and compositions of the present disclosure also find use in facilitating treatment decisions for a subject.
University of British Columbia and University of Alberta | Date: 2015-07-22
Disclosed herein is a method for screening and diagnosis of Anderson-Fabry Disease in a subject based on biomarker expression in patient samples. Also disclosed are computer systems, kits, and software for implementation of the biomarkers.
President And Fellows Of Harvard College and University of Alberta | Date: 2017-04-26
Provided herein are variants of an archaerhodopsin useful for application such as optical measurement of membrane potential. The present invention also relates to polynucleotides encoding the variants; nucleic acid constructs, vectors, cells comprising the polynucleotides, and cells comprising the polypeptides; and methods of using the variants.
University of Alberta | Date: 2017-07-05
Constructs having membrane proteins stabilized by functionalized beta-sheet peptides are provided. The constructs can be associated with or covalently linked to supports. The support can be a membrane. The membrane can be used to selectively move desired particles from one side of the membrane to the other while impeding passage of undesired particles through the membrane. Methods of making and using such constructs and membranes are provided.