Alba Iulia, Romania
Alba Iulia, Romania

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Briciu S.,University of Alba Iulia | Todor L.S.,Commercial Academy of Satu Mare | Andreica H.T.,Commercial Academy of Satu Mare
Metalurgia International | Year: 2010

Efficient use of accounting information for fulfilling the major objective of accounting to provide a complete and accurate image of the financial statement can be achieved only by using modern information resources.


Ceuca E.,University of Alba Iulia | Tulbure A.,University of Alba Iulia
Proceedings of the 2014 37th International Spring Seminar on Electronics Technology, ISSE 2014 | Year: 2014

The paper presents the experimental case-study, concerning the behavior of the induction cooking system. The paper describes the experimental steps and tests to obtain a functional stand in order to understand and improve the design and achieve an optimal operation for converters involved in practical applications. © 2014 IEEE.


Tudorascu M.,University of Alba Iulia | Ienciu I.,University of Alba Iulia | Oprea L.,University of Alba Iulia
International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management, SGEM | Year: 2014

The property is the absolute, exclusive and perpetual right of its owner, perhaps one of the most important guaranteed rights, of which a person can enjoy, an individual (physical person) or a juridical person. Taking into account the recent change in Romanian civil legislation, we consider the present scientific material very useful, for an overview of this institution under the auspices of the New Civil Code [1]. By article 552 NCC [2]: "Property is public or private". With reference to the Romanian Constitution, art. 136 provides: "(1) Property is public or private. (2) Public property is guaranteed and protected by the law and belongs to the State or Administrative Units. (3) Riches of public interest, the air, the waters with hydropower national interest, beaches, territorial waters, natural resources of the economic zone and of the continental shelf, and other assets established by organic law, shall be exclusively, public property. (4) Public property is inalienable. (5) In accordance with the law, they can be managed by the autonomous administrations or public institutions or may be leased or rented; also, they can be given for free use to public institutions”. In article 44 of the Romanian Constitution we find: "(1) The property right and claims against the State are guaranteed ... (2) Private property is guaranteed and protected equally by the law, regardless of the ownership ...". The national legal provisions set clear therefore, that the property is divided into two institutions, the public property and the private property. Property classification is very important in this form, for us to understand the legal nature and the applicable regime for each type of property. We believe that any approach of the property right is insufficient, because of the scale and the importance of this juridical institution. Moreover, the property right, either private or public, it has an elite regulation in most European laws, but also in universal laws, the respect for it and the guarantee of this right also can be found in the fundamental human rights, in the international treaties, and in the Constitutions of different nations. We will try therefore, a brief overview of the new Romanian legislation in the mentioned field, which is already harmonized with European legislation, the result being the New Romanian Civil Code. We believe that the interpretation should be considerably more extensive, but pragmatically, we will try to capture the main theoretical and practical features, to denote the importance of this institution. © SGEM2014.


Koncsag M.E.,University of Alba Iulia
International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management, SGEM | Year: 2014

One of the essential activities of mine surveying in Romania is to establish the location and boundaries of mining perimeters, which do not have visible physical boundaries. This activity requires an efficient use of cartographic and geodesic knowledge. In many countries, the lack of cover of topographical maps and/or the lack of geodesic networks, has led to inaccurate positioning of mining perimeters and has created frequent conflicts between the owners of mining licenses. Nowadays, available modern technologies, including satellite images, GPS and the GIS tools can help and make up for those shortcomings. When facing the problems of establishing the geometry of mining perimeters, we can use the GIS, which is a tech tool used for drawing maps, because the official document that is being used in every country for the positioning of mining perimeters is the official map set up by the system of cartographic projections used nationwide (or an equivalent entity). © SGEM2014.


Gavrila-Paven I.,University of Alba Iulia | Radoviciu R.,University of Alba Iulia
Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology | Year: 2012

Our century is marked by great discoveries and transformations of human civilisation which has a significant impact over the existing life on the planet. Until recently the natural resources of the Earth were enough to sustain the human needs. Now due to demographic enlargement and extreme development of all activity areas, the exploitation of the earth resources needed to ensure the production of goods has dramatically increased causing an ecological imbalance. The perfection and modernisation of the technological processes using the newest scientific discoveries have reduced the consumption of raw material, but not the consumption of energetic resources. Due to an increased production and industrialisation the production of goods had intensified the consumption of the resources causing an imbalance over the environment. In the entire activity of the environment and the rational usage of all the Earth natural resources is being supervised with a series of antipollution standards imposed to protect the environment, adoption of less polluting technologies in the manufacturing process. The intense pollution and the continuous decreasing of the nature resources in ways that exceed the nature possibilities to undo create a global unbalance caused by the intense exploitation.


Dimen L.,University of Alba Iulia | Ienciu I.,University of Alba Iulia | Ludusan N.,University of Alba Iulia | Popa M.,University of Alba Iulia | Oprea L.,University of Alba Iulia
Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology | Year: 2012

Seriousness of the problems focused to the protection and quality of the environment at the national and international levels impose the need for urgent changes in educational systems of many countries. Modern educational theory, practice and recommendations of international organisations conduct for introducing basic aspects regarding to sustainable development and en-vironment protection. In order to understand the need and the importance of environmental factors and laws in professional domain, the connection between environmental and professional aspects of students future professional activities, it is necessary to understand the environmental protection as the necessary content and principle of educational work at the university. In the paper, the edu-cational needs of different groups of the academic population are synthesised; in fact, the program educational orientation for the environmental protection in higher education is shown. The main goal of this education is to show that SD is not a burden, but a challenge to contribute to personal development. It will describe the changes in the engineering curriculum that were implemented and give a preliminary evaluation of these changes.


Burja C.,University of Alba Iulia
Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology | Year: 2012

Agriculture and within it, industrialised viticulture of our century, developed on intensively chemicalised and mechanised technologies has lead to problems that can affect a supreme value criteria and namely, human health, through environment and food depreciation. The paper presents a possibility to justify managerial decisions within agricultural holdings in order to sustainable develop them, based on the life cycle assessment of the products. This management technique targets the impact of the agricultural activities on the environment, on the manufacturing stages of the agricultural products, also highlighting their economic and social effects. The paper refers to the importance of life cycle assessment and the used methodology illustrated in a case study regarding wine grapes grown at the Tarnavelor vineyard in Romania through conventional and green technology. The analysis based on the life cycle assessment specific for the 2 technologies underlines the superiority of the green technology in comparison to the conventional one, from écologie, economic and social perspectives.


Boca M.L.,University of Alba Iulia | Secara M.,Technical University of Cluj Napoca
Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering | Year: 2015

Carbon represents the fourth most abundant chemical element in the world, having two stable and one radioactive isotope. The 13Carbon isotopes, with a natural abundance of 1.1%, plays an important role in numerous applications, such as the study of human metabolism changes, molecular structure studies, non-invasive respiratory tests, Alzheimer tests, air pollution and global warming effects on plants [2]. Distributed systems are increasingly being applied in critical real-time applications and their complexity forces programmers to use design methods which guarantee correctness and increase the maintainability of the products. Objectoriented methodologies are widely used to cope with complexity in any kind of system, but most of them lack a formal foundation to allow the analysis and verification of designs, which is one of the main requirements for dealing with concurrent and reactive systems. This research is intended to make an analogy between two tips of industrial processes, one 13C Isotope Separation Column and other one distributed systems. We try to highlight detection of "mission critical "situations for this two processes and show with one is more critical and needs deeply supervisyon [1], [3]. © 2015 SPIE.


Marza I.,University of Alba Iulia
European Journal of Science and Theology | Year: 2014

Documentary sources, and especially external narrative sources and a certain part of historiography interested in this topic demonstrate the existence of multiple relations between Alba Iulia, the capital of the Transylvanian Principality, and the Italian Peninsula. There was an obvious historical reality proved by concrete documentary sources and direct references about several Italians' European activity and presence - most of them being recruited from Societas Jesu - in the Citadel of the Principality that is turned into good account nowadays. Mention should be made about the following Italians: Jesuit monk Ferrante Capeci, native of Sicily; Ludovic Odescalchi, member of the Jesuit Residence of Cracow, Italian scholar Antonio Possevino, remarkable member of the Jesuit Order in Italy; Pope Pius II (Enea Silvio Piccolomini), author of several works in the field of History and Geography, promoter of one of the Christians' Crusades against the Turks; Apostolic Nuncio Alfonso Visconti, etc. The Italians' presence in Alba Iulia marked a cultural re-orientation and a European type of politics, the spreading and consolidation of several concepts of the Catholic Church, and even an opening towards the values of Renaissance and Humanism of European type that entered in the Transylvanian society during the time of Principality. There was a time when the princes of Alba Iulia sought to consolidate their prestige by means of cultural, social and political activities and events in which they participated and with the help of certain people and objects with interest for art. The history of Alba Iulia owes a lot to many Italians, Jesuit monks and representatives of the Catholic Church, etc. They visited the capital of Principality or stayed here and described the city, the citadel with its monuments, churches or surroundings, and its inhabitants as well. Their accounts, re-discussed and re-interpreted as a continuation of the identity and alterity problem specific to the social imaginary and collective mentalities, represent authentic historical sources and current topics with astonishing results needed in the field of modern historiography.


Popa-Gorjanu C.,University of Alba Iulia
European Journal of Science and Theology | Year: 2014

This papers aims to show that the political options of the humanist Nicholas Olahus, who entered Habsburg service in the troubled years following the death of King Louis II of Hungary at Mohács, were determined primarily by his religious allegiance, his loyalty to the Catholic Church and the Habsburg promise to collaborate with the Papacy. I have made extensive use of his correspondence from 1526-1530 to examine the evolution of his political orientation, options and arguments.

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