University of Alba Iulia

Alba Iulia, Romania

University of Alba Iulia

Alba Iulia, Romania
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Being a cultural magazine that served as an official organization of The Transylvanian Association for Romanian literature and the culture of the Romanian people (Astra), Transilvania has abundantly published information on books. Without doubt, most books were linked to newly published books or to the ones that were in the ongoing process of printing thanks to the Association, but nevertheless information on old Romanian or foreign book could also be found. The primary purpose of this research is to present the way in which Transilvania magazine has understood to support bibliographic information and the way it focused, or not, on old books. Our study is based on data gathered from the magazine but also on bibliographical sources, edited or unedited.


The present research aims to analise the way in which Transylvanian Association for Romanian Literature and the Culture of the Romanian People magazine evolved during 1896-1914. After the discussions concerning the way in which it appeared on the market, ways that were not a few, we presented the data refering to its printing number and expenses, but also to its areal. We did not randomly choose this period, it corresponded to the second step of the history of the official organization of the Association. In order to do this, we focused on the articles that were published by Transylvania magazine, espacially the ones regarding the discussions of the organization.


This study wishes to point out a segment that we tried to approach, even tangentially, as for history of Romanian typography from Alba Iulia, 1577-1702. We refer to letters and typographical decorations used by typographers in old Romanian printings. Circulation of typographical material from one printing house to another, copying typographical decorations or taking up some already existent, but also circulation of typographers within this geographical area remain for at least now an incomplete part in researching the culture of Romanian book.


Interference of the Court from Vienna in the cultural and political life of Romanians from Transylvania is a reality much debated in the Romanian historiography, mainly the Transylvanian one. By this study we focused attention on a printing office-publishing house, which during the last decades of the XVIIIth century, made a significant contribution to enriching both laic literature and the ecclesiastic one, to the use of Transylvanian Romanians. The Viennese typographer, who edited an impressive number of books in Romanian, some bilingual, in combination with German or other languages, was Joseph Lorenz von Kurzbock, typographer and librarian of the Court. Followed closely by empress Maria Therese, then Joseph II, Kurzbock was granted the privilege to print books in Romanian with Cyrillic letters on 14 February 1770 for 20 years. We worked up a successful business, becoming a specialized typographer in the Austrian area both for text books, books for children and adults and those for training future teachers. From the first book Bucvar (Primer) appeared in 1771, within his typography were printed 6 books of this type, Cathechisms, Arithmetics, but also practical works such as that of Ioan Molnar, Economia stupilor (Beehive handbook), Rânduiala judecatoreasca (Judicial organization) etc. On the other hand, he printed Samuil Micu Carte de rogaciuni (Prayer book) and Dissertatio canonica de matrimonio, and the representative work Elementa Linguae Daco-Romanae sive Valahicae appeared within the same typography. His books, released by permission of his superiors, completed the "Romanian library" from the end of the XVIIIth century under the Enlightenment, projection starting from the cultural centre of Vienna.


Tudorascu M.,University of Alba Iulia | Ienciu I.,University of Alba Iulia | Oprea L.,University of Alba Iulia
International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management, SGEM | Year: 2014

The property is the absolute, exclusive and perpetual right of its owner, perhaps one of the most important guaranteed rights, of which a person can enjoy, an individual (physical person) or a juridical person. Taking into account the recent change in Romanian civil legislation, we consider the present scientific material very useful, for an overview of this institution under the auspices of the New Civil Code [1]. By article 552 NCC [2]: "Property is public or private". With reference to the Romanian Constitution, art. 136 provides: "(1) Property is public or private. (2) Public property is guaranteed and protected by the law and belongs to the State or Administrative Units. (3) Riches of public interest, the air, the waters with hydropower national interest, beaches, territorial waters, natural resources of the economic zone and of the continental shelf, and other assets established by organic law, shall be exclusively, public property. (4) Public property is inalienable. (5) In accordance with the law, they can be managed by the autonomous administrations or public institutions or may be leased or rented; also, they can be given for free use to public institutions”. In article 44 of the Romanian Constitution we find: "(1) The property right and claims against the State are guaranteed ... (2) Private property is guaranteed and protected equally by the law, regardless of the ownership ...". The national legal provisions set clear therefore, that the property is divided into two institutions, the public property and the private property. Property classification is very important in this form, for us to understand the legal nature and the applicable regime for each type of property. We believe that any approach of the property right is insufficient, because of the scale and the importance of this juridical institution. Moreover, the property right, either private or public, it has an elite regulation in most European laws, but also in universal laws, the respect for it and the guarantee of this right also can be found in the fundamental human rights, in the international treaties, and in the Constitutions of different nations. We will try therefore, a brief overview of the new Romanian legislation in the mentioned field, which is already harmonized with European legislation, the result being the New Romanian Civil Code. We believe that the interpretation should be considerably more extensive, but pragmatically, we will try to capture the main theoretical and practical features, to denote the importance of this institution. © SGEM2014.


Koncsag M.E.,University of Alba Iulia
International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management, SGEM | Year: 2014

One of the essential activities of mine surveying in Romania is to establish the location and boundaries of mining perimeters, which do not have visible physical boundaries. This activity requires an efficient use of cartographic and geodesic knowledge. In many countries, the lack of cover of topographical maps and/or the lack of geodesic networks, has led to inaccurate positioning of mining perimeters and has created frequent conflicts between the owners of mining licenses. Nowadays, available modern technologies, including satellite images, GPS and the GIS tools can help and make up for those shortcomings. When facing the problems of establishing the geometry of mining perimeters, we can use the GIS, which is a tech tool used for drawing maps, because the official document that is being used in every country for the positioning of mining perimeters is the official map set up by the system of cartographic projections used nationwide (or an equivalent entity). © SGEM2014.


Burja C.,University of Alba Iulia
Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology | Year: 2012

Agriculture and within it, industrialised viticulture of our century, developed on intensively chemicalised and mechanised technologies has lead to problems that can affect a supreme value criteria and namely, human health, through environment and food depreciation. The paper presents a possibility to justify managerial decisions within agricultural holdings in order to sustainable develop them, based on the life cycle assessment of the products. This management technique targets the impact of the agricultural activities on the environment, on the manufacturing stages of the agricultural products, also highlighting their economic and social effects. The paper refers to the importance of life cycle assessment and the used methodology illustrated in a case study regarding wine grapes grown at the Tarnavelor vineyard in Romania through conventional and green technology. The analysis based on the life cycle assessment specific for the 2 technologies underlines the superiority of the green technology in comparison to the conventional one, from écologie, economic and social perspectives.


Boca M.L.,University of Alba Iulia | Secara M.,Technical University of Cluj Napoca
Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering | Year: 2015

Carbon represents the fourth most abundant chemical element in the world, having two stable and one radioactive isotope. The 13Carbon isotopes, with a natural abundance of 1.1%, plays an important role in numerous applications, such as the study of human metabolism changes, molecular structure studies, non-invasive respiratory tests, Alzheimer tests, air pollution and global warming effects on plants [2]. Distributed systems are increasingly being applied in critical real-time applications and their complexity forces programmers to use design methods which guarantee correctness and increase the maintainability of the products. Objectoriented methodologies are widely used to cope with complexity in any kind of system, but most of them lack a formal foundation to allow the analysis and verification of designs, which is one of the main requirements for dealing with concurrent and reactive systems. This research is intended to make an analogy between two tips of industrial processes, one 13C Isotope Separation Column and other one distributed systems. We try to highlight detection of "mission critical "situations for this two processes and show with one is more critical and needs deeply supervisyon [1], [3]. © 2015 SPIE.


Marza I.,University of Alba Iulia
European Journal of Science and Theology | Year: 2014

Documentary sources, and especially external narrative sources and a certain part of historiography interested in this topic demonstrate the existence of multiple relations between Alba Iulia, the capital of the Transylvanian Principality, and the Italian Peninsula. There was an obvious historical reality proved by concrete documentary sources and direct references about several Italians' European activity and presence - most of them being recruited from Societas Jesu - in the Citadel of the Principality that is turned into good account nowadays. Mention should be made about the following Italians: Jesuit monk Ferrante Capeci, native of Sicily; Ludovic Odescalchi, member of the Jesuit Residence of Cracow, Italian scholar Antonio Possevino, remarkable member of the Jesuit Order in Italy; Pope Pius II (Enea Silvio Piccolomini), author of several works in the field of History and Geography, promoter of one of the Christians' Crusades against the Turks; Apostolic Nuncio Alfonso Visconti, etc. The Italians' presence in Alba Iulia marked a cultural re-orientation and a European type of politics, the spreading and consolidation of several concepts of the Catholic Church, and even an opening towards the values of Renaissance and Humanism of European type that entered in the Transylvanian society during the time of Principality. There was a time when the princes of Alba Iulia sought to consolidate their prestige by means of cultural, social and political activities and events in which they participated and with the help of certain people and objects with interest for art. The history of Alba Iulia owes a lot to many Italians, Jesuit monks and representatives of the Catholic Church, etc. They visited the capital of Principality or stayed here and described the city, the citadel with its monuments, churches or surroundings, and its inhabitants as well. Their accounts, re-discussed and re-interpreted as a continuation of the identity and alterity problem specific to the social imaginary and collective mentalities, represent authentic historical sources and current topics with astonishing results needed in the field of modern historiography.


Popa-Gorjanu C.,University of Alba Iulia
European Journal of Science and Theology | Year: 2014

This papers aims to show that the political options of the humanist Nicholas Olahus, who entered Habsburg service in the troubled years following the death of King Louis II of Hungary at Mohács, were determined primarily by his religious allegiance, his loyalty to the Catholic Church and the Habsburg promise to collaborate with the Papacy. I have made extensive use of his correspondence from 1526-1530 to examine the evolution of his political orientation, options and arguments.

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