University of Agronomical Sciences and Veterinary Medicine

www.usamv.ro
Bucharest, Romania

University of Agronomic science and Veterinary Medicine in Bucharest, Romania, is a university which specializes in agriculture and veterinary medicine. Its campus is located on 59, Mărăşti Blvd. Wikipedia.

SEARCH FILTERS
Time filter
Source Type

Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: ISIB-02-2015 | Award Amount: 1.84M | Year: 2016

The European Fruit Network (EUFRUIT) includes 12 countries focussed on 4 thematic areas of critical for the competiveness and innovation potential of the European Fruit sector: i) new cultivar development and evaluation; ii) minimise residues on fruit and the environment; iii) optimising storage and fruit quality; iv) sustainable production systems. EUFRUIT will coordinate and support innovation through developing a framework for relevant stakeholders and it will establish a systematic approach for knowledge gathering and dissemination. The systematic approach includes: i) scanning & synthesis via 4 expert groups who scan state-of-art knowledge, practises and technologies and synthesise the material to identify key areas of learning and best practise approaches at a European level. ii) showing & sharing will deliver outreach/dialogue at a national level through establishment of local operational groups. An online Knowledge Platform will hold all outreach material, outreach activities include; 100 industry publications, 90 technical bulletins, 25 flyers/newsletters, 60 seminars, 160 field based meetings, 25 conference plus 12 events aimed at the general public. iii) sustaining the network will occur through long-term integration of the assembled EUFRUIT network in future actions. The overall outcome of EUFRUIT will be establishment of a framework and a systematic approach that together builds a bridge across the valley of death. This bridge will secure a direct path for new knowledge in the future and reduce the likelihood of repetition of research at a national level. The European fruit sector will have ready access to up-to-date information to implement and value will be created both for the industry with respect to competitiveness, sustainability and efficiency and society through ensuring the security and safety of fruit; underpinning human health and wellbeing.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: ISIB-02-2015 | Award Amount: 2.11M | Year: 2016

The Data Driven Dairy Decisions for Farmers (4D4F) thematic network will focus on the role which dairy animal and environmental sensors can play in collecting real time information to help make more informed decisions in dairy farming. The network will develop a Community of Practice comprised of farmers, farm advisors, technology suppliers, knowledge exchange professionals and researchers who will work together to debate, collect and communicate best practice drawn from innovative farmers, industry and the research community to facilitate the co-creation of best practice. The results will be communicated to farmers using best practice guides on the use of sensors and data analysis tools supported by videos, infographics and an online virtual warehouse of dairy sensor technologies. The network will include the development of Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) which can be tailored to individual farms to help farmers and farm advisors adopt dairy sensor and data analysis technology. The SOPs will be developed by working groups of the Community of Practice including farmers, farm advisors, technology suppliers, knowledge exchange professionals and researchers, who will work together to develop farmer friendly SOPs. The on line Community of Practice and published communication tools will be complimented by on farm events and workshops to help farmers and farm advisors implement innovative sensor and data analysis technologies. The workshops and events will promote discussion between farmers and their peers on how best to use sensors and data analysis in their own businesses. This will lead to local peer to peer support to facilitate the adoption of data driven dairy decision making. The network will work closely with EIP Agri and at member state level it will work with existing EIP Operational Groups working on dairy data and sensors and, where suitable Operational Groups do not exist, it will work with local partners to develop new Operational Groups.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2014 | Award Amount: 580.50K | Year: 2015

The conversion of conventional aquaculture farms in sustainable aquaculture farms help aquaculture businesses to achieve economic viability and competitiveness. Sustainable aquaculture is undoubtedly the management technique that has most contributed to support aquaculture businesses to adopt aqua-environmental measures for protection of the environment, natural resources and landscape. Aquaponics is known as a sustainable production system for plants and fish that combines traditional aquaculture (aquatic livestock), such as fish, crayfish and shrimp with the hydroponics (growing plants in water) in a symbiotic environment. The Aquaponics is a production system where the waste is utilized as nutrients is a system sustainable for the environment, where high-value products on the market are obtained because they are grown with organic nutrients and free of chemicals or pesticides. By this research project, we aim at to improving onboard waste management and reduce the amount of waste disposed of inappropriately. In order to achieve this goal, we have the following objectives: to integrate aquaculture production system with agricultural production system (aquaponics) and to reconcile and achieve social, economic and environmental objectives with processing and marketing action to add more value to end aquaponics products. The project will develop concepts for the next generation of aquaculture production systems which can be used for multiple purposes, including aquaculture, agriculture and social farming. The project originality comes through its multidisciplinary character in the sense that it combines a research team specialized in various fields, whose experience will result in a production platform product, including all necessary technical indicators for developing and interpretation socio-economic of the results obtained.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: H2020-TWINN-2015 | Award Amount: 1.10M | Year: 2016

The project coordinator is among Romanias most competitive agricultural universities, yet at international level and in the agricultural economics discipline still struggles to become fully competitive. Three extremely innovative and well-known Western institutions of agricultural economics research have agreed to deliver the necessary know-how to improve this situation. Mainly four important bricks have been designed in response to the call text of Significantly strengthening a defined field of research in a particular knowledge institution by creating a link between this institution and internationally-leading research institutions: 1. Institutional support is provided to implement internal review processes and to strengthen the motivation of the workforce 2. Quarterly training sessions on scientometrics, supply and demand analysis and modelling is going to support the scientific staff of the faculty to become more proficient in applying quantitative methods. 3. Summer schools will be held on game theory, full-cost-calculation and policy analysis in which students of the faculty, but also of other Romanian universities may train their handling of economic issues. 4. Three-months exchanges in both directions will stabilize the exchange of methods and theories and will provide opportunities for joint research and publication. Two groups will support the process: An International Advisory Board will evaluate the quality of the process from a scientific viewpoint after one year and at the end of the project. The Stakeholder Board has the objective of formulating local needs and to link them with the process of scientific development in the faculty. Intensive communication activities additionally contribute to inform the local and scientific public about the twinning project.


Vamanu E.,University of Agronomical Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
Molecules | Year: 2012

The antioxidant and antimicrobial potential of the ethanolic extract of Pleurotus ostreatus PQMZ91109 mycelium was determined based on inorganic and organic nitrogen sources in the culture medium. The presence of ammonium sulfate resulted in a greater accumulation of bioactive compounds compared with the organic ones. This finding was also confirmed by the low values of the ascertained EC 50 and minimum inhibitory concentration (MICs). Among the organic sources, peptone followed by corn extract, led to a more important radical-scavenging activity. The extracts selectively inhibited the tested strains, mainly the two of the genus Candida, at an MIC value of 1.25 mg/mL. The antioxidant potential was evaluated by the inhibition capacity of the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, β-carotene-linoleic acid, which is the reducing power. In addition, the quantity of the compounds with antioxidant effects confirmed the data obtained, they being present in the extracts. © 2012 by the authors.


Vamanu E.,University of Agronomical Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
Journal of Medicinal Food | Year: 2013

The antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of two edible mushrooms (Pleurotus ostreatus PBS281009 and Coprinus comatus M8102) were evaluated in this study. The mycelium ethanolic extract obtained in the presence of four different nitrogen sources was investigated with regard to their production of phenolic compounds, β-carotene, lycopene, and their antimicrobial and antioxidant properties. Significant differences in phenol and β-carotene concentrations in mycelia grown in different nitrogen sources were observed. Corn extract proved to be the most appropriate source for increasing bioactive properties, leading to the lowest EC50 and minimum inhibitory concentration values in the P. ostreatus PBS281009 species, while peptone was the most suitable for the C. comatus M8102 species. The antimicrobial capacity was screened against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and against two species of Candida. These results indicate that the mycelia from these two edible mushrooms can be used as nutraceuticals and functional products. © Copyright 2013, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.


Vamanu E.,University of Agronomical Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology | Year: 2012

Exopolysaccharides (EPS) and internal (intracellular) polysaccharides (IPS) obtained from the Pleurotus ostreatus M2191 and PBS281009 cultivated using the batch system revealed an average of between 0.1-2 (EPS) and 0.07-1.5g/L/day (IPS). The carbohydrate analysis revealed that the polysaccharides comprised 87-89 EPS and 68-74 IPS. The investigation of antioxidant activity in vitro revealed a good antioxidant potential, particularly for the IPS and EPS isolated from PBS281009, as proved by the EC50 value for DPPH, ABTS scavenging activity, reducing power, and iron chelating activity. © 2012 Emanuel Vamanu.


Vamanu E.,University of Agronomical Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
Revista de Chimie | Year: 2013

The purpose of this study is to determine the antioxidant activity of fluidized bed extracts from Betula verucosa leaves. Extractions were performed using ethanol and methanol, both at a concentration of 70%, and the phytochemical composition was determined for each type of extract after lyophilization. Evaluation of the antioxidant potential was achieved by free radicals scavenging activity, by the reducing power, the chelating effect on ferrous ions, and inhibition of human erythrocyte hemolysis. The obtained results showed that both extracts had a strong antioxidant activity, and also possessed human erythrocyte membrane protection against oxidative action of 2,2 '-azo-bis (2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (AAPH), mainly for the ethanol lyophilisate. In the case of the phytochemical analysis, significant contents of phenolics, flavonoids, proanthocyanidins, saponins, alkaloids, and vitamin C were determined. A significant correlation between the antioxidant properties of lyophilized extracts, the phenolic component, and the content of ascorbic acid were also calculated.


Vamanu E.,University of Agronomical Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
Revista de Chimie | Year: 2013

The purpose of this study was to determine the antioxidant activities of four different extracts from the mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus available in Romanian markets. Antioxidant activity was calculated by the reducing power assay, the scavenging effect on free radicals, inhibition of lipid peroxidation and chelating effects on ferrous ions. Ethanolic extract presented the highest free radicals scavenging and metal chelating activities. Thus, significant positive correlations proved that the antioxidant effects of ethanolic extract were a result of the presence of the phenolic and flavonoidic compounds. However, the ability to inhibit lipid peroxidation depended on the solvent: methanol > ethanol > cold water > hot water. In the four extracts, different types of molecules with antioxidant properties were determined.


Pop A.,University of Agronomical Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
Current pharmaceutical biotechnology | Year: 2015

Antibiotic resistance is a major problem in current contemporary medicine and it has become a major concern of the 21st century. New resistance mechanisms developed by microorganisms spread greatly, threatening the ability to treat numerous infectious diseases, and increasing the number of nosocomial infections. Besides the role in immunology and glycobiology where they are used as hemaglutinine and identification of complex carbohydrates and glycoconjugates, lectins proved to mediate diversified biological functions like cytotoxicity, complement activation, cell-to-cell and host-pathogen communications, innate immune response, and cell-to-cell signalling. Recently, great interest has been developed for the research and applications of lectins in agriculture and medicine due to their antiparasitic and antimicrobial potentials. This review focuses on the recent data regarding the antimicrobial and antiparasitic activities of lectins, by presenting the role of lectins in host-pathogen interaction and also the cytotoxic effects on microorganisms and parasites. Identification and characterisation of new lectins with antimicrobial activity could serve as a natural alternative for the treatment of infections caused by antibiotic-resistant microorganisms and parasites.

Loading University of Agronomical Sciences and Veterinary Medicine collaborators
Loading University of Agronomical Sciences and Veterinary Medicine collaborators