University of Agder is a public university with campuses in Kristiansand and Grimstad, Norway. The institution was established as a university college in 1994 with the merger of six colleges and was granted its current status as a university in 2007, but its academic activity dates as far back as 1839. It is one of eight universities in Norway; the other seven are the University of Oslo, the University of Tromsø, the University of Stavanger, the University of Bergen, the Norwegian University of Life science in Ås, the Norwegian University of Science and Technology in Trondheim and the University of Nordland in Bodø. Wikipedia.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-10-2015 | Award Amount: 2.00M | Year: 2016
Response to crisis often reveals organisational and technological shortcomings, which threaten community recovery and sustainable. Even though some technological solutions exist, challenges of communication, interoperability, and data analytics remain. The deployment and use of technologies, and the social structures in which they are adopted, are interdependent. Hence it is imperative to develop human-centred technologies that take into account actual real world practices of affected populations and responders. The rise of social media as an information channel during crisis has become key to community resilience and response. However, existing crisis awareness applications, such as Ushahidi, while vital for information gathering, often struggle to address the challenges of real-time social data analysis and aggregation of crisis micro-events, and filtering of unverified content and reporters. This project will build an intelligent collective resilience platform to help communities to reconnect, respond, and recover from crisis situations. COMRADES will achieve this through an interdisciplinary, socio-technical approach, which will draw on the latest advances in computational social science, social computing, real-time analytics, text and social media analysis, and Linked Open Data. The platform specifications and design requirements will be derived through participatory design workshops with existing activist, responder, and reporter communities. The open source COMRADES platform will go beyond the now standard data collection, mapping, and manual analysis functions provided by the underpinning, widely used Ushahidi crisis mapping tool, to include new intelligent algorithms aimed at helping communities, citizens, and humanitarian services with analysing, verifying, monitoring, and responding to emergency events. COMRADES platform will be deployed and evaluated with multiple, local and distributed, communities, using collective multilingual crisis information.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2013.6.1 | Award Amount: 5.38M | Year: 2014
The consortium behind the SEMIAH project aims to pursue a major technological, scientific and commercial breakthrough by developing a novel Information and Communication Technology (ICT) infrastructure for the implementation of Demand Response (DR) in households. This infrastructure enables the shifting of energy consumption from high energy-consuming loads to off-peak periods with high generation of electricity from Renewable Energy Sources (RES). The projects innovative approach is based on the development of an open ICT framework that will promote an environment for the deployment and innovation of smart grid services in households. A centralised system for DR service provisioning based on aggregation, forecasting and scheduling of electricity consumption will be developed. Furthermore, the project delivers a DR solution for control of electrical loads at a competitive price. The solution consists of a number of smart plugs that can be controlled over a home area network through a gateway connected to a wide area network. The consortium will integrate security and privacy functions to ensure that the system cannot be compromised. Finally, the consortium will develop new business models for electricity players and residential customers to quantify costs and benefits for players in the value chain. SEMIAH will provide benefits to residential customers, energy utilities and the society in general, through lower electricity bills, improved integration of RES and higher stability of the electricity grid. Hereby, the project will enable savings in CO2 emissions and fuel costs and reduce investments in electricity network expansions and electricity peak generation plants. The consortium of 12 partners from 4 different European countries, coming from ICT (Aarhus University, Centre Suisse DElectronique et de Microtechnique, University of Agder and Haute Ecole Specialisee de Suisse Occidentale), Energy (Fraunhofer IWES, Agder Energi Nett, SEIC Teledis, EnAlpin, Misurio and Develco Products) and Telecommunications (Devoteam Solutions and netplus) jointly possess the technological skills and competencies needed to overcome the identified challenges and to drive this ambitious project to successful result.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: DRS-03-2015 | Award Amount: 21.10M | Year: 2016
Effective EU support to a large external crisis requires new approaches. In response to this challenge and to identified user and market needs from previous projects, Reaching Out proposes an innovative multi-disciplinary approach that will optimize the efforts, address a wide spectrum of users and maximize market innovation success. This approach results in five main objectives: to 1. Develop a Collaborative Framework, with distributed platforms of functional services, 2. Implement a flexible and open collaborative innovation process involving users and SMEs, suppliers, operators and research organisations, 3. Develop, upgrade and integrate 78 new connectable and interoperable tools, 4. Conduct 5 large scale demonstrations on the field: o health disaster in Africa (Epidemics in Guinea, with strong social and cultural issues), o natural disaster in a politically complex region and a desert environment (Earthquake in the Jordan Valley, led jointly by Jordan, Israel and Palestine), o three global change disasters in Asia targeted at large evacuation and humanitarian support in Bangladesh (long lasting floods, huge storms and associated epidemics,), EU citizen support and repatriation in Shanghai (floods & storm surge), radiological and industrial disasters impacting EU assets in Taiwan (flash floods, landslides, storm surge and chemical and radiological disasters), supported and co-funded by local authorities, 5. Provide recommendations and evaluations for future legal and policy innovations. The project will be conducted under the supervision of senior end-users. It will be performed with flexible and proven procedures by a balanced consortium of users, industry, innovative SMEs, RTO and academia in the EU and the demonstration regions. The main expected impact is to improve external disaster and crisis management efficiency and cost-benefit and increase the EU visibility whilst enhancing EU industry competitiveness and enlarging the market.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: DRS-07-2014 | Award Amount: 4.64M | Year: 2015
Smart Mature Resilience (SMR) will develop and validate Resilience Management Guidelines, using three pilot projects covering different CI security sectors, as well as climate change and social dynamics. The Resilience Management Guidelines will provide a robust shield against man-made and natural hazards, enabling society to resist, absorb, accommodate to and recover from the effects of a hazard in a timely and efficient manner, including through the preservation and restoration of essential structures and functions. A set of tools operationalize crucial interdependent supporting structures of the Resilience Management Guidelines: 1) a Resilience Maturity Model defining the trajectory of an entity through measurable resilience levels; 2) a Systemic Risk Assessment Questionnaire that, beyond assessing the entitys risk, determines its resilience maturity level; 3) a portfolio of Resilience Building Policies that enable the entitys progression towards higher maturity levels; 4) a System Dynamics Model allowing to diagnose, monitor and explore the entitys resilience trajectory as determined by resilience building policies, and, 5) a Resilience Engagement and Communication Tool to integrate the wider public in community resilience, including public-private cooperation. Beyond delivering the validated Resilience Management Guidelines and the five supporting tools, the SMR project establishes a European Resilience Backbone consisting of vertebrae (adopters, from fully committed through direct project participation to alerted potential adopters). The SMR projects powerful impact maximizing measures will assist the implementation of the Resilience Management Guidelines by consolidating the resilience vertebrae as mutually supporting functional units of the European Resilience Backbone. The five tools operationalizing the five crucial interdependent supporting structures of the Resilience Management Guidelines will be commercialized, targeting users in Europe and beyond
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SEC-2011.2.5-1 | Award Amount: 4.68M | Year: 2012
Today, attackers are using more sophisticated technologies, making existing add-on security solutions obsolete or insufficient, and the number of stakeholders involved both human and machines is always increasing. Thus, design and embedding of new security mechanisms directly into the systems is needed to drastically increase reliability and security levels, and provide higher levels of resilience. To make the current situation even more challenging, the global financial crisis has imposed unprecedented budgetary restrictions to both the public and private sectors. This means that any new security solution must be both technically efficient and financially cost-effective, facilitating the protection of previous investments and the flexible incremental evolution of the security systems protecting European CI. To tackle these challenges, PRECYSE will define, develop and validate a methodology, an architecture and a set of technologies and tools to improve by design the security, reliability and resilience of the ICT systems supporting the Critical Infrastructures (CI). It will build on previous research and existing standards, and will pay due attention to performance demands of current CI systems, as well as to relevant privacy, legal and ethical issues. The solutions proposed by PRECYSE will be validated in two demonstrations in the domains of transport and energy. All the process will be strongly user-driven, with not only two high profile user organisations forming part of PRECYSE consortium, but also a powerful User Group which spans through multiple application domains energy, transport, defence and police forces, utilities, public authorities, etc.- and all European regions, from Southern Europe to Scandinavia. The project will carry out a strong community building effort and activities aimed at preparing the large scale adoption of the project results.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-RISE | Phase: MSCA-RISE-2016 | Award Amount: 828.00K | Year: 2017
The main goal of the CLOVER project is to offer a novel methodology in an environmental mechatronic control system design relying on multidisciplinary knowledge. This methodology should allow aspects to be taken into account, such as controller robustness, indirect measurement of system states and parameters, and disturbances attenuation on the stage of establishing controller architecture. In addition, methods for tuning the control algorithms will be developed and based on the solution of optimization task considering control priorities, such as environment friendliness and energy efficiency. The implementation of the project CLOVER is based on intensive staff exchange that will lead to collaborative research and training between universities and industrial organizations from Germany, Austria, Belgium, Norway, UK, Mexico, and Japan. To guarantee a strong focus of the project activities on real-world problems, the CLOVER concept is based on the R&D and training in three interfacing topics: Mechatronic chassis systems of electric vehicles, Mechatronic-based grid-interconnection circuitry, and Offshore mechatronics, which will identify and facilitate collaborative learning and production of innovative knowledge. The CLOVER objectives will be achieved through intensive networking measures covering knowledge transfer and experience sharing between participants from academic and non-academic sectors, and professional advancement of the consortium members through intersectoral and international collaboration and secondments. In this regard, the CLOVER project is fully consistent with the targets of H2020-MSCA-RISE programme and will provide excellent opportunities for personal career development of participating staff and will lead to the creation of a strong European and international research group to create new environmental mechatronic systems.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: BES-10-2015 | Award Amount: 4.00M | Year: 2016
The enduring humanitarian crisis in the Middle East, the unrelenting high levels of violence in Afghanistan and new outbursts of violence in South-Sudan have made 2014 another record-breaking year for acts of violence against humanitarian aid workers. In 2000 41 significant attacks on aid workers were recorded across the globe. By 2014, that number had risen to 190. In this 15-year period, over 3,000 aid workers have been killed, injured or kidnapped. Despite the increasing availability of tracking and monitoring technologies, the number of humanitarian workers that fall victim to attacks continues to rise. Clearly, a novel and innovative approach to tracking and decision-making is needed. Information systems for fleet management, GPS for navigation and location or RFID tags for inventory management are just a few of the technologies that have changed the humanitarian operations. Until now, however, there is no integrated decision support system that provides real-time analyses from the data streams that are generated by these technologies. This lack of integrated real-time information prevents an understanding of potentially threatening situations, increases response times and creates insecure communications, all leading to inadequate protection and hampered efficiency and effectiveness. The aim of better protection and more efficient and effective operations can only be achieved by devel-oping technologies along with the policies for their use. GPS, for example, notwithstanding its capability to provide live tracking of vehicles for recovery, cannot prevent an ambush or kidnapping. Technologies therefore need to go hand in hand with procedures and policies in order to provide useful early warnings to decision-makers on the ground as well as decision support for scheduling, navigation, risk management and coordination. Policies, in other words, provide for the essential guidance on how to use the technologies in the field. This project will develop human-centred technologies that take into ac-count actual real-world practices of humanitarian aid workers, and provide policies for better protection and a more effective and efficient response. Based on principles of Privacy by Design, this project will build the iTRACK system, an integrated intelli-gent real-time tracking and threat identification system to improve protection of responders and assets, and provide information management and logistics services such as real-time information updates and analyses as well as navigation, routing and scheduling. iTRACK will achieve this through an interdiscipli-nary, socio-technical approach, which will draw on the latest advances in sensor development, GIS, secu-rity & privacy, artificial intelligence, information management, risk analysis, and humanitarian logistics.
Chadli M.,University of Picardie Jules Verne |
Karimi H.R.,University of Agder
IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems | Year: 2013
This paper deals with the observer design for Takagi-Sugeno (T-S) fuzzy models subject to unknown inputs and disturbance affecting both states and outputs of the system. Sufficient conditions to design an unknown input T-S observer are given in linear matrix inequality (LMI) terms. Both continuous-time and discrete-time cases are studied. Relaxations are introduced by using intermediate variables. Extension to the case of unmeasured decision variables is also given. A numerical example is given to illustrate the effectiveness of the given results. © 2012 IEEE.
Karimi H.R.,University of Agder
Journal of the Franklin Institute | Year: 2012
In this paper, a sliding-mode approach is proposed for exponential H ∞ synchronization problem of a class of masterslave time-delay systems with both discrete and distributed time-delays, norm-bounded nonlinear uncertainties and Markovian switching parameters. Using an appropriate LyapunovKrasovskii functional, some delay-dependent sufficient conditions and a synchronization law, which include the masterslave parameters are established for designing a delay-dependent mode-dependent sliding mode exponential H ∞ synchronization control law in terms of linear matrix inequalities. The controller guarantees the H ∞ synchronization of the two coupled master and slave systems regardless of their initial states. Two numerical examples are given to show the effectiveness of the method. © 2011 The Franklin Institute. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Karimi H.R.,University of Agder
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers | Year: 2011
The problem of robust mode-dependent delayed state feedback H ∞ control is investigated for a class of uncertain time-delay systems with Markovian switching parameters and mixed discrete, neutral, and distributed delays. Based on the LyapunovKrasovskii functional theory, new required sufficient conditions are established in terms of delay-dependent linear matrix inequalities for the stochastic stability and stabilization of the considered system using some free matrices. The desired control is derived based on a convex optimization method such that the resulting closed-loop system is stochastically stable and satisfies a prescribed level of H ∞ performance, simultaneously. Finally, two numerical examples are given to illustrate the effectiveness of our approach. © 2011 IEEE.