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Adıyaman, Turkey

Baran M.F.,University of Adyaman | Gokdogan O.,University of Nevsehir
Energy Efficiency | Year: 2015

This study aimed to make an energy analysis of sugar beet production in Kırklareli Province of Turkey during production season in 2012–2013. In order to determine energy input-output of sugar beet, the surveys were performed in 48 sugar beet farms, selected by using Neyman method, located in Kırklareli Province. The data were collected by face-to-face questionnaires and observations. The energy input and output were calculated as 34,201.75 and as 285,600 MJ ha−1, respectively, in sugar beet production. Energy inputs consist of 41.97 % chemical fertilizer’s energy, 21.16 % diesel fuel energy, 11.97 % irrigation, 11.96 % electricity energy, 6.47 % human labour energy, 5.53 % machinery energy, 0.61 % seed energy and 0.33 % chemical energy. Energy usage efficiency, energy productivity, specific energy and net energy in sugar beet production were calculated as 8.35, 1.98 kg MJ−1, 0.50 MJ kg−1 and 251,398.25 MJ ha−1, respectively. © 2015 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht Source

Kara M.,Mugla University | Yumrutas O.,University of Adyaman | Atilgan R.,Firat University | Baspinar M.,Firat University | And 2 more authors.
Molecular Biology Reports | Year: 2014

In the present study, effects on expression of antioxidant, apoptotic and anti-apoptotic genes (GSR, GRX3, SOD1, RAI-NOS, HSP7, BAX, Bcl-2, CASP3 and MDH1) of substances being used in non-surgical sterilization such as quinacrine, erythromycin and tetracycline were evaluated in over tissue. Moreover, expression of some specific mi-RNA (miR-15b, miR-21, miR34a and miR-98) that playing a role in apoptosis was determined in same tissue. Prospective comparative experimental study. Genetics and Histology laboratory. Total number of 28 Wistar albino 12–14 week old female rats with regular cycles and 200–220 grams in weight. Total RNA was isolated from tissues by using a RNA isolation kit. Gene expression levels were evaluated by Real-Time PCR method. Tubal passage and fibrosis induction in tissues was observed in the histochemical analysis. In the statistical analysis of data Kruskal–Wallis variance analysis and Mann–Whitney U test were used and p < 0.05 were accepted as significant. While the expressions of target genes found to be increased in quinacrine and erythromycin group when compared to control group, this increase was insignificant. In quinacrine group, increase in the SOD1 expression levels was only statistically significant (p < 0.05). Expression levels of miR-15b, miR-21, miR34a and miR-98 microRNAs were found to be up-regulated in all experimental groups, despite this, only the increased expression miR-34 was found as statistically significant when compared to control. Tubal blockage and fibrosis induction scores of quinacrine, erythromycin and tetracycline were significantly higher than control. Results of the present study suggest that the doses treated of quinacrine, erythromycin and tetracycline used in non-surgical sterilization effect poorly the expression of anti-oxidant, apoptotic and anti-apoptotic genes, but the expression of miR-34 playing the role in apoptosis increased after treatment of these substances. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. Source

Hepsag F.,University of Adyaman | Kurt S.,University of Adyaman
Journal of Food Science and Technology | Year: 2013

To determine the potential values of yellow lentil flour (Y) and chickpea flour (C) as breading materials the effects of yellow lentil and chickpea flours on the quality of fresh and frozen chicken meatballs were studied. Breading flour mixtures were prepared as 2:1 Y:C, 1:1 Y:C, 1:2 Y:C, 100 % Corn flour. Coated meatballs with breading were divided two parts. First part was analysed in raw and fried meatballs for the effects of each treatment. Second part stored at −13 °C for 4 months. Thiobarbutiric Acid (TBA), pH, Total Volatile Basic Nitrogen (TVB-N) and Free Fatty Acid (FFA) values of coated samples were determined at the 0th, 15th, 30th, 60th, 90th and 120th days. Instrumental colour (L, a and b values) and sensory values were determined after deep-fat frying at the 0th, 60th and 120th days. Lentil and chickpea flours affected some of the physical, chemical and sensory properties of the chicken meatballs. They increased moisture retention and decreased oxidation stability of meatballs compared to the corn flour. However, their effects on the sensory properties of fresh fried meatballs were not found statistically significant. Storage period increased pH, TBA, TVB-N and FFA values of meatballs. The effects of storage period on the sensory properties were not found significant with the exception of odour. Colour values were taken into consideration, L values decreased with 1:2 Y:C and b values increased with storage period. © 2013, Association of Food Scientists & Technologists (India). Source

Gokdogan O.,Bingol University | Baran M.F.,University of Adyaman
Energy Education Science and Technology Part A: Energy Science and Research | Year: 2014

In this study, it was aimed to make an energy input-output analysis of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) oil. In this study, the energy balance of sesame oil has been defined. According to average data of enterprise has been calculated at a sesame oil producing enterprise located in the Isparta province of the Turkey. In sesame oil production, energy input has been calculated as 1801.20 MJ and energy output has been calculated as 1734.59 MJ. Energy output/input rate has been defined as 0.96. Energy inputs consist of 84.39% sesame seed energy, 8.52% equipment (oil pressing) energy, 6% electricity energy and 1.09% human labour energy, respectively. In this production, that sesame seed has been used as raw material in the sesame oil production in process as the highest input. In the energy outputs, an average of 27.50 kg sesame oil and 72.50 sesame pulp have been extracted by processing 100 kg sesame seed. © Sila Science. All Rights Reserved. Source

Agacayak K.S.,Dicle University | Gulsun B.,Dicle University | Koparal M.,University of Adyaman | Atalay Y.,Afyon Kocatepe University | And 2 more authors.
Medical Science Monitor | Year: 2015

Background: Oral breathing causes many changes in the facial anatomical structures in adult patients. In this study we aimed to determine the effects of long-term oral breathing (>5 years) on the maxillary sinus volumes among adult male patients.Material/Methods: We accessed medical records of 586 patients who had undergone cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) for any reason between September 2013 and April 2014. Patients who had undergone cone-beam dental volumetric tomography scans for any reason and who had answered a questionnaire about breathing were screened retrospectively. Cone beam dental volumetric tomography (I-Cat, Imaging Sciences International, Hatfeld, PA, USA) was used to take the images of the maxillo-facial area at a setting of 120 kVp and 3.7 mA. This study involved male patients older than 21 years of age.Results: The study included a total of 239 male patients, of which 68 were oral breathers and 171 were nasal breathers. The mean age of the oral breathers was 48.4 years and that of the nasal breathers was 46.7 years and the difference was not statistically significant (p>0.05). The mean maxillary sinus volumes of the oral and nasal breathers were 9043.49±1987.90 and 10851.77±2769.37, respectively, and the difference in maxillary sinus volume between the 2 groups was statistically significant (p<0.001).Conclusions: The volume of maxillary sinus in oral breathers (>5 years) was significantly lower than in nasal breathers, but it remains unclear whether this is due to malfunctioning of the nasal cavity or due to the underlying pathological condition. © Med Sci Monit Source

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