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Aden, Yemen

The University of Aden is the first Yemeni university founded in the Republic of Yemen beside Sana'a University. Its emergence constitutes a true extension and a continuation of the cultural and educational traditions of the Yemeni people and a fulfillment of goals of the two September and October Revolutions. Wikipedia.

Yousef K.A.,University of Aden
Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation : an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia | Year: 2011

Nocturnal enuresis is a common problem among children and adolescents. Data regarding this problem in schoolchildren in Yemen are scarce. This study was aimed to determine the prevalence of nocturnal incontinence in Aden school going children, describe its severity and identify the relation between nocturnal enuresis with personal and family characteristics. The study was a cross-sectional survey conducted on the public basic schoolchildren in Aden, Yemen, in the period November 2007-April 2009. A random, multistage sample of 890 students was taken from four districts in eight schools and divided into two strata: males and females. Data were obtained by using pre-recorded questionnaire, which was completed by parents. The response rate was 73.7% (656 students); 113 (17.2%) cases of nocturnal enuresis were encountered. Nocturnal enuresis decreased by age from 31.5% at 6-8 years to 8.7% at 15+ years (P < 0.05). Primary nocturnal enuresis affected 76.1%, of which the majority of children were bedwetting every night. Positive family history of nocturnal enuresis, deeper sleep, daytime enuresis, tea drinking, being non working father or with less education showed significant association with the occurrence of enuresis in the students. Stressful events in the previous 6 months of the study were twice more frequently noted. The study concluded that the prevalence of nocturnal enuresis in Aden public school children and its associated factors are almost comparable with that reported in epidemiological studies from various countries. Health education will encourage the parents to be aware, cope with this problem and seek appropriate medical advice.

Ba-Saddik I.A.,University of Aden
Cancer Epidemiology | Year: 2013

Background: Cancer in children is increasingly recognized as a major and growing health problem in different developed and developing countries. In Yemen, it is still difficult to know the extent of cancer and its determinants among children. This study was conducted to determine the magnitude of childhood cancer in Aden and provide the preliminary baseline data by age and sex. Methods: Basic epidemiologic data was retrieved from all paediatric cancer <15 years age registered in Aden Caner Registry (ACR), Yemen, from 1997 to 2006. Results: The results showed a total of 483 childhood cancers <15 years age comprising12.7% of all registered malignancies with a male to female ratio of 1.5:1. The predominant age affected was 5-9 years in (38.3%) children. The most frequent cancer among Yemeni children was leukaemia 160 (33.1%) followed by lymphoma 152 (31.5%), CNS tumors 35 (7.2%) and bone tumours 25 (5.2%). An interesting and unusual finding was the frequency of acute myeloid leukaemia twice more common in female (66.7%) than male (33.3%). Lymphoma was the most common cancer in children >5 years. An interesting comparison was the preponderance of non-Hodgkins's lymphoma over Hodgkin's disease (1.6:1) stronger in female (3:1) than male (1.25:1). Medulloblastoma was the most common CNS tumour followed by astrocytoma, an infrequent finding in childhood cancer. Osteosarcoma was the most frequent bone tumour (male:female ratio of 1.8:1). A female preponderance was noticed in chondrosarcoma that was not yet documented. The blastoma group was common in younger age group. Retinoblastoma and nephroblastoma predominated in female while neuroblastoma, hepatoblastoma and soft tissue sarcomas in male. Conclusion: It is concluded that there is a lower frequency of childhood cancer in Aden when compared with developed countries. It may explained by the fact that a large number of childhood cancers remain undiagnosed due to limitations of diagnostic facilities or under registration. Central paediatric hospitals should be provided with essential diagnostic and therapeutic services that should be freely available to all children with cancer. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Selm S.B.,University of Aden
Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation : an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia | Year: 2010

To evaluate the prevalence of anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) among the hemodialysis patients and to identify the risk factors of infection in relation to age, sex, blood transfusions, duration of dialysis and primary cause of end stage-kidney disease. We studied 51 patients who were on chronic hemodialysis (HD) at the Al-Gamhourea Teaching Hospital, Aden, Yemen, during Jan-Dec 2007. All the patients were tested for anti-HCV antibody, and we used 100 healthy blood donors as controls. The anti-HCV antibody prevalence rate among the HD patients was found to be significantly higher than that in the control group (62.7% and 0.8%, respectively). The prevalence rate of anti-HCV antibody was higher among men (64%) than that in women (35%). The anti-HCV antibody-positive patients were significantly older than the anti-HCV-antibody-negative patients (66.5 ± 14.4 years versus 57.5 ± 15.4 years; P = 0.01). Diabetic nephropathy was a more frequent cause of end-stage renal disease among the anti-HCV antibody-positive patients (30%) than among the anti-HCV antibody-negative patients (19%). Among the anti-HCV-positive patients, 80% had received a blood transfusion, which was significantly higher than the 20% rate among the anti-HCV antibody-negative patients (P < 0.001).

Alasbahi R.H.,University of Aden | Melzig M.F.,Free University of Berlin
Planta Medica | Year: 2010

Plectranthus barbatus Andr. is one of the most important species of the genus Plectranthus L Herit. (Lamiaceae), with a wide variety of traditional medicinal uses in Hindu and Ayurvedic traditional medicine as well as in the folk medicine of Brazil, tropical Africa and China. The plant has therefore been an attractive target for intensive chemical and pharmacological studies up to now. This review presents data about the phytochemistry, ethnobotanical uses and pharmacology of Plectranthus barbatus as well as the pharmacology of its constituents. In addition to essential oil, abietane diterpenoids and 8,13-epoxy-labd-14-en-11-one diterpenoids are the main constituents found in Plectranthus barbatus. The major ethnobotanical uses are for intestinal disturbance and liver fatigue, respiratory disorders, heart diseases and certain nervous system disorders. Forskolin as one of the major constituents with its unique adenylyl cyclase activation that underlies the wide range of pharmacological properties could explain the different traditional uses of Plectranthus barbatus. Forskolin is involved in a number of patented pharmaceutical preparations used as over-the-counter drugs for the treatment of several ailments. However, the water-insoluble nature of forskolin limits its clinical usefulness. Forskolin thus served as a prototype for the development of 6-(3-dimethylaminopropionyl)forskolin hydrochloride (NKH477) as a potent water-soluble forskolin derivative that finds use in the therapy for a number of diseases especially of the cardiovascular system. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

Abdo K.S.A.,University of Aden
Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences | Year: 2013

Changes of some haematological and biochemical parameters of 30 Yemeni toad (Bufo Tihamicus) were studied after one and two hours of cold stress. The haematological parameters showed an increase after one and two hours in compare to control. The RBC count increased after one and two hours as (1.44 and 1.65) x 106 cells/mm3, hemoglobin amount (Hb) as ( 8.6 and 9.52) g/dl, hematocrit value (HCT) as ( 24.6 and 27.88 %), mean cell volume (MCV) as (171.08 and 168.32 μm3) and mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration(MCHC) as (34.99 and 34.53 g/dl) . The studied biochemical parameters changed after one and two hours. The values of serum total protein were significantly (p<0.05) increased, as (5.4 and 6.8 g/dl), glucose as (76 and 74 mg/dl), cholesterol as (178 and 149 mg/dl) and GOT as (20 and 38 u/l) after one and two hour cold stress respectively, while the values of serum GPT (29 u/l)only after two hour significantly (p<0.05) increased.

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