Abuja, Nigeria
Abuja, Nigeria

The University of Abuja in the Nigerian capital Abuja was established on January 1, 1988 as a dual-mode university with the mandate to run conventional and distance learning programmes. Academic work began in the University in 1990 with the matriculation of the pioneers students. Wikipedia.

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Onalo R.,University Of Abuja
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice | Year: 2013

Background: Hypothermia is a major factor in neonatal morbidity and mortality in developing countries. High prevalence of hypothermia has been reported widely even from warmer tropical countries. In spite of the World Health Organization's recommendation of maintenance of warm chain in newborn care, hypothermia continues to be a common neonatal condition which has remained under-recognized, under-documented, and poorly-managed. Objective: This review aims at providing the incidence of and risk factors for neonatal hypothermia as well as provides a pathophysiological overview and management options for neonates with the condition in sub-Saharan Africa. Materials and Methods: All available published literature on neonatal hypothermia was searched electronically and manually. The principal electronic reference libraries and sites searched were PubMed, Embase, Ajol, Cochrane Reference Libraries and Google Scholar. The search terms used included 'neonatal hypothermia,' 'Cold stress in newborn' 'thermal care of the newborn,' 'neonatal thermogenesis,' 'neonatal cold injury,' among others. Pertinent books and monographs were accessed. Data in formats inaccessible to the reviewer were excluded. Result and Conclusion: Neonatal hypothermia is a major condition of public health importance in countries of sub- Saharan Africa. Awareness of the burden of the disease is still low in some communities. Risk factors for neonatal hypothermia in the region include poverty, home delivery, low birthweight, early bathing of babies, delayed initiation of breastfeeding and inadequate knowledge among health workers. Low-tech facilities to prevent heat losses and provide warmth are available in sub-Saharan Africa and are thus recommended as well as continuous efforts at sensitizing caregivers on the thermal needs of newborns.

Owolabi R.S.,University Of Abuja
Nigerian journal of medicine : journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria | Year: 2011

This study was conducted among Secondary School Students in Federal Capital Territory (FCT),Abuja Nigeria, between May and June 2010 to determine the knowledge and attitudes of the students towards Sickle Cell Disease (SCD). The study was a cross-sectional study carried out on 600 students from 8 secondary schools located within (FCT). A multistage sampling method was used for selection of the study population. Data was collected with the aid of a pretested self-administered questionnaire and analyzed with EPI-INFO 2008. The age of respondents ranged from 9 to 26 years with the mean age of 15.16 (SD = 2.13). The modal age of the respondents was 10-19 years (97.8%). The male: female ratio was 1.01:1. A large number of respondents' fathers (80.7%) and mothers (70.2%) respectively, had at least secondary school education. Majority (81.8%) of the respondents claimed to have heard about sickle cell disease (SCD) but only 38.0% of them knew the cause of SCD. Slightly less than half, 292 (48.7%) of the respondents knew their genotype. Of the 292 respondents that knew their genotype, 206 (70.5%) were AA, 50 (17.1%) were AS,14 (4.8%), SS, 11 (3.8%)AC, 5 (1.7%) SC, 4 (1.4%) CC, 2 (0.7%) other types of genotype. Only 46.2% and 36.8% of them respectively, correctly identified that pre-marital genotype testing and avoidance of marriage between two persons with haemoglobin S genotype as means of preventing further spread of SCD. Factors found to be significantly associated with the knowledge of respondents' genotype were; age = 15 years, respondents' mothers' educational status, being taught about SCD in school, ever seeing somebody suffering from SCD complication, losing a relative to SCD, being in senior secondary school class and knowing the cause of SCD. This study shows that majority of the respondents did not know their genotype ,and their knowledge about the cause and prevention of SCD was poor.

Exploratory data analysis such as hierarchical cluster analysis and principal component analysis were applied to water quality dataset of the Kaduna River, obtained during 3 years (2008-2010), monthly monitoring of eight key different sampling sites for 19 parameters to extract correlations and similarities between variables and to classify river sampling sites in groups of similar quality. Hierarchical cluster analysis grouped eight sampling sites into three statistically significant clusters of similar water composition. Six varifactors were obtained after varimax rotation of initial principal components using principal component analysis. These techniques gave an insight into the sources of pollution. Anthropogenic influence (municipal, industrial wastewater and agricultural run-off) was the major source of river water pollution. © 2012 CIWEM.

Aisuodionoe-Shadrach O.I.,University Of Abuja
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice | Year: 2012

Context: Data on sexual health behaviors, and the prevalence and risk factors for female sexual dysfunction (FSD) are rare, particularly from sub-Saharan Africa. Aims: This study was to briefly investigate the perceptions of a cohort of adult urban female professionals about female sexual health and sexual dysfunction awareness. Patients and Methods: Fifty female hospital staff attending an introductory seminar on FSD participated in this study by completing a 15-item questionnaire on some aspects of female sexual health. Questions asked ranged from sexual activity in the preceding 6 months, menopausal status, if they thought they had sexual dysfunction to their willingness to discuss an FSD with a sexual health physician if they had access to one. Results: Over 50% (n=28) of the respondents had an idea about what FSD was before the survey. These respondents further defined FSD as either the inability of a female to respond to sex, a lack of urge to engage in sexual activities, or inability to attain orgasm. About half of the respondents (n=21) did not know that FSD could be managed; however, 70% of them felt comfortable with discussing FSD symptoms with a sexual health practitioner.76.9% of the respondents who thought they had symptoms of FSD in this series (n=10) were willing to see a sexual health expert if they had access to one. Conclusions: This study provides a brief insight into FSD awareness amongst apparently healthy female workers of a health care facility and the need for further community-based studies on female sexual health issues in our society. Furthermore, it highlights the appropriateness of a comprehensive sexual medicine service in tertiary health care facilities in Nigeria for adequate screening and diagnosis of patients before appropriate treatment of FSD.

This study aims to look at the pattern and incidence of skin diseases seen in Dermatology/Venereology clinic at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Edo State, South-South Zone, Nigeria and compare it with other zones of Nigeria. This was a prospective study on pattern and incidence of skin diseases in new patients presenting at the Dermatology/ Venereology outpatient clinic of the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Edo State, South-South, Nigeria, from September 2006 to August 2007. All patients were seen by the researchers. Diagnosis were made clinically and sometimes with the support of histopathology. A total number of 4786 patients were seen during the study period and these comprised 2647 HIV/AIDS patients and 2112 pure Dermatological patients. Out of 4786 patients, 755 (15.8%) were new patients. The new patients comprised 96 (12.7%) children patients (< 15 years) and 659 (83.7%) adult patients (>15years). The ages of the patients ranged from 2 weeks to 80 years and more than two-third were < 40 years. There were 354 males (46.9%) and 401 females (53.1%). This represents female: male ratio of 1.1: 1. Eczematous dermatitis accounted for 20.9% of the skin diseases and was the most common of the skin diseases observed. This is consistent with observation from other zones in Nigeria. Other skin diseases observed in order of frequencies include: Papulosqamous disorder (9.0%), Infectious skin diseases like fungal, viral, bacterial and parasitic infestation, at 7.9%, 7.7%, 2.3% and 2.1% respectively. Pigmentary disorders (5.0%), hair disorders (4.2%) and Benign neoplastic skin disease (6.5%). All the patients that had neurofibromatosis were females (1.9%). HIV-related skin diseases were observed to have increased remarkably (7.9%) with Kaposi's sarcoma, papular pruritic eruptions and drug eruptions being the commonest mode of presentation. The current pattern of skin diseases in Benin City, South-South Nigeria seems to follow a similar pattern observed in other Geo-political zones in Nigeria. The eczematous dermatitis took the lead and the impact of HIV-related skin diseases were vividly noticed to be on the increase. Connective tissue disorder and cutaneous malignancies were low in their occurrences. Our findings showed no major differences in the pattern of skin diseases when compared with other zones of Nigeria. Allergic skin diseases were observed to be on the increase in all the geo-political zones; possibly due to increase in urbanization and its attending socio-economic burden.

Nnodu O.,University Of Abuja
African journal of reproductive health | Year: 2010

This study aimed to ascertain the knowledge and attitudes of urban and rural dwellers to cervical cancer and HPV in Gwagwalada Area Council of Nigeria. 400 participants aged 15-45 years were selected from Gwagwalada town and the adjourning Giri village to respond to a multi-choice-free response questionnaire designed to obtain information on respondents' biodata, knowledge of STIs, human papilloma virus and cervical cancer, health and communication resources in their communities. This was supplemented by focus group discussions among religious and tribal groups within the urban and rural communities. We found a low level of awareness about HPV and cervical cancer which majority felt could not be prevented. Although awareness of STDs was high in both urban and rural dwellers, condom use was low. The study underscores the need for a well planned and implemented health communication and education program on STIs, HPV and cervical cancer in Nigeria.

Ogwueleka T.C.,University Of Abuja
Resources, Conservation and Recycling | Year: 2013

Inadequate management of household solid waste is a serious problem in many developing cities. The study aimed to evaluate the quantities and composition of household solid waste generation in Abuja within different socioeconomic groups. The wastes from 74 households across different socioeconomic levels in Abuja were collected, weighted and classified on a daily basis for seven days in February 2012. The result showed that the average daily per capita household waste generation is 0.634 kg/capita/day. The characteristic of solid waste in Abuja are typical for the developing cities and dominated by organic waste. Households waste consisted of 63.6% organic waste, 9.7% paper, 8.7% plastics, 3.2% metal, 2.6% glass, 1.6% textile and 10.6% others (unclassified) and the bulk density was 240 kg/m3. The evaluation of relationship between income and daily per capita household waste generation showed a positive relationship. The study revealed a statistically significant difference between household size and daily per capita household waste generation in high-income group; a slight significant difference between household size and daily per capita household waste generation in medium income group and no statistically significant difference between household size and daily per capita household waste generation in low-income group. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Akaba G.O.,University Of Abuja
Nigerian journal of medicine : journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria | Year: 2013

To determine the trends, predisposing factors, maternal and fetal outcome of cases of uterine rupture managed at the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital. A retrospective review of all cases of ruptured uterus managed at the University of Abuja teaching hospital, Gwagwalada, between January 2006 and December 2010 was conducted. There were 9604 deliveries in the hospital during the period of review out of which 82 were cases ruptured uterus, giving an overall incidence of 0.85% or 1 in 117 deliveries. They were mainly women of low parity with a mean age of 31.8 years. The commonest predisposing factor was injudicious use of oxytocin occurring in 38.7% of cases and was followed closely by previous caesarean section scar (28.0%). Prolonged obstructed labour was the third commonest cause of uterine rupture (18.7%) and occurred only in the unbooked patients. There were 11 maternal deaths which gave a maternal case fatality rate of 14.7%. All the deaths occurred in women who had intrapartum care in places other than the teaching hospital. There were 68 perinatal deaths which gave a fetal case fatality rate of 90.7% and all the babies that survived were in patients that had intrapartum care in the teaching hospital. Ruptured uterus is a common obstetric emergency in Nigeria's Federal Capital territory and is associated with high maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. It is however preventable when the quality of antenatal care, intrapartum care and medical facilities are improved.

Olafadehan O.A.,University Of Abuja
Animal Feed Science and Technology | Year: 2013

Twenty-five 5-month-old Red Sokoto male goats of 7.50±0.52kg live weight (LW) were used to investigate the feeding value of Pterocarpus erinaceus (PE) and its combinations with Andropogon gayanus (AG) grass as feed to goats using completely randomized design. The treatments were five PE:AG ratios: 0:1000 (solely AG), 250:750, 500:500, 750:250 (forage combinations) (FC) and 1000:0 (solely PE). Intake of AG (199.7g/day) decreased linearly, while intake of PE (197.1g/day) and condensed tannins (CT) increased linearly (P<0.01). Intakes of dry matter (DM), organic matter (OM), acid detergent fibre (ADF) and final LW had a quadratic (P<0.01) response. Intakes of crude protein (CP), lignin(sa), neutral detergent fibre (NDF), hemicellulose, cellulose, digestible CP (DCP) and OM (DOM), and N showed both linear and quadratic trends (L:P<0.01; Q:P<0.01). Diet effects on feed conversion ratio (FCR), digestibilities of DM, OM, fibre fractions and hemicellulose, DOM and DCP (g/kg), digestible energy (DE) and metabolizable energy (ME), faecal N and N retention (as g/kg of N intake) were linear and quadratic (L:P<0.01; Q:P<0.01). Live weight gain, average daily gain (ADG), DOM intake and OM digested in the rumen (OMDR), DE and ME intake, and microbial protein synthesis (MPS) were linearly and quadratically affected by diets (L:P<0.05; Q:P<0.01). Digestible CP (g/kg W0.75) had linear and cubic (P<0.01) trends. Diets had both linear and cubic effects on urinary N (P<0.01) and linear, quadratic and cubic effects on total N excretion (P<0.01). Treatment effects on digestibility of CP, N balance and retention (as g/kg of N absorbed) (L:P<0.01; Q:P<0.01; C:P<0.01) and N absorbed (L:P<0.01; Q:P<0.01; C:P<0.05) were significant. Dry matter, nutrient and CT intakes, growth performance, FCR, digestibility, nutritive value, intakes of digestible nutrients and energy, N intake, excretion, absorption, balance and retention, and MPS were higher (P<0.01) in FC compared to single forages (SF). Intakes (g/kg W0.75) of CP, NDF, lignin(sa), hemicellulose, cellulose, CT and DCP (P<0.01), and intakes of DOM, energy and N (g/day) (P<0.05) were higher for PE than for AG. Pterocarpus increased ADG, FCR, digestibilities of DM, CP, OM, cellulose and hemicellulose, nutritive value, and N excretion, absorption, balance and retention more than AG (P<0.01). Digestibilities of fibre fractions, OMDR and MPS were higher (P<0.05) for PE than for AG. It is concluded that maximum nutritional benefits of PE can be achieved if used as supplement up to 750g/kg DM rather than as a sole feed, and the sole PE is better than sole AG. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

There seems to be little literature about the toxicity of the widely used garlic, which makes it important to investigate chemical elements as well as chemical compounds that could be present in garlic bulbs and their safety for human handlers and consumers. Phytochemical screening and elemental analysis of powdered bulb of Allium sativum L. and toxicological effects of its aqueous extract were investigated in experimental rabbits. Acute toxicity study was conducted following subcutaneous administration of graded doses of the plant extract in experimental rabbits. LD 50 was found to be 3034 mg/kg and maximum tolerated dose was 2200 mg/kg. Mortality occurred in rabbits given the extract at 3200 and 4200 mg/kg with other behavioural signs like loss of appetite and partial paralysis. The percentage yield of the extract was 75.8%. Elemental analysis indicated that the powdered plant material contained mainly potassium, phosphorus and iron among other elements. While the phytochemical screening revealed presence of the following chemical compounds: saponins, steroids, tannins, carbohydrates and cardiac glycosides, whereas, alkaloids, cadenolide, flavonoid, anthraquinone and cyanogenic glycosides were found absent. © 2010 Academic Journals.

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