Sanchez S.,University NacionaldelComahue |
Vera B.,University NacionaldelComahue |
Montagna C.,University NacionaldelComahue |
Montagna C.,National University of Comahue |
Magnarelli G.,University NacionaldelComahue
Toxicology Reports | Year: 2015
Although non-innervated, the placenta contains both cholinesterases (ChEs), butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) and acetylcholinesterase (AChE). These enzymes are well-known for their multiple molecular forms. In a first approach, we used recognized specific inhibitors, substrate preferences and non-denaturating gel electrophoresis in order to characterize the ChE profile of term placenta from uncomplicated pregnancy. Results strongly suggest that the predominant cholinesterasic form present was tetrameric BChE.It is well established that both ChEs are targets of cholinesterase-inhibiting organophosphates (OP), one of the most important classes of chemicals actively applied to the environment. However, we have previously reported increased ChEs activity in placenta of rural residents exposed to OP. In the present work, we have studied: 1) whether this finding was reproducible and, 2) whether AChE or BChE up regulation is behind the increase of placental ChE activity. The population studied included forty healthy women who live in an agricultural area. Samples were collected during both the OP pulverization period (PP) and the recess period (RP). The placental ChEs activity increased in PP, evidencing reproducibility of previous results. The analysis of non-denaturating gels revealed that increased activity of total ChE activity in placenta from women exposed to OP may be attributable to tetrameric BChE up-regulation. © 2014 The Authors.