Szroeder P.,University Mikolaja Kopernika Grudziadzka 5 |
Tsierkezos N.G.,TU Ilmenau |
Walczyk M.,Nicolaus Copernicus University |
Strupinski W.,Instytut Technologii Materialow Elektronicznych |
And 5 more authors.
Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry | Year: 2014
Electrocatalytic activity of graphene grown epitaxially on SiC is studied using cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. AFM images show step-like topography of SiC-graphene. For ferri-/ferrocyanide redox couple, no voltammetric response is observed at the pristine graphene. Basal planes of graphite are electrochemically inactive as well. After electrochemical oxidation, apparent redox peaks appear at both the graphene and graphite electrode. However, more intensive redox peaks are observed at graphene, where simultaneous redox reaction with the adsorbed and the diffused ferri-/ferrocyanide ions occurs. Electrochemical impedance measurements show that the graphene electrode behaves like an array of microelectrodes. We used the partially blocked electrode model to fit impedance data. Using the fitting parameters, a size of microelectrodes was found to be 23.8±2.1 μm and the active surface of graphene was estimated to be 21 %. A value of the standard electron transfer rate constant found for the anodized epitaxial graphene (2.16±0.32)×10-3cm·s-1) is by one order of magnitude lower than the standard rate constant estimated for the anodized graphite basal planes (∼5×10-2cm·s -1). Electrochemical reduction causes total disappearance of electrochemical responses at the graphene electrode, whereas only slight decrease of the peak currents is observed at the reduced graphene. Such behavior proves that different activation mechanisms occur at the graphene and graphite electrodes. © 2014 The Author(s).