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Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN | Award Amount: 3.91M | Year: 2014

Static and dynamic wetting of solid surfaces by liquids is a focus of numerous theoretical, computational and experimental investigations. Most of the research and training activities are focused on the wetting of simple solids by one-component liquids. However, a wide variety of industrial processes mostly include wetting/spreading of complex multiphase liquids over heterogeneous, structured or (nano)porous solids. The latter include deposition of active substances from foams and nanoemulsions on human hair and skin and deposition of functional nanoparticles on textile fibers and flexible polymer films. The mechanisms of those complex fluid-solid processes are to be understood. The development and optimization of the industrial processes and products is based on purely empirical trial and error methods. CoWet supra-disciplinary project is aimed at bridging the gap between the industrially relevant processes involving the complex fluid-solid processes, from one side, and the high resolution experiment, as well as physically sound modelling and direct computer simulations, from the other side. The high-resolution, high-speed experimental techniques, including confocal microscopy, atomic force microscopy and fluorescent correlation spectroscopy, will be used to reveal the nano- and microscopic phenomena governing the complex fluid-solid interactions in the course of wetting/spreading processes of complex liquids over complex substrates. The modern computational and modelling techniques will help to reveal, predict and optimize the industry-relevant processes. The young researchers will be trained to study the systems of practical importance rather than focusing on model systems only. They learn the cutting edge scientific methodology and application technology from an industrial perspective. CoWet fellows will form a powerful network of experts which will eventually result in ground-breaking development of new complex fluid-solid technological processes.


Warda M.,University Marii Curie Sklodowskiej | Egido J.L.,Autonomous University of Madrid
Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics | Year: 2012

A systematic study of 160 heavy and superheavy nuclei is performed in the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) approach with the finite-range and density-dependent Gogny force with the D1S parameter set. We show calculations in several approximations: with axially symmetric and reflection-symmetric wave functions, with axially symmetric and non-reflection-symmetric wave functions, and finally with some representative triaxial wave functions. Relevant properties of the ground state and along the fission path are thoroughly analyzed. Fission barriers, Q α factors, and lifetimes with respect to fission and α decay as well as other observables are discussed. Larger configuration spaces and more general HFB wave functions as compared to previous studies provide a very good agreement with the experimental data. © 2012 American Physical Society.


Warda M.,University Marii Curie Sklodowskiej | Robledo L.M.,Autonomous University of Madrid
Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics | Year: 2011

Cluster radioactivity is the emission of a fragment heavier than an α particle and lighter than mass 50. The range of clusters observed in experiments goes from 14C to 32Si while the heavy mass residue is always a nucleus in the neighborhood of the doubly-magic 208Pb nucleus. Cluster radioactivity is described in this paper as very asymmetric nuclear fission. A new fission valley leading to a decay with large fragment mass asymmetry matching the cluster radioactivity products is found. The mass octupole moment is found to be more convenient than the standard quadrupole moment as the parameter driving the system to fission. The mean-field Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov theory with the phenomenological Gogny interaction has been used to compute the cluster emission properties of a wide range of even-even actinide nuclei from 222Ra to 242Cm, where emission of the clusters has been experimentally observed. Computed half-lives for cluster emission are compared with experimental results. The noticeable agreement obtained between the predicted properties of cluster emission (namely, cluster masses and emission half-lives) and the measured data confirms the validity of the proposed methodology in the analysis of the phenomenon of cluster radioactivity. A continuous fission path through the scission point has been described using the neck parameter constraint. © 2011 American Physical Society.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-IRSES | Award Amount: 319.20K | Year: 2014

The primary goal of the Joint Exchange Program (Project) is to create multicomponent materials for biomedical applications and to combine knowledge and experience of the different scientific groups concerning interdisciplinary milestones of the proposal in order to deliver the final product. In the framework of the Project the following materials: porous and nonporous silica oxides, nanostructured carbons, 3D reinforced polymers, metal containing composites and interpenetrating polymer networks, are scheduled to develop biocompatible/bioactive nanostructured materials. According to the programme, the research is focused on: surface modification and interfacial phenomena, structure-property relations, novel biocompatible/bioactive coatings for blood contacting surfaces, (entero)sorbents (for pollutants and (bio)toxins removal), and drug delivery system development. The partners panel is composed in regards to the Project goals and potential contributions. The consortium includes six partners, three of them are universities from Member States (P1-P3), and the Institute of Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova (P4) is representing the Associated States. The Third Country Participants are presented by Partner 5, which comprised of teams from the Russian Academy of Sciences; and Partner 6 is the Chuiko Institute of Surface Chemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. This project will reinforce and strengthen existing bilateral scientific links and transforms them into a larger network which includes all the partners. It will provide momentum for long-term collaboration between the partners. Its results will lay foundation for other actions, aimed at further development and consolidation of the European Research Area and large scale competitive research projects. Additionally, this Project will provide relevant training for the early stage researchers from all teams.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-ITN | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN | Award Amount: 3.09M | Year: 2013

The project is located in the field of optical fibre sensors - an area where Europe has developed internationally competitive research and commercial activity. The aim is to significantly extend the range of application of optical fibre grating sensors by developing a mature version of the technology in polymer optical fibres and thereby increase European competitiveness. Polymer fibres offer some key advantages over silica, the two most important perhaps being the ability to sense much higher strains and the considerably reduced stiffness of the plastic compared to the glass fibre. Polymers are however complex materials and the properties of a sensor in this material are dependent on all stages of the sensor fabrication process, from initial preform production, through fibre drawing to grating fabrication. In TRIPOD we have brought together an interdisciplinary scientific team with expertise covering all aspects of the sensor fabrication path to enable us to obtain a full understanding of the process, with the aim of enabling us to produce optimised grating sensors, efficiently, repeatably and reliably. Integral to the programme are end-user companies who will provide direction on sensor development and training to the researchers on business issues, as well as familiarising themselves with the new technology, enabling them to expand their business models. In addition, we include technology innovators to open up further applications and potential markets.

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