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Kota Samarahan, Malaysia

Universiti Malaysia Sarawak or UNIMAS was officially incorporated on 24 December 1992. UNIMAS is Malaysia's eighth University, established just after the declaration of Vision 2020. Recently, UNIMAS has been ranked at 165th in Asian University Rankings 2011 by QS World University Rankings.The University took in its first students numbering 118 in 1993 with the opening of the Faculty of Social science and Faculty of Resource Science and Technology. These students were temporarily located at Kolej Latihan Telekom, Simpang Tiga, Kuching until in 1994 the University moved to its East Campus in Kota Samarahan, Sarawak. The University’s East Campus at Kota Samarahan was officially launched by the Prime Minister, YAB Dato’Seri Dr. Mahathir Mohamad on Independence Day, 31 August 1993.At present, the University consists of eight Faculties, three Institutes and seven Centres.UNIMAS was awarded MS ISO 9001: 2008 quality certificate by SIRIM QAS International Sdn. Bhd. and IQNet on 13 May 2010 for its core management process at Undergraduate Studies Division and Centre for Academic Information Services .UNIMAS has implemented and maintains an Information Security Management System which fulfills the requirement of ISO/IEC 27001:2005 and MS ISO/IEC 27001:2007 standards. The scope covers the areas for the management of UNIMAS Data Centre covering equipment, system software, database and operating systems for the university's critical applications. The certification was issued to UNIMAS on 27 September 2013.An international competition was held for the masterplan design of the West Campus. The winning design was by Peter Verity the international architect, who after detailed environmental analysis chose the site for the West Campus. The objective of the plan was to create an environmentally sustainable urban campus which, in the manner of Louvain-la-Neuve, would form the centre of a significant university new town. The interface between the fresh water and saltwater systems of the site are expected to give the opportunity to create a biodiversity of considerable richnessThe opening of the new West Campus by Prime Minister Datuk Seri Abdullah Haji Ahmad Badawi on 18 April 2006 was witnessed by 10,000 students, staff and members of the public. The event was also broadcast live over RTM1. Wikipedia.

Shah A.A.,University Malaysia Sarawak | Shah A.A.,University of Brunei Darussalam
International Journal of Earth Sciences | Year: 2015

The Kashmir Basin Fault is located in the Jammu and Kashmir region of Kashmir Basin in NW Himalaya, India. It is a classic example of an out-of-sequence thrust faulting and is tectonically active as observed from multiple geological evidences. Its geomorphology, structure and lateral extent indicate significant accommodation of stress since long, which is further supported by the absence of a large earthquake in this region. It seems this fault is actively accommodating some portion of the total India–Eurasia convergence, apart from two well-recognised active structures the Medlicott–Wadia Thrust and the Main Frontal Thrust, which are referred in Vassallo et al. (Earth Planet Sci Lett 411:241–252, 2015). This requires its quantification and inclusion into slip distribution scheme of NW Himalaya. Therefore, it should be explored extensively because this internal out-of-sequence thrust could serve major seismic hazard in KB, repeating a situation similar to Muzaffarabad earthquake of Northern Pakistan in 2005. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Singh B.,University Malaysia Sarawak
The Medical journal of Malaysia | Year: 2010

Plasmodium knowlesi, a simian malaria parasite, is now recognised as the fifth cause of human malaria and can lead to fatal infections in humans. Knowlesi malaria cases are widely distributed in East and West Malaysia and account for more than 50% of admissions for malaria in certain hospitals in the state of Sarawak. This paper will begin with a description of the early studies on P. knowlesi, followed by a review of the epidemiology, diagnosis, clinical and laboratory features, and treatment of knowlesi malaria.

Singh B.,University Malaysia Sarawak | Daneshvar C.,University of Oxford
Clinical Microbiology Reviews | Year: 2013

Plasmodium knowlesi is a malaria parasite that is found in nature in long-tailed and pig-tailed macaques. Naturally acquired human infections were thought to be extremely rare until a large focus of human infections was reported in 2004 in Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo. Human infections have since been described throughout Southeast Asia, and P. knowlesi is now recognized as the fifth species of Plasmo-dium causing malaria in humans. The molecular, entomological, and epidemiological data indicate that human infections with P. knowlesi are not newly emergent and that knowlesi malaria is primarily a zoo-nosis. Human infections were undiagnosed until molecular detection methods that could distinguish P. knowlesi from the morphologically similar human malaria parasite P. malariae became available. P. knowlesi infections cause a spectrum of disease and are potentially fatal, but if detected early enough, infections in humans are readily treatable. In this review on knowlesi malaria, we describe the early studies on P. knowlesi and focus on the epidemiology, diagnosis, clinical aspects, and treatment of knowlesi malaria. We also discuss the gaps in our knowledge and the challenges that lie ahead in studying the epidemiology and pathogenesis of knowlesi malaria and in the prevention and control of this zoonotic infection. © 2013, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

Lim W.K.,University Malaysia Sarawak
BMC Medical Education | Year: 2012

Background: Problem-based learning (PBL) has become the most significant innovation in medical education of the past 40 years. In contrast to exam-centered, lecture-based conventional curricula, PBL is a comprehensive curricular strategy that fosters student-centred learning and the skills desired in physicians. The rapid spread of PBL has produced many variants. One of the most common is 'hybrid PBL' where conventional teaching methods are implemented alongside PBL. This paper contends that the mixing of these two opposing educational philosophies can undermine PBL and nullify its positive benefits. Schools using hybrid PBL and lacking medical education expertise may end up with a dysfunctional curriculum worse off than the traditional approach. Discussion. For hybrid PBL schools with a dysfunctional curriculum, standard PBL is a cost-feasible option that confers the benefits of the PBL approach. This paper describes the signs of a dysfunctional PBL curriculum to aid hybrid PBL schools in recognising curricular breakdown. Next it discusses alternative curricular strategies and costs associated with PBL. It then details the four critical factors for successful conversion to standard PBL: dealing with staff resistance, understanding the role of lectures, adequate time for preparation and support from the administrative leadership. Summary. Hybrid PBL curricula without oversight by staff with medical education expertise can degenerate into dysfunctional curricula inferior even to the traditional approach from which PBL emerged. Such schools should inspect their curriculum periodically for signs of dysfunction to enable timely corrective action. A decision to convert fully to standard PBL is cost feasible but will require time, expertise and commitment which is only sustainable with supportive leadership. © 2012 Lim; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Cox-Singh J.,St Georges, University of London | Cox-Singh J.,University Malaysia Sarawak
Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases | Year: 2012

Purpose of Review: The emergence of Plasmodium knowlesi, a parasite of Southeast Asian macaques, into the human population is ongoing and widespread across Southeast Asia. Humans entering P. knowlesi transmission areas are at risk. Patients present with uncomplicated, complicated and fatal disease, therefore prompt accurate diagnosis and treatment are essential. This review focuses on recent descriptions of asymptomatic and symptomatic infections in children, pathophysiology in adults, treatment and diagnosis, and highlights the importance of monitoring transmission and host-switch events. Recent Findings: New reports on P. knowlesi infections identify regional differences in aetiology and vector species. Parasitaemia is associated with disease severity and specific diagnostic tools are required. Treatment failures have not been reported. The severe form of P. knowlesi malaria can be compared with severe falciparum malaria to inform the pathophysiology of both infections. Summary: P. knowlesi presents new challenges to malaria-control efforts in Southeast Asia. Sensitive and specific diagnostic tools are required for communities and travellers at risk. Currently P. knowlesi transmission appears to occur away from human settlements. However, ongoing host-switch events from macaques to humans cannot be excluded. Changes in P. knowlesi transmission across the region should be monitored to preempt outbreaks of this virulent pathogen. © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

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