University Lumiere Lyon 2
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Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FOF-11-2016 | Award Amount: 7.76M | Year: 2016

The primary outcomes of vf-OS are an: - Open Operating System (vf-OS) and Software Development Kit (OAK) for Factories of the Future that aims to be the reference system software for collaborative manufacturing and logistics processes including its associated resources and data - Open vf-OS Platform, including a Multi-sided application marketplace and development studio, that aims to become the Apps Store for Manufacturing industry The multi-sided marketplace will allow Manufacturing Users, Manufacturing Resource providers, Service Providers and Software Developers to cooperate and demand, build, select, and use vf-OS applications with the vf-OS exploiters, like classical App stores, having a business model based on taking a share of purchases of applications and services from the platform. vf-OS is composed of a Virtual Factory System Kernel (vf-SK), a Virtual Factory Application Programming Interface (vf-API) and a Virtual Factory Middleware (vf-MW) for interoperable and secure collaboration among supply networks, enterprises, machines, data and objects. The Virtual Factory Platform (vf-P) will be a infrastructure, either in-cloud or on-premise, that supports the Manufacturing Apps Store and Virtual Machines. vf-OS especially addresses SMEs by providing a full functionality at affordable cost and with Cloud availability. The Manufacturing Apps will be developed with an Open Applications Development Kit (vf-OAK), freely provided to software developers, for rapid and cost effective deployment of advanced industrial applications running over vf-OS, allowing fast time-to-market and world-wide base industrial clients.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: FoF.NMP.2013-5 | Award Amount: 6.23M | Year: 2013

A (Meta-) product is now a customer driven customisable entity that integrates sensory/computing units, which are in turn connected to the cloud, leading to a paradigm shift from mass production to intelligent, over-the-web configurable products. Product design and production is however becoming highly complex and requires interdisciplinary expertise. The goal of EASY is to develop new methodologies, tools and ready-to-use components for designing and producing intelligent wearable products as Meta-Products. We propose a Cloud Computing enabled framework for the Collaborative Design and Development of Personalised Products/Services, combining embedded sensors and mobile devices with facilities for joint open development of enabling downloadable applications. The Meta-Products consist of intelligent wearables (clothing, footwear, accessories) equipped with embedded networks of sensors. Sensorial data will be communicated to smart phones via Bluetooth or Wifi. The required functionality will be configured by the end-users; the design, selection of components, sourcing of materials and sensors, virtual prototyping, as well as production planning and services integration is a collaborative process of all involved companies, designers, sensor producers, software developers and application experts. This infrastructure will enable all interested 3rd parties to offer new services to smart phone and EASY wearable users, resulting to an open platform of literally infinite applications in many target market. The EASY approach will be validated in three different industrial scenarios, i.e. rehabilitation, sport and games. The EASY-Consortium integrates competences on production methodology, system design and modeling, product lifecycle management, simulation and virtual reality, intelligent sensors, mobile-cloud systems, intelligent cloth design and production.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: FI.ICT-2011.1.8 | Award Amount: 17.96M | Year: 2013

According to the 2010 EC Competitiveness Report, Manufacturing is still the driving force of Europes economy, contributing over 6553 billion in GDP and providing more than 30 million jobs. It covers more than 25 different industrial sectors, largely dominated by SMEs, and generates annually over 1535 billion (42%) worth of value added services.\nThe mission of the FITMAN (Future Internet Technologies for MANufacturing industries) project is to provide the FI PPP with a set of industry-led use case trials in the Smart, Digital and Virtual Factories of the Future domains, in order to test and assess the suitability, openness and flexibility of FI-WARE Generic Enablers, this way contributing to the social-technological-economical-environmental-political sustainability of EU Manufacturing Industries.\nIn order to accomplish the mission statement, the FITMAN project will deliver:\n One FITMAN Generic Platform for Manufacturing Industries, as a collection of several Generic Enablers Implementations belonging to most of the identified technological Chapters of FI-WARE project;\n One generic and flexible Trials Verification and Validation Framework, encompassing concepts, methods and tools for a technical and business assessment of the eleven Trials\n One open-to-all FITMAN Phase III Package, to support FI-WARE PPP Phase III objective 1.8, Expansion of Use Cases, by providing access to FITMAN Reports and Prototypes for Phase III preparation and implementation\n Three FITMAN Specific Platforms for Smart, Digital and Virtual Factories, as a collection of several Specific Enablers Implementations belonging to the background of FITMAN beneficiaries and specifically derived from previous RTD projects in the Factories of the Future and Future Internet Enterprise Systems research\n Eleven FITMAN Trials Platforms as instantiation of the selected Generic and Specific Enablers for 11 industry-driven multi-sectorial Trials\n Eleven FITMAN Trial Experimentations by deploying the FITMAN Trials Platforms in realistic Smart-Digital-Virtual Factories IT and business cases, as well as assess and evaluate the achieved results:\ni. Smart Factories Trials: TRW (LE) automotive supplier Safe & Healthy Workplace, PIACENZA (SME) textile/clothing Cloud Manufacturing, COMPLUS (SME) LED smart lighting Collaborative Production, WHIRLPOOL (LE) white goods manufacturer Mobile workforce.\nii. Digital Factories Trials: VOLKSWAGEN (LE) automotive manufacturer PLM ramp-up for reduced Time to Market , AGUSTAWESTLAND (LE) aeronautics manufacturer Training services for blue collar workers, CONSULGAL (SME) construction As-designed vs. As-built Interoperability, AIDIMA (SME) furniture Mass Customised Production.\niii. Virtual Factories Trials: APR (SME) plastic industry Collaboration valorisation, TANet (SME) manufacturing resource management Networked Business Innovation, GEOLOC (SME) Machinery for wood industry Project-based Collaboration.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2007.9.1 | Award Amount: 798.55K | Year: 2008

MEDAR addresses International Cooperation with the Arabic region on Speech and Language Technologies. MEDAR is structured around 3 pillars, 4 main objectives, and a number of instruments.\n\nThe 3 pillars are 1) producing a knowledge base on Human Language Technology (HLT) players, existing language resources (LRs) and processing tools, activities and products for Arabic, 2) designing a strong cooperation roadmap between EU and Arabic countries, within the Arabic countries, and between academia and industry and 3) focusing on Machine Translation (MT) and Multilingual Information Retrieval (MLIR) for which required technology components, LRs, benchmarking methodologies will be identified.\n\nThe 4 objectives are 1) consolidating a network of players in all areas of HLT, 2) developing the Cooperation Roadmap based on a clear picture of the foreseeable technological trends, market potentials, and cooperation possibilities, 3) Updating the Basic Language Resource Kit: the minimum set of resources and tools necessary for carrying out research and training on LRs and HLT, with a focus on MT and MLIR and 4) Supporting the development of tools and resources, in particular MT and MLIR on the basis of partners technologies and open source code (e.g. Statistical MT, MLIR, and speech recognition) and the framework for their benchmarking.\n\nA variety of instruments will be used to achieve the objectives: Surveys will be conducted as well as market analysis. Partners background will be exploited to identify the best multilingual open-source tools to customize to Arabic. Expertise on evaluation within the consortium will create the right benchmarking framework. Key achievements will be highlighted for each strategic partnership in addition to the actions to be taken. Human resources will be at the heart of our recommendations. Information will be disseminated through e.g. website and e-newsletter, and a major conference on LRs, tools, and Evaluation for Arabic.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: ERC-AG | Phase: ERC-AG-SH6 | Award Amount: 2.50M | Year: 2014

Rome was connected to its Mediterranean provinces by commercial routes articulated through networks of ports acting as poly-functional nodes. Ships, people and goods moved along these, drawing the micro-regions of the Mediterranean into closer economic and commercial relationships with the City. Central to the success of these networks were the major ports through which were channelled major commercial flows moving between Rome and its maritime hub at Portus, and its Mediterranean provinces, and their relationships to lesser regional and anchorages. All of them can be described in terms of loosely configured port-systems that ensured the movement of ships and their cargoes around the Mediterranean. Some of these, particularly in the eastern Mediterranean, can be traced back to the Hellenistic or earlier periods. ROMP will address specific questions relating to the capacities of and inter-connections between a range of 30 ports in ways that will allow us to better understand their role in helping ensure the cohesion and integrity of the Roman Mediterranean during the imperial era. These concern (1) the layout of Roman ports, (2) the organization of commercial activity focused at them, (3) hierarchies of ports, and (4) pan-Mediterranean commercial and social connections between ports. In addressing them, the project will apply suites of existing techniques in archaeology, ancient history and palaeo-environmental studies to a range of ports. It is an approach that builds upon the PIs belief in the value of integrating archaeological techniques and historical approaches to the study of the past, and the interpretation of individual port sites within a broader Mediterranean context. In so doing, the project moves beyond the state of the art in port studies, and raises issues that are key to better understanding the unprecedented degree of economic, social and political convergence that was achieved by the Roman empire during the imperial era.

Guille A.,University Lumiere Lyon 2 | Hacid H.,Bell Labs France
WWW'12 - Proceedings of the 21st Annual Conference on World Wide Web Companion | Year: 2012

Today, online social networks have become powerful tools for the spread of information. They facilitate the rapid and large-scale propagation of content and the consequences of an information - whether it is favorable or not to someone, false or true - can then take considerable proportions. Therefore it is essential to provide means to analyze the phenomenon of information dissemination in such networks. Many recent studies have addressed the modeling of the process of information diffusion, from a topological point of view and in a theoretical perspective, but we still know little about the factors involved in it. With the assumption that the dynamics of the spreading process at the macroscopic level is explained by interactions at microscopic level between pairs of users and the topology of their interconnections, we propose a practical solution which aims to predict the temporal dynamics of diffusion in social networks. Our approach is based on machine learning techniques and the inference of time-dependent diffusion probabilities from a multidimensional analysis of individual behaviors. Experimental results on a real dataset extracted from Twitter show the interest and effectiveness of the proposed approach as well as interesting recommendations for future investigation. Copyright is held by the International World Wide Web Conference Committee (IW3C2).

This study presents the upstream-downstream complexity of the Rhone, which earlier was a braided river. The fluvial patterns of the Rhône ca. 1860-70 are discussed, i.e. at the end of the Little Ice Age, which was also the beginning of the period of river dredging for improving navigation in the channel (1840-1930) and before the development of a chain of hydroelectric dams (1892-1986) on the river. Flowing across Switzerland and France to the Camargue delta on the Mediterranean, the Rhône drains the western part of the Alps in Europe. Befitting a large river flowing from the mountains, the Rhône was braided along most of its course, due to large quantities of coarse sediments formerly contributed by tributaries from the Alps, Jura Mountains, and Massif Central. The paper begins with a summary of palaeo-environmental studies on the Rhône, which show that the river experienced several events of fluvial metamorphosis during the Holocene. The reaches, which were braided during the late 19th century, alternated between meandering and braided patterns during this period due to the high sensitivity of the channel pattern to external variables such as changing water and sediment discharges. A discussion on the methods used to describe different aspects of the braided pattern of the Rhône from 1860 to 1870, using large-scale maps follows. Discrete reaches on the river are identified using slope, downstream variations of discharge, and stream power. These can be attributed to three factors: the tributaries (large supplies of bed load are brought by the Arve, the Ain, the Drôme, the Ardèche and the Durance rivers), Quaternary tectonics, and the along-channel distance from tributary confluences. Finally, the study assesses the pre-modern conditions of the Rhône for restoring selected reaches on the modern river. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

An increasing number of studies dealing with democratic transitions in Eastern Europe, especially those dedicated to aspects of social capital and political culture, stress their comparative component. The newly democratic countries in this region, used as unit of analysis, are often treated as being monolithic blocks. Even though they are not as homogeneous as they appear, their regional diversity does not pass through the lenses of the majority of those comparative studies. Furthermore, the studies usually do not include considerations on social mobilization or social movements and their relationship to the regime change. The purpose of this article is, therefore, to analyze the impact of historical legacies on differences of social mobilization in post-communist Romania. Following reports on regional discrepancies-mainly concerning ethnic composition, distribution of indicators of social capital and political participation-this paper focuses on patterns of social mobilization in two regions, with a common communist, but a divergent pre-communist history-Transylvania, part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the rest of the country, part of the Ottoman Empire. Using two different time-series, monitoring protest activities throughout the two regions, we found relevant proof of dissimilar protest behavior within Romania. © 2015, Erdkunde. All rights reserved.

Hachicha M.,University Lumiere Lyon 2 | Darmont J.,University Lumiere Lyon 2
IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering | Year: 2013

With XML becoming a ubiquitous language for data interoperability purposes in various domains, efficiently querying XML data is a critical issue. This has lead to the design of algebraic frameworks based on tree-shaped patterns akin to the tree-structured data model of XML. Tree patterns are graphic representations of queries over data trees. They are actually matched against an input data tree to answer a query. Since the turn of the 21st century, an astounding research effort has been focusing on tree pattern models and matching optimization (a primordial issue). This paper is a comprehensive survey of these topics, in which we outline and compare the various features of tree patterns. We also review and discuss the two main families of approaches for optimizing tree pattern matching, namely pattern tree minimization and holistic matching. We finally present actual tree pattern-based developments, to provide a global overview of this significant research topic. © 1989-2012 IEEE.

Pakendorf B.,University Lumiere Lyon 2
Current Opinion in Genetics and Development | Year: 2014

The evolution of languages shares certain characteristics with that of genes, such as the predominantly vertical line of transmission and the retention of traces of past events such as contact. Thus, studies of language phylogenies and their correlations with genetic phylogenies can enrich our understanding of human prehistory, while insights gained from genetic studies of past population contact can help shed light on the processes underlying language contact and change. As demonstrated by recent research, these evolutionary processes are more complex than simple models of gene-language coevolution predict, with linguistic boundaries only occasionally functioning as barriers to gene flow. More frequently, admixture takes place irrespective of linguistic differences, but with a detectable impact of contact-induced changes in the languages concerned. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

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