Katowice, Poland
Katowice, Poland

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Objectives: The aim of the paper is to evaluate effectiveness of Gestalt therapy in the area of emotion regulation. Affective processes and regulation of emotion play an important part in the aetiology and clinical description of neurotic/anxiety disorder. When people who suffer this type of disorder face a negative experience they often use disadvantageous strategies, such as compulsive activities or avoidance. One of the meaningful aims of Gestalt therapy is to change that negative patterns of reaction, therefore the evaluation of its effects reinforces critical thinking about the therapy effectiveness. Method: 21 participants of Gestalt therapy groups were subjects of the research. The control group contained the same amount of people. Three questionnaires were used to assess strategies of emotion regulation: the Courtauld Emotional Control Scale (CECS) by Watson and Greer, the Anger Expression Scale (SEG) by Ogihska-Bulik and Juczynski and the Questionnaire of Emotion Regulation Adequacy (KARE) by Janowski in which the subjects had to indicate strategies that they would probably use in emotional situations and those that they assessed as being the most profitable. Questionnaire answers were collected on the beginning of Gestalt therapy and three months later. Results: The results have shown some expected changes within the declared reactions, but the significant modification of most optimal answers has not been noticed. Conclusions: Short-lasting positive effects of Gestalt therapy in the field of emotion regulation were confirmed.


Rozkowski J.,University laski | Grabala D.,University laski | Polonius A.,P.P.H.U. GEOBUD Sp. Z O.o.
Przeglad Geologiczny | Year: 2015

The article presents World Karst Aquifer Mapping Project (WOKAM). The goal of this project, implemented in 2012-2015, is to establish the first karst aquifer world map, presenting karst aquifers, most important water intakes, karst springs and caves. Selection criteria of the karstic objects were discussed in the paper. Database, created on their basis covering the area of Poland, includes: 17 water intakes (extracting mainly from the Triassic carbonate aquifer of Silesian - Kraków monocline), 7 springs (including 5 vaucluses from Tatra Mountains), 23 caves (located mainly in Western Tatra Mountains and in Kraków - Wieluń Upland). There is a probability of location of individual hydrogeological objects from Poland on the world karst aquifer map considering the importance of the region.


A review, with 98 refs., of acidic, alk. and mixed initiator systems used in anionic polymerization for controlling the microstructure of butadiene and isoprene homopolymers (butadiene and isoprene rubbers) and copolymers with styrene (styrene-butadiene and styrene-isoprene rubbers).


The Mala Cave in Mulowa has been explored to a depth of 555 m at the beginning of the 21th century. It makes a good opportunity to review the knowledge on the geological structure of the Ciemniak Massif. The geological research was performed in two main conduits of the cave. The Mala Cave in Mulowa developed in Lower and Middle Triassic carbonates belonging to the Zdziary Unit (CzerwoneWierchy Nappe - part of the High-Tatric Allochthon), as well as in marly shales of the Zabijak Formation and limestones of the Wysoka Turnia Limestone Formation belonging to the High-Tatric Autochthon. The cave is the second outcrop of the lower limb of the main syncline of the Zdziary Unit. It follows that the Zdziary Unit in the Ciemniak area is represented by a recumbent, open syncline with completely preserved both limbs. This syncline is open northtoward . The fold axes are subhorizontal and the axis surface is inclined ̃37o N. From a depth of 300 m (below the entrance), the cave was formed at the contact of Cretaceous rocks belonging to the autochthonous cover and Triassic rocks of the Zdziary Unit. Copyright © 2014 Panstwowy Instytut Geologiczny - PIB.


The presented list contains 110 taxa (from 860 localities) of rare and threatened vascular plants found in the Rudawy Janowickie Mountains (western part of the Sudetes, SW Poland) between 2005 and 2014.


This paper describes environmental conditions, floristic structure, and occurrence of plant communities from Isoëto-Nanojuncetea (Eleocharito ovatae-Caricetum bohemicae, Cyperus fuscus-Limosella aquatica) and Bidentetea tripartiti (Bidenti-Polygonetum hydropiperis) classes, in which therophytes are dominating.


Halabowski D.,University laski | Blonska A.,University laski
Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica Polonica | Year: 2015

Liparis loeselii is a rare plant species. The new locality of this orchid was found in June 2014 in Myszków (the Upper Warta Lowering, Woźnicko-Wieluńska Upland), ATPOL grid square DF 05. L. loeselii grows here in the mire vegetation. The individuals of L. loeselii were found in Menyanthes trifoliata and Eleocharis quinqueflora patches. The water supply of the studied patches with L. loeselii is characterized in Table 1.


The paper presents data on the distribution in the Polish part as well as habitat conditions and phytocoenotical scale of species from the Carex atrata complex in the Polish part of Karkonosze Mts (the Giant Mts). Localities of Carex atrata and C. aterrima are situated mainly in glacial cirques, where they grow in different high mountain plant communities of the Montio-Cardaminetea, Mulgedio-Aconitetea, Elyno-Seslerietea, and Juncetea trifidi classes. Since the two Carex species are closely related, main differences in their morphology are described.


Along with the recent establishment of the Section of History of Geological Sciences at the Polish Geological Society, attention to the need to worldwide promote the achievements of Polish geologists through publications in English in international journals is highlighted. A prerequisite to this, however, is an in-depth recognition of our achievements in the area of Earth Sciences, particularly from the period of the Enlightenment. In the context, geological notions of Hugo Kołłątaj (1750-1812), well known only as a progressive Enlightenment statesman and Catholic writer, are briefly presented. When he stayed in the Olomouc prison after the Kos̈ciuszko insurrection, he wrote a comprehensive treatise on the natural principles of early history of the mankind in the years 1795-1802, continued until 1809, introductorily scoped on the geological history. Unfortunately, this monumental work, as a three-volume book, was issued in Polish only in 1842. Tins overlooked dissertation, full of innovative thoughts toward a persistent investigation the principles of Nature step by step in her contemporary action, and extensively considered them in reference to permanent physical laws. The original methodological hypothesis stimulated his imagination of Earth history in the context of natural interpretation of the Biblical Deluge, even if the analytical-empiric approach was in some matters a continuation of thoughts of the eminent French naturalist, Georges-Louis Leclerc Buff on. Kołłątaj clearly proposed the in-depth actualistic study of geological processes as a key to Earth history, and, consequently, he in fact distinctly pioneered the methodological uniformitarianism approach of Charles Lyell, successfully developed in the 1830s.

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