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Pietras T.,Medical University of Lodz | Witusik A.,Jan Kochanowski University | Witusik A.,University Jana Kochanowskiego elcach | Panek M.,Medical University of Lodz | And 3 more authors.
Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski | Year: 2012

The teacher's profession is regarded to be susceptible to professional burnout. Its early markers include high neuroticism and tendency to depressive reactions.The aIm of the study was to assess the depression intensity and the occurrence of mood disorders in the population of full-time and extramural course students of pedagogy aged 19-30, as well as the difference in intensity of the measured constructs between men and women.MaterIal and methods. The study was carried out on the group of 223 women and 162 men aged 19-30 studying pedagogy at Piotrkw Trybunaiski Division of Jan Kochanowski Memorial University in Kielce in the years 2008-2011. The control group consisted of 76 women and 88 men studyIng economics. Students of full-time and extramural courses were included. All the participants were assessed with Beck Depression Inventor/. Depression as a syndrome was diagnosed if the score of 10 of more was obtained.Results. Among female students of pedagogy, 21 out of 223 obtained Beck Depression Inventory scores equal to, or above 10; whereas among female students of economics 1 out of 76 obtained such a result. The relative risk of developing depression (understood as Beck Depression Inventory result of 10 or more) was found to be significantly higher among female pedagogues (OR 7.797; Cl 1.0306 to 58.9856) than among female economists. Among male pedagogy students, 2 out of 162 obtaIned 10 points, or more. It means that the risk of depression in female pedagogues was as much as over eight-fold higher than in male pedagogues (OR 8.3168; Cl 1.9215 - 35.9979). The risk of depression in men studying pedagogy was not higher than in men studying economics, who obtained the Beck Depression Inventory scores of 10 or more in I case out of 88 (OR 1.1; Cl 0.0983 to 12.3032). Considering all pedagogues irrespectively of gender versus all economists, the risk of depression in the group of pedagogues is over five-fold higher than among economists (OR 5.1464; Cl 1.1991 to 22.0885). In the whole group of women, irrespectively of the study profile, the risk of Beck Depression Inventory result equal to, or exceeding was six-fold higher than among men (OR 6.539 1; Cl 1.9336 to 22.1144). There was no statistically significant correlation between the Beck Depression Inventory scores obtained In the studied group and the subjects ages. The mean scores obtained in the particular groups are presented in table. The Beck Depression Inventory scores obtained by women studying pedagogy was found to differ with statistical significance from the scores obtained by male pedagogy students (p = 0.001925), female economics students (p = 0.0 15781) and female economics students (p = 0.000611). The mean intensity of depression in men studying pedagogy did not differ from the mean intensity of depression in women studying economics (p = 0.94 128) and in men studying economics (p = 0.330382). No differences in the mean Beck Depression Inventory scores of female and male students of economics were noted, either (p = 0.444554). The mean intensity of depression in women representing both fields of study was 6.094-3.13, vs 4.9 7-2.45 in men; the difference was statistically significant at the significance level of p = 0.00005. The mean intensity of depression in pedagogy students of both sexes was 5.92-3.024 vs 4.79-2.39 in students of economics; the difference was statistically significant at the significance level of p = 0,000026.Conclusions. Women studying pedagogy demonstrate higher depression intensity than men studying pedagogy, as well as male and female students of economics. Students of pedagogy demonstrate higher depression intensity than students of economics.On the overall, women in the whole studied population have higher depression intensity than men; however no such gender-related differences were observed among students of economics.

Salwa P.,I Kliniczny Oddzial Kardiologii | Gorczyca-Michta I.,I Kliniczny Oddzial Kardiologii | Wozakowska-Kaplon B.,I Kliniczny Oddzial Kardiologii | Wozakowska-Kaplon B.,University Jana Kochanowskiego elcach
Nadcisnienie Tetnicze | Year: 2012

Background: Hypertension is an approved cardiovascular risk factor that can modify the course of acute coronary syndrome. The aim of this study is to assess the inhospital course of STEMI in hypertensive patients and to evaluate the impact of hypertension on short-term prognosis. Material and methods: Retrospective analysis of medical records of 1059 patients (67% men) with STEMI was performed. The influence of coexisting hypertension on occurrence of early complications was assessed. Results There were 720 hypertensive patients (68%) in group of patients with STEMI. The occurrence of selected cardiovascular risk factors in the group of patients with hypertension vs normotensive patients was as follows: obesity - 15.4% vs 10% (p = 0.0365); diabetes 24% vs 16%; (p = 0.017), hypercholesterolemia 66% vs 59% (NS), smoking 42% vs 50%, (NS). There were no statistically significant differences in the severity of atherosclerotic lesions in coronary arteries in both groups. Cardiogenic shock occurred in 2.5% of patients with concomitant hypertension and in 5% of normotensive patients (p = 0.04). Hemorrhagic events appeared to be more frequent in group of hypertensive patients 3.6% than in group of patients with normal blood pressure 1.5% (p = 0.0607). Cardiovascular mortality was higher in group of patients without hypertension 15.6% vs 7.5%, (p = 0.0003). Conclusions: 1. Hypertensive patients have more cardiovascular risk factors than patients with normal blood pressure. 2. Hemorrhagic events occurred more frequently in group of patients with hypertension but without statistical significance. 3. Inhospital mortality was much higher in group of normotensive patients with STEMI than in the group of patients with hypertension. Copyright © 2012 Via Medica.

Ciuraszkiewicz K.,Intensive Care Unit | Sielski J.,Intensive Care Unit | Sielski J.,University Jana Kochanowskiego elcach | Janion-Sadowska A.,Intensive Care Unit | And 4 more authors.
Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski | Year: 2014

Infection with influenza type A virus may cause serious cardiovascular complications, such as myocarditis, heart failure, acute myocardial infarction. Also infection with influenza type AH1N1 may contribute to aggravation of cardiac disorders, i.e. acute coronary syndrome, heart failure, cardiogenic shock, severe ventricular arrythmias. One of the most fatal complication of influenza is pneumonia leading to acute respiratory insufficiency requiring artifitial ventilation. Symptoms of respiratory tract infections dumig inflenza epidemy should always be treated with a high index of suspicion. Early diagnosis and adequate antiviral treatment may prevent those complications. A series of four cases of patients hospitalised in intensive cardiac care unit due to suspected cardiac dyspnea and finally diagnosed as a cardiac disease complicated by influenza pneumonia is presented.

Choma J.,University Jana Kochanowskiego elcach | Dziura A.,Military University of Technology | Jamioia D.,Military University of Technology | Marszewski M.,Kent State University | Jaroniec M.,Kent State University
Ochrona Srodowiska | Year: 2012

Mesoporous carbons were prepared using the hard templating method. Resorcinol with crotonaldehyde and phenol with paraformaldehyde were used as carbon precursors along with colloidal silica as a hard template. The resultant carbons possessed high surface areas exceeding 1500 m2/g for the samples prepared from resorcinol with crotonaldehyde, and approaching 1800 m2/g for those obtained from phenol with paraformaldehyde. All samples exhibited large total pore volumes of about 5 cm3/g and high mesoporosity of about 95%. Pore size distribution functions indicated small amounts of micropores (~1.5 nm) and predominant amounts of mesopores (~30 nm). Scanning electron micrographs proved uniformity of spherical mesopores and their random distribution in the carbon matrix. The well developed porous structure of the mesoporous carbons studied makes them feasible for adsorption and catalytic processes, especially for adsorption of large organic molecules.

Tsirigotis K.,University Jana Kochanowskiego elcach | Gruszczynski W.,Medical University of Lodz
Psychiatria i Psychologia Kliniczna | Year: 2013

Objective: Some authors report that aggressive behaviour in schizophrenia is of heterogeneous sources, for example, aggression may be an impulsive action and even deliberate behaviour designed to intimidate others. Violence and aggressive behaviour may also be associated with psychotic experiences, such as delusions or hallucinations. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between psychotic experiences and the intensiveness of hostility and aggression in patients with paranoid schizophrenia. Material and method: Seventy outpatients (35 men and 35 women) with paranoid schizophrenia were examined. Relevant scales, subscales and indices of the Polish version of Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) were used. Results: The analysis of correlation and the factor analysis revealed a number of statistically significant correlations between the scores of the scales assessing psychotic experiences and those assessing the intensiveness of hostility and aggression. Conclusions: The results of this study confirm the presence of a number of relationships between psychotic experiences and felt hostility and aggression. Psychotic symptoms and indices of aggressiveness created five factors: "psychoticism," "hostility," "psychopathic aggression," "poignancy," "persecutory ideas." Important for the felt hostility and aggressiveness in patients turned out to be experienced anxiety about their mental health because of the sense of the unreality of what is going on and because of the sense of alienation of their own thoughts. Another important factor turned out to be a sense of being wronged by life, misunderstood by others, and the belief that people have a grudge and try to harm. In contrast, characteristics, attitudes and behaviour which are the opposite of paranoid disorders, i.e. faith in people and optimistic attitude towards them, are an important factor for the inhibition of aggression.

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