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Polewczyk A.,II Kliniczny Oddzial Kardiologii | Kutarski A.,University Medyczny | Janion M.,II Kliniczny Oddzial Kardiologii | Janion M.,University Im Jana Kochanowskiego
Kardiologia Polska | Year: 2013

Twiddler's syndrome (TS) is the well known late electrotherapy complication. The typical TS develops as a result of the pulse generator rotation with retraction of the leads and consequent interruption of pacing. We reported 2 cases illustrating late TS without spontaneous old, ingrown lead extraction and very different leads damage. Copyright © Polskie Towarzystwo Kardiologiczne.


The aim of this study was to analysis of antibiotics (ampicilin, streptomycin, ciprofloxacin or colistin) release from agarose gel by spectrophotmetry and laser interferometry methods. The interferometric system consisted of a Mach-Zehnder interferometer with a He-Ne laser, TV-CCD camera, computerised data acquisition system and a gel system. The gel system under study consists of two cuvettes. We filled the lower cuvette with an aqueous 1% agarose solution with the antibiotics at initial concentration of antibiotics in the range of 0.12-2 mg/ml for spectrophotmetry analysis or 0.05-0.5 mg/ml for laser interferometry methods, while in the upper cuvette there was pure water. The diffusion was analysed from 120 to 2400 s with a time interval of deltat = 120 s by both methods. We observed that 0.25-1 mg/ml and 0,05 mg/ml are minimal initial concentrations detected by spectrophotometric and laser interferometry methods, respectively. Additionally, we observed differences in kinetic of antibiotic diffusion from gel measured by both methods. In conclusion, the laser interferometric method is a useful tool for studies of antibiotic release from agarose gel, especially for substances are not fully soluble in water, for example: colistin.


PubMed | University Im Jana Kochanowskiego
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Polimery w medycynie | Year: 2011

The aim of this study was to analysis of antibiotics (ampicilin, streptomycin, ciprofloxacin or colistin) release from agarose gel by spectrophotmetry and laser interferometry methods. The interferometric system consisted of a Mach-Zehnder interferometer with a He-Ne laser, TV-CCD camera, computerised data acquisition system and a gel system. The gel system under study consists of two cuvettes. We filled the lower cuvette with an aqueous 1% agarose solution with the antibiotics at initial concentration of antibiotics in the range of 0.12-2 mg/ml for spectrophotmetry analysis or 0.05-0.5 mg/ml for laser interferometry methods, while in the upper cuvette there was pure water. The diffusion was analysed from 120 to 2400 s with a time interval of deltat = 120 s by both methods. We observed that 0.25-1 mg/ml and 0,05 mg/ml are minimal initial concentrations detected by spectrophotometric and laser interferometry methods, respectively. Additionally, we observed differences in kinetic of antibiotic diffusion from gel measured by both methods. In conclusion, the laser interferometric method is a useful tool for studies of antibiotic release from agarose gel, especially for substances are not fully soluble in water, for example: colistin.

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