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Hondón de las Nieves, Spain

Matas-Cobos A.M.,Virgen Of Las Nieves University Hospital | Redondo-Cerezo E.,Virgen Of Las Nieves University Hospital | Alegria-Motte C.,Virgen Of Las Nieves University Hospital | Martinez-Chamorro A.,Virgen Of Las Nieves University Hospital | And 6 more authors.
Pancreas | Year: 2015

Objectives: Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are damage-associated molecular patterns receptors, which are essential in the activation of the inflammasome cascade, required for the initiation of inflammation. We hypothesized that changes in the function of these receptors caused by genetic polymorphisms in their encoding genes could determine acute pancreatitis (AP) incidence or severity. Methods: Two hundred sixty-nine patients and 269 controls were included. Acute pancreatitis diagnosis criteria were abdominal pain, increased serum amylase levels, and positive findings on abdominal imaging. The patients were observed until discharge. Blood samples were obtained, determining the following TLRs: TLR1 rs5743611, TLR2 rs5743704, TLR3 rs3775291, TLR3 rs5743305, TLR4 rs4986790, TLR4 rs4986791, TLR5 rs5744174, TLR6 rs5743795, TLR7 rs2302267, TLR9 rs352140, and TLR10 rs4129009. Results: No TLR polymorphism was related to AP incidence. Regarding severity, CC genotype patients in TLR3 rs3775291 had an increased risk for severe pancreatitis (CC odds ratio [OR], 2.426; P = 0.015). In addition, TLR6 rs5743795 GG genotype patients had a lower risk for severe AP (GG OR, 0.909; P < 0.05). Intensive care unit admission was related to TLR5 rs5744174 homozygote TT carriers (TT OR, 3.367; P = 0.036). Conclusions: Our article points to genetic polymorphisms in TLR3 and TLR6 as having a plausible role in the occurrence of severe AP. Source

Abiles V.,Costa del Sol Hospital | Rodriguez-Ruiz S.,University of Granada | Abiles J.,Costa del Sol Hospital | Obispo A.,Costa del Sol Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Nutricion Hospitalaria | Year: 2013

Aims: To analyze changes in the general and specific psychopathology of morbidly obese bariatric surgery (BS) candidates after cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and assess differences between patients with and without binge eating disorder (BED) and between patients with obesity grades III and IV, studying their influence on weight loss. Methods: 110 consecutive morbidly obese BS candidates [77 females; aged 41 ± 9 yrs; body mass index 49.1 ± 9.0 kg/m2] entered a three-month CBT program (12 two-hour sessions) before BS. Participants were assessed with general and specific psychopathology tests pre-and post-CBT. Data were analyzed according to the degree of obesity and presence/absence of BED. Results: At baseline, BED patients were more anxious and depressive with lower self-esteem and quality of life versus non-BED patients (p < 0.05) and were more concerned with food, weight and figure, felt greater hunger, fear and guilt, and were more influenced by contextual cues (p < 0.005). Post-CBT, these differences in self-esteem, depression, and eating disorders disappeared due to significant improvements in BED patients. No difference between OIII and OIV groups was found in any psychopathology test pre- or post-CBT. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that CBT was effective to treat psychological comorbidity regardless of the presence/ absence of BED or degree of obesity. At 1 yr post-CBT, weight loss versus baseline (before CTT) was > 10% in 61%, with no intergroup differences. Conclusions: CBT is effective to treat psychological comorbidity in BS candidates, regardless of the presence of BED and degree of obesity. Source

Vargas-Hitos J.A.,systemIC | Sabio J.M.,systemIC | Tercedor J.,Virgen Of Las Nieves University Hospital | Navarrete-Navarrete N.,systemIC | Jimenez-Alonso J.,systemIC
Indian Journal of Dermatology | Year: 2013

A 65-year-old woman with bullous pemphigoid presented with fever and several red-purple nodular subcutaneous lesions on both lower legs 1 week after starting treatment with azathioprine (AZA). Biopsy of a skin nodule was compatible with erythema nodosum (EN) and hypersensitivity reaction to AZA was suspected. AZA was subsequently discontinued, observing complete remission of fever and EN within 2 weeks. This case highlights the importance of recognizing EN as a possible manifestation of hypersensitivity reaction to AZA. Source

Martinez M.P.,University of Granada | Miro E.,University of Granada | Sanchez A.I.,University of Granada | Diaz-Piedra C.,University of Granada | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Year: 2014

Sleep disturbances play an important role in the exacerbation of pain and other troubling symptoms reported by patients with fibromyalgia (FM). The objective of this trial was to analyze the efficacy of a cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) versus a sleep hygiene (SH) education program at improving sleep and other clinical manifestations in FM. Sixty-four FM women with insomnia were randomly assigned to the CBT-I or the SH groups, and 59 completed the treatments (30 in the CBT-I group and 29 in the SH group). Participants completed several self-report questionnaires at pre-, post-treatment and follow-ups. The CBT-I group reported significant improvements at post-treatment in several sleep variables, fatigue, daily functioning, pain catastrophizing, anxiety and depression. The SH group only improved significantly in subjective sleep quality. Patients in the CBT-I group showed significantly greater changes than those in the SH group in most outcome measures. The findings underscore the usefulness of CBT-I in the multidisciplinary management of FM. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

Salgado R.,University of Burgos | MartIn J.,University of Burgos | MartInez J.,University Hospital of Araba | Alzueta J.,University of Victoria | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology | Year: 2016

Introduction and Objectives: The Sprint Fidelis defibrillator lead (Medtronic) was recalled in 2007 due to an increased risk of failure. The generator exchange (GE) procedure has been associated with the development of Fidelis lead dysfunction. The aim of this study was to compare the rate of dysfunction between Sprint Fidelis and other defibrillator leads during the first year after GE. Methods: A multicenter retrospective study involving patients from the UMBRELLA database who underwent GE with previous normal lead function and minimum follow-up of 1 year after the procedure was performed. The incidence of lead dysfunction was determined via remote monitoring and defined as pacing impedance > 1,500 ohm, high-voltage impedance > 100 ohm, R wave sensing under 2 mV, or the presence of VT/VF episodes classified as noise. Results: A total of 531 patients were included (114 Fidelis). In the first year after GE, the total incidence of lead dysfunction was 3.6%. No significant differences were found between Fidelis and the others in survival analysis (3.5% vs. 3.6%, respectively, log-rank 0.002, P = 0.962). Conclusions: According to our results, the preventive removal/replacement of the Sprint Fidelis leads with normal function until GE is not a recommended practice since the rate of dysfunction after the procedure in this subgroup is no different compared with other defibrillator leads. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

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