Strano S.,Hotel Dieu University Hospital |
Ouafi L.,Hotel Dieu University Hospital |
Baud M.,Saint Antoine University Hospital |
Alifano M.,Hotel Dieu University Hospital
Annals of Thoracic Surgery | Year: 2010
We report the case of a 79-year-old woman referred to our institution for persistent cough and right-sided chest pain. A computed tomographic scan revealed a 2-cm round nodule in the right lower lobe. A wedge resection of the lesion was achieved by video-assisted thoracic surgery. Pathologic examination was consistent with the diagnosis of chordoma. Magnetic resonance imaging of the whole spine and skull basis was normal. Therefore, a diagnosis of primary lung chordoma, an exceptional condition, could be established. © 2010 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons.
Nguyen-Khac E.,Amiens University Hospital |
Nguyen-Khac E.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research |
Thevenot T.,Besancon University Hospital Center |
Piquet M.-A.,University of Caen Lower Normandy |
And 12 more authors.
New England Journal of Medicine | Year: 2011
BACKGROUND: Mortality among patients with severe acute alcoholic hepatitis is high, even among those treated with glucocorticoids. We investigated whether combination therapy with glucocorticoids plus N-acetylcysteine would improve survival. METHODS: We randomly assigned 174 patients to receive prednisolone plus N-acetylcysteine (85 patients) or only prednisolone (89 patients). All patients received 4 weeks of prednisolone. The prednisolone-N-acetylcysteine group received intravenous N-acetylcysteine on day 1 (at a dose of 150, 50, and 100 mg per kilogram of body weight in 250, 500, and 1000 ml of 5% glucose solution over a period of 30 minutes, 4 hours, and 16 hours, respectively) and on days 2 through 5 (100 mg per kilogram per day in 1000 ml of 5% glucose solution). The prednisolone-only group received an infusion in 1000 ml of 5% glucose solution per day on days 1 through 5. The primary outcome was 6-month survival. Secondary outcomes included survival at 1 and 3 months, hepatitis complications, adverse events related to N-acetylcysteine use, and changes in bilirubin levels on days 7 and 14. RESULTS: Mortality was not significantly lower in the prednisolone-N-acetylcysteine group than in the prednisolone-only group at 6 months (27% vs. 38%, P = 0.07). Mortality was significantly lower at 1 month (8% vs. 24%, P = 0.006) but not at 3 months (22% vs. 34%, P = 0.06). Death due to the hepatorenal syndrome was less frequent in the prednisolone-N-acetylcysteine group than in the prednisolone-only group at 6 months (9% vs. 22%, P = 0.02). In a multivariate analysis, factors associated with 6-month survival were a younger age (P<0.001), a shorter prothrombin time (P<0.001), a lower level of bilirubin at baseline (P<0.001), and a decrease in bilirubin on day 14 (P<0.001). Infections were less frequent in the prednisolone-N-acetylcysteine group than in the prednisolone- only group (P = 0.001); other side effects were similar in the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Although combination therapy with prednisolone plus N-acetylcysteine increased 1-month survival among patients with severe acute alcoholic hepatitis, 6-month survival, the primary outcome, was not improved. Copyright © 2011 Massachusetts Medical Society.
Soubeyrand M.,Bicetre University Hospital |
Wassermann V.,Bicetre University Hospital |
Hirsch C.,Bicetre University Hospital |
Oberlin C.,Bichat University Hospital |
And 3 more authors.
Journal of Hand Surgery: European Volume | Year: 2011
The forearm is composed of the radial and ulnar shafts, which are linked by the interosseous membrane and intercalated between the elbow and wrist. The radius and ulna are connected by three joints, the proximal, middle, and distal radioulnar joints. The forearm ensures pronation/supination and longitudinal load transfer. The biomechanical and clinical relevance of the proximal and distal radioulnar joints is well established. In contrast, the middle radioulnar joint was considered relatively unimportant until studies published in the last decade showed that it fulfils crucial biomechanical functions and is of considerable clinical significance. We believe the conventional concept in which the forearm is viewed as part of either the elbow or the wrist is outdated and that a more relevant concept describes the forearm as a triarticular complex that functions as a full-fledged entity. In this concept, the three forearm radioulnar joints (proximal, middle, distal) work together to provide stability, mobility and load transfer. Here, we will argue for the relevance of the triarticular complex concept based on published data about forearm biomechanics and pathological conditions. © The Author(s) 2011.
Efficacy of venlafaxine, medroxyprogesterone acetate, and cyproterone acetate for the treatment of vasomotor hot flushes in men taking gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues for prostate cancer: a double-blind, randomised trial
Irani J.,University of Poitiers |
Salomon L.,University Hospital |
Oba R.,Takeda Laboratories |
Bouchard P.,Saint Antoine University Hospital |
Mottet N.,Urology Unit
The Lancet Oncology | Year: 2010
Background: Hot flushes are the most common complaints reported by men undergoing androgen suppression treatment for prostate cancer. We designed a randomised double-blind trial to compare the efficacy of three drugs, each of which has proven effective for preventing hot flushes in previous studies. Methods: Men with prostate cancer with an indication for androgen suppression were enrolled in the study at 106 urology centres in France between April 14, 2004, and April 20, 2007. All patients were treated for 6 months with leuprorelin (11·25 mg). At month 6, patients who spontaneously asked for treatment, or those who presented with 14 hot flushes or more during the week before the visit, were randomly assigned to either venlafaxine 75 mg daily, medroxyprogesterone acetate 20 mg daily, or cyproterone acetate 100 mg daily. All patients received two indistinguishable pills in the morning and one in the evening from week 1 to week 8, and one indistinguishable pill in the morning from week 9 to week 10, to comply with the double-blind design. Random assignment with a block size of three was done centrally, by fax, and each patient was given a randomisation number. The allocation sequence was stratified by centre. Assessment was done at inclusion, at randomisation, and then at 4 weeks, 8 weeks, and 12 weeks after randomisation. Participants completed a daily hot-flush diary for 1 week, and a quality of life questionnaire before each visit throughout the study. The primary outcome was the change in median daily hot-flush score between randomisation and 1 month. All patients who received at least one study treatment dose were included in the efficacy analysis. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01011751. Findings: Of the 919 men initially enrolled, 311 were randomly assigned to one of the study treatments at 6 months: 102 to venlafaxine, 101 to cyproterone, and 108 to medroxyprogesterone. 309 patients were included in the efficacy analysis, since two were excluded for protocol deviations (one in the cyproterone and one in the medroxyprogesterone group; both were excluded because they were already undergoing treatment with serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressants at randomisation). The change in median daily hot-flush score between randomisation and 1 month was -47·2% (IQR -74·3 to -2·5) in the venlafaxine group, -94·5% (-100·0 to -74·5) in the cyproterone group, and -83·7% (-98·9 to -64·3) in the medroxyprogesterone group. The decrease from baseline was significant for all three groups (p<0·0001). Pairwise comparison of treatment groups adjusted by the Bonferroni method confirmed that the decreases in hot-flush score were significantly larger in the cyproterone and medroxyprogesterone groups than in the venlafaxine group, regardless of the interval considered (p<0·0001 in all cases). There was no significant difference between the cyproterone and medroxyprogesterone groups (p>0·2 in all cases). Serious side-effects occurred in four, seven, and five patients in the venlafaxine, cyproterone, and medroxyprogesterone groups, respectively, of which none, one (dyspnoea), and one (urticaria) were considered related to the drug, respectively. Interpretation: After 6 months of treatment with leuprorelin, venlafaxine, cyproterone, and medroxyprogesterone proved to be effective in reducing hot flushes. However, the hormonal treatments cyproterone and medroxyprogesterone were significantly more effective than venlafaxine. As cyproterone is a recognised treatment in prostate cancer, and its use could interfere with hormonal therapy, medroxyprogesterone could be considered to be the standard treatment for hot flushes in men undergoing androgen suppression for prostate cancer. Funding: Takeda Laboratories, Puteaux, France. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Malka D.,University Paris - Sud |
Cervera P.,Saint Antoine University Hospital |
Foulon S.,University Paris - Sud |
Trarbach T.,University of Duisburg - Essen |
And 21 more authors.
The Lancet Oncology | Year: 2014
Background: Gemcitabine plus a platinum-based agent (eg, cisplatin or oxaliplatin) is the standard of care for advanced biliary cancers. We investigated the addition of cetuximab to chemotherapy in patients with advanced biliary cancers. Methods: In this non-comparative, open-label, randomised phase 2 trial, we recruited patients with locally advanced (non-resectable) or metastatic cholangiocarcinoma, gallbladder carcinoma, or ampullary carcinoma and a WHO performance status of 0 or 1 from 18 hospitals across France and Germany. Eligible patients were randomly assigned (1:1) centrally with a minimisation procedure to first-line treatment with gemcitabine (1000 mg/m2) and oxaliplatin (100 mg/m2) with or without cetuximab (500 mg/m2), repeated every 2 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Randomisation was stratified by centre, primary site of disease, disease stage, and previous treatment with curative intent or adjuvant therapy. Investigators who assessed treatment response were not masked to group assignment. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients who were progression-free at 4 months, analysed by intention to treat. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00552149. Findings: Between Oct 10, 2007, and Dec 18, 2009, 76 patients were assigned to chemotherapy plus cetuximab and 74 to chemotherapy alone. 48 (63%; 95% CI 52-74) patients assigned to chemotherapy plus cetuximab and 40 (54%; 43-65) assigned to chemotherapy alone were progression-free at 4 months. Median progression-free survival was 6·1 months (95% CI 5·1-7·6) in the chemotherapy plus cetuximab group and 5·5 months (3·7-6·6) in the chemotherapy alone group. Median overall survival was 11·0 months (9·1-13·7) in the chemotherapy plus cetuximab group and 12·4 months (8·6-16·0) in the chemotherapy alone group. The most common grade 3-4 adverse events were peripheral neuropathy (in 18 [24%] of 76 patients who received chemotherapy plus cetuximab vs ten [15%] of 68 who received chemotherapy alone), neutropenia (17 [22%] vs 11 [16%]), and increased aminotransferase concentrations (17 [22%] vs ten [15%]). 70 serious adverse events were reported in 39 (51%) of 76 patients who received chemotherapy plus cetuximab (34 events in 19 [25%] patients were treatment-related), whereas 41 serious adverse events were reported in 25 (35%) of 71 patients who received chemotherapy alone (20 events in 12 [17%] patients were treatment-related). One patient died of atypical pneumonia related to treatment in the chemotherapy alone group. Interpretation: The addition of cetuximab to gemcitabine and oxaliplatin did not seem to enhance the activity of chemotherapy in patients with advanced biliary cancer, although it was well tolerated. Gemcitabine and platinum-based combination should remain the standard treatment option. Funding: Institut National du Cancer, Merck Serono. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.