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Jobim M.R.,Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre | Jobim M.,Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre | Salim P.H.,Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre | Portela P.,Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre | And 12 more authors.
Human Immunology | Year: 2013

Breast cancer is the main cause of cancer-related death among women, with a 0.5% increase in incidence per year. Natural killer cells (NK) are part of the innate immune system recognizing class I HLA molecules on target cells through their membrane receptors, called killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR). The aim of our study was to evaluate the association between the KIR genes and HLA alleles in patients with breast cancer and healthy controls. Two hundred thirty patients with breast cancer and 272 healthy controls were typed for HLA class I and KIR genes by PCR-SSO. When both groups were compared, the presence of inhibitory KIR2DL2 receptors was significantly higher in breast cancer patients than in healthy controls. No significant differences were found for HLA-C2 and HLA-Bw4. However, a higher frequency of HLA-C1 in breast cancer patients was observed. These findings suggest a potential role for the KIR gene system in breast cancer. Further studies to confirm this observation are warranted. © 2013 American Society for Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics.


Brunetto De Farias C.,University Hospital Research Center | Brunetto De Farias C.,University of Porto | Heinen T.E.,University Hospital Research Center | Koehler-Santos P.,University Hospital Research Center | And 17 more authors.
Oncology | Year: 2010

Objective: Neurotrophin and neuropeptide pathways are emerging targets in cancer. Here we show that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its receptor, TrkB, are present in colorectal cancer and that BDNF levels are increased in tumors compared to nontumor tissue. In addition, we investigate the role of BDNF in influencing the response of colorectal cancer cells to inhibition of gastrin-releasing peptide receptors (GRPR). Methods: Fresh-frozen sporadic colorectal adenocarcinoma specimens and adjacent nonneoplastic tissue from 30 patients, as well as paraffin-embedded colorectal cancer samples from 21 patients, were used in this study. Cell proliferation and mRNA and protein levels were examined in HT-29 or SW620 cells treated with a GRPR antagonist, human recombinant BDNF (hrBDNF), a Trk antagonist K252a, or cetuximab. Results: Expression of BDNF and TrkB was detected in tumor samples and cell lines. BDNF levels were higher in tumor samples compared to nonneoplastic tissue. BDNF expression and secretion were increased by GRPR blockade in HT-29 cells through a mechanism dependent on epidermal growth factor receptors. Treatment with hrBDNF prevented the effect of GRPR blockade on cell proliferation, whereas a Trk inhibitor reduced proliferation. Conclusions: BDNF and TrkB are present in colorectal cancer and might contribute to resistance to GRPR antagonists. Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.


Sarra-Bournet C.,University Hospital Research Center | Sarra-Bournet C.,Laval University | Sarra-Bournet C.,National Polytechnic Institute of Toulouse | Sarra-Bournet C.,CNRS LAPLACE Lab | And 8 more authors.
Advanced Materials Research | Year: 2010

Functionalized plasma polymer thin films were obtained in a dielectric barrier discharge at atmospheric pressure in an atmosphere of N2 and C2H4. The coatings were hydrophilic, adherent, chemically stable and presented a surface concentration of NH2 suitable for further biomolecule conjugation. Covalent grafting of a linking arm (glutaric anhydride) and subsequent conjugation of fibronectin, a protein of the extracellular matrix, were successful. Finally, endothelial cell adhesion experiments were performed directly on the functionalized thin films as well as on the conjugated coatings. Effects on cell adhesion were observed as a function of the plasma thin film deposition parameters. © (2010) Trans Tech Publications.

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