Plzeň, Czech Republic
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PubMed | Czech Technical University, Charles University and University Hospital in Pilsen
Type: Journal Article | Journal: In vivo (Athens, Greece) | Year: 2016

There is still a lack of organs for transplantation purposes. In the field of kidney and liver transplantation, one available solution is the use of organs from so-called marginal donors. These donors can be e.g. non-heart-beating donors. In these cases, perfusion and preservation of organs intended for transplantation is generally more difficult. Retrograde oxygen persufflation (ROP) may be a possible solution to this issue. This method is based on retrograde perfusion by oxygen through the renal vein thus reconditioning the organ.We operated on 10 animals (porcine models). Ischemic injury of the right kidney was simulated in all animals. In group A (N=5), kidneys were perfused with retrograde oxygen persufflation after explantation. In group B (N=5), kidneys were perfused intrarterially as in usual clinical practice. After perfusion all kidneys were transplanted to the original donor animal. Quality of graft restitution was evaluated by the urea level obtained from the renal vein and by histopathological analysis after explantation.We found no statistically significant differences between groups A and B in urea levels after transplantation, nor did we find any significant differences in quality of kidney parenchyma restoration between these groups.Retrograde oxygen persufflation is able to protect and restore kidney parenchyma.

PubMed | Charles University and University Hospital in Pilsen
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Anticancer research | Year: 2015

To evaluate changes in the serum levels of prostate specific antigen (PSA), %free PSA and -2proPSA biomarkers, and prostate health index (PHI) in the diagnostic algorithm of early prostate cancer.The Immunoanalytical Laboratory of the University Hospital in Pilsen examined sera from 263 patients being treated at the Hospitals Urology Department with suspected prostate cancer who had undergone biopsies and were divided into a benign and malignant group. The monitored biomarkers were measured using chemiluminescence. All statistical analyses were calculated using the SAS software.We found statistically significantly increased levels of -2proPSA, PHI and PSA and decreased levels of %freePSA in patients diagnosed with prostate cancer by prostate biopsy vs. patients with benign prostatic hypertrophy (median values: -2proPSA: 16 vs. 21 ng/l, PHI: 35 vs. 62, total PSA: 7.2 vs. 7.7 g/l and %free PSA: 16.7 vs. 11.7%). Receiver operating characteristic curves showed the best performance for PHI compared to other markers.The assessment of -2proPSA and the calculation of PHI appear to be of great benefit for a more accurate differential diagnosis of benign hyperplasia and prostate cancer.

PubMed | Urocentrum Plzen, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Charles University and University Hospital in Pilsen
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Anticancer research | Year: 2016

Current research of prostate cancer (PCa) offers a promising way of identifying patients with adverse prognosis who do benefit from radical treatment that can affect quality of life as resections are associated with numerous side-effects. The aim of our study was to evaluate the relationship of TMPRSS2-ERG fusion gene status, tumor tissue prostate-specific antigen (PSA), prostate cancer antigen 3 (PCA3), miR-23b, miR-26a and miR-221 expression levels in combination with preoperative serum PSA level to the risk of PCa recurrence after radical prostatectomy.The study group consisted of 108 patients who underwent radical prostatectomy. PSA was measured in peripheral blood collected preoperativelly. The expression of TMPRSS2-ERG transcript and the expression of miR-23b, miR-26a and miR-221 in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor tissues was analyzed by reverse transcription (RT) real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR).Significantly shorter time to recurrence was observed in patients with high expression of TMPRSS2-ERG (p=0.0020). High levels of preoperative PSA (>10.0 ng/ml) proved to be marker of shorter time to recurrence (p=0.0153). The most promising marker of the risk of recurrence after radical prostatectomy was a combination of high level of preoperative serum PSA and high expression of TMPRSS2-ERG fusion transcript in tumor tissue (p=0.0001).A combination of high preoperative serum PSA and high expression of TMPRSS2-ERG could be promising in distinguishing those tumors that are aggressive and life-threatening.

PubMed | Charles University and University Hospital in Pilsen
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International journal of oncology | Year: 2016

MicroRNAs have the potential to become valuable predictive markers for gastric cancer. Samples of biopsy tissue, routinely taken from gastric cancer patients undergoing palliative chemotherapy, constitute suitable material for microRNA profiling with the aim of predicting the effect of chemotherapy. Our study group consisted of 54 patients, all of whom underwent palliative chemotherapy based on 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) or 5-FU in combination with platinum derivatives between 2000 and 2013. The expression of 29 selected microRNAs and genes BRCA1, ERCC1, RRM1 and TS, in gastric cancer tissue macrodissected from FFPE tissue samples, was measured by quantitative RT-PCR. The relationship between gene expression levels and time to progression (TTP) and overall survival (OS) was analysed. From the set of the 29 microRNAs of interest, we found high expression of miR-150, miR-342-3p, miR-181b, miR-221, miR-224 and low levels of miR-520h relate to shorter TTP. High levels of miR-150, miR-192, miR-224, miR-375 and miR-342-3p related to shorter OS. In routinely available FFPE tissue samples, we found 6 miRNAs with a relation to TTP, which may serve as predictors of the effectiveness of palliative treatment in gastric cancer patients. These miRNAs could also help in deciding whether to indicate palliative chemotherapy.

Vcelak P.,University of West Bohemia | Kleckova J.,University of West Bohemia | Rohan V.,University Hospital in Pilsen
Proceedings - 2010 3rd International Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Informatics, BMEI 2010 | Year: 2010

Cerebrovascular diseases are one of the most common causes of death worldwide. In this paper, we analyze relationships in heterogeneous collaborating centre's medical data to resolve a solution of this complex problem. Data mining is primarily based on clinical data, imaging examinations and therapeutic data stored in various data formats. The raw and mined data can be used by a registered medical doctors in the knowledge base for an evaluation of hypothesis or tests. ©2010 IEEE.

Fiala O.,University Hospital in Pilsen | Pesek M.,University Hospital in Pilsen | Finek J.,University Hospital in Pilsen | Krejci J.,University Hospital in Prague Bulovka | And 4 more authors.
Neoplasma | Year: 2013

Erlotinib is an epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor used in treatment of advanced NSCLC. Patients harboring EGFR or KRAS mutations represent minority of all patients in caucasian population and there is no available predictor for a predominant group of patients harboring the wild-type EGFR and wild-type KRAS genes. Skin rash is the most frequent manifestation of cutaneous toxicity of erlotinib. Rash is associated with a good therapeutic response. We aimed at the evaluation of rash as a predictor of therapeutic effect of erlotinib in patients harboring the wild-type EGFR and KRAS wild-type genes and to assess its possible usage in a clinical practice. Totally 184 patients with advanced stage NSCLC (IIIB, IV) harboring the wild-type EGFR and wild-type KRAS genes were analysed. Comparison of ORR, PFS and OS according to the occurrence of rash was performed. In order to assess the impact of rash in clinical practice it was conducted landmark analysis of the group of patients whose rash was observed during first month of treatment (n=124). Patients in whom progression was observed during the first month of treatment were excluded from the landmark analysis. The comparison of ORR was performed using Fisher's exact test, visualization of survival was performed using Kaplan-Meier survival curves and the differences in survival were tested using the log-rank test. Median PFS in patients who were observed with rash during the treatment was 3.0 vs. 1.2 months in patients with no rash (p<0.001), median of OS in patients who were observed with rash during the treatment was 13.9 vs. 5.8 months in patients with no rash (p<0.001). ORR in patients who were observed with rash during the treatment was 17.4% vs. 3.3% in patients with no rash (p=0.001). Median of PFS after 1 month of treatment in patients who were observed with rash during the first month was 2.9 vs. 1.1 months in patients with no rash (p=0.027). Median of OS after 1 month of treatment in patients who were observed with rash during the first month was 13.8 vs. 9.9 months in patients with no rash (p=0.082). Rash is strongly associated with better survival and ORR in patients harboring wild-type EGFR and wild-type KRAS genes. Occurrence of rash during the first month of treatment is a useful predictor of better effect of erlotinib after one month of treatment. Patients who were not observed with rash during the first month of treatment are in high risk of progression. Optimization of the treatment of these patients can contribute restaging after two months of treatment, assessment of plasma levels of erlotinib and eventually attempt to dose escalation.

Brodska P.,University Hospital in Pilsen | Brodska P.,University Hospital rich | Panzner P.,University Hospital in Pilsen | Pizinger K.,University Hospital in Pilsen | Schmid-Grendelmeier P.,University Hospital rich
Dermatitis | Year: 2014

Background: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease. Malassezia, the predominant skin microbiota fungus, is considered to exacerbate AD, especially in a subset of patients with head and neck type AD (HNAD). In the present study, the relationship between AD and sensitization to Malassezia antigens was investigated. Methods: We assessed 173 patients with AD. The severity of eczema was determined with Eczema Area and Severity Index (EASI); the type of AD, namely, head and neck type, was reported as well. The total serum IgE and specific IgE to Malassezia were determined and correlated with clinical picture of AD, sex, age, and the EASI. Results: Total IgE was elevated in 77.7% of patients. Specific IgE to Malassezia was positive (≥0.35 kU/L) in 49.1% of patients. Men were significantly more often sensitized to Malassezia antigen (58% of men vs 42% of women; P value, 0.04). Concurrently, 58% of patients with HNAD versus 42% non-HNAD patients had higher levels of specific IgE to Malassezia, this difference being nearly significant (P value, 0.06). Patients with atopy were also more frequently sensitized to Malassezia. No significant relationship between EASI and the level of total IgE or specific IgE to Malassezia was observed. Conclusions: In our population, IgE-mediated sensitization was found in up to 49% of all patients with AD, most common in men and in head and neck type. © 2014 American Contact Dermatitis Society. All Rights Reserved.

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